Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 31, pp 32298–32310 | Cite as

Multi-criteria of wind-solar site selection problem using a GIS-AHP-based approach with an application in Igdir Province/Turkey

  • Ahmet Koc
  • Seda Turk
  • Gökhan ŞahinEmail author
Research Article


Sustainable sources like wind, solar, and geothermal power are defined as a clean source of renewable energy which has a less harmful impact on the environment than other energy sources such as coal, natural gas and oil. Turkey is one of the energy-importing countries where air pollution has been become an inevitable environmental concern. Thus, investments on sustainable sources have been developed rapidly in recent years in Turkey. This paves the way for studying a site selection problem considering both solar and wind energy in Igdir Province located in the east part of Turkey. In the literature, there are many studies on solar-wind energy to select a desirable site for both energy sources, and many solution techniques have been proposed dealing with this problem. In this study, one of multi-criteria decision-making methods named analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and geographical information systems (GIS) are used to determine suitable site selection for solar-wind energy investigating four counties of Igdir: Tuzluca, Igdir Central, Karakoyunlu and Aralik. The aim of this work is first to investigate possible locations for solar-wind power plant installation using a mapping method, GIS, and then, AHP is applied to the problem to obtain optimum areas for both solar-wind energy. Also, more accurate results are provided comparing results of two methods, GIS and AHP. The results reveal that 524.5 km2 for solar power plant and 147.2 km2 for wind turbine are suitable while only 49.1 km2 is suitable for solar-wind power plan installation.


Solar-wind power plant siting Renewable energy sources Analytic hierarchy process method Geographical information systems Suitability map (solar, wind and solar-wind optimal map) 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Landscape Architecture Department, Agriculture FacultyIgdir UniversityIgdirTurkey
  2. 2.Industrial Engineering Department, Engineering FacultyIgdir UniversityIgdirTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Electric Electronic Engineering, Engineering FacultyIgdir UniversityIgdirTurkey

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