Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 32, pp 33399–33415 | Cite as

Improving the attractiveness and accessibility of campus green space for developing a sustainable university environment

  • Xinqin LiEmail author
  • Guoping Ni
  • Bart Dewancker
Research Article


A growing body of research has investigated the vital effects of urban greening. However, the green space on campus, also recognized as an important element of urban greening and providing many benefits to college students, has gained very limited attention. In developing China, after nearly 20 years of campus construction climax, the speed of expansion has dropped significantly and the focus of a sustainable and optimized green campus has emerged. Improving the accessibility, availability, and attractiveness is a control determining if the green spaces can realize their values. Therefore, this study, taking a case, aims to explore and better understand students’ usage conditions, perceptions, and demands about campus green spaces. On Yijin campus in Hangzhou, China, through the questionnaire among 590 students, and accessibility analysis based on Space syntax theory, we have revealed that the negative usage condition of green spaces: most students rarely or occasionally visit the green space, and the visit time is concentrated in the afternoon and after class but rarely in the morning. Besides, students’ gender and growth surroundings have little influence on the perception of campus green space, but the plant configuration, seasonal color richness, and facilities required at different spaces will affect. In addition, the ranking of accessibility analyzed by Space syntax theory is similar to campus convenience considered by students. In the conclusions, suggestions are made about how to fulfill students’ requirements and improve the attractiveness and accessibility of campus green spaces so that they may inform to the growth of emerging colleges and universities in other cities and countries undergoing campus construction climax.


Campus green space Attractiveness Accessibility Space syntax Perception Usage condition Green campus Satisfaction Global integration 



The authors appreciate the assistance of managers and workers from Zhejiang A&F University, as well as the attendance of students of Yijin campus during the answering of the questionnaire.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental EngineeringThe University of KitakyushuKitakyushuJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Architectural EngineeringYiwu Industrial and Commercial CollegeYiwuChina
  3. 3.Department of City PlanningCity Planning & Design Institute of Yiwu ChinaYiwuChina

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