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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 31392–31400 | Cite as

Effects of hydrodynamic disturbances on biodegradation of tetrabromobisphenol A in water-sediment systems

  • Haomiao Cheng
  • Yulin Wang
  • Tengyi ZhuEmail author
  • Liang Wang
  • Zhengxin Xie
  • Zulin HuaEmail author
  • Xiaohong Jiang
Research Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is an emerging contaminant and exists widely in river and lake systems due to its widespread use. In natural water-sediment systems, hydrodynamic disturbances always exist. However, few studies have investigated the mechanism of TBBPA biodegradation under the influence of water disturbances. In this paper, using a specialized type of racetrack-style flumes, the TBBPA biodegradation in water-sediment systems was studied under the influence of three typical hydrodynamic disturbances. The results of 5-week experiments showed that strong hydrodynamic disturbances greatly accelerate the TBBPA biodegradation rate of the water-sediment systems. The half-lives (T1/2) under static condition (SC) were approximately 40.2 days, and the T1/2 was reduced to 16.0 days under strong hydrodynamic condition (SHC). Furthermore, the physicochemical properties and corresponding bacterial communities under these conditions were investigated to help explain the TBBPA biodegradation mechanism. The results showed that strong currents could promote dissolved oxygen (DO) levels, increase nutrient concentrations, and reduce the bacterial diversity in the sediment. Meanwhile, due to the increase in DO and nutrient concentrations, the aerobic bacterial genera conducting TBBPA biodegradation showed rapid growth with strong water disturbances, while the growth of anaerobic bacterial genera was inhibited. Citrobacter, which was the most dominant degrading bacterial genus (0.6%–14.9% in water and 3.5%–17.4% in sediment), was closely related to water disturbances and may be linked to enhanced TBBPA biodegradation. Other minor degrading bacterial genera, such as Bacillus, Sphingomonas, Anaeromyxobacter, Geobacter, Clostridium, and Flavobacterium, were also found in these water-sediment systems. The findings from this study showed the importance of considering hydrodynamic disturbance in understanding TBBPA biodegradation in aquatic environments.

Keywords

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) Water disturbances Degrading bacterial genera Citrobacter Biodegradation Water-sediment systems 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51809226, 21607123 and 51709002), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation funded project (Grant No. 2018M632390), the Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China (Grant No. 18KJB610022), and the fund of Jiangsu Provincial laboratory for Water Environmental Protection Engineering (Grant No. W1804).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6291_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1442 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Hydraulic Energy and Power EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Resource and EnvironmentAnhui Agricultural UniversityHefeiChina
  4. 4.College of EnvironmentHohai UniversityNanjingChina

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