Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 31099–31110 | Cite as

Enhanced adsorption-coupled reduction of hexavalent chromium by 2D poly(m-phenylenediamine)-functionalized reduction graphene oxide

  • Linfeng Jin
  • Liyuan Chai
  • Lili Ren
  • Yuxin Jiang
  • Weichun Yang
  • Sheng Wang
  • Qi Liao
  • Haiying WangEmail author
  • Liyuan ZhangEmail author
Research Article


To improve the mass transfer efficiency of poly(m-phenylenediamine) for the effective removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)) from aqueous solution, a facile and one-step method to prepare two-dimensional poly(m-phenylenediamine) functionalized reduction graphene oxide (rGO-PmPD) by dilution polymerization is developed. The structure and morphology of rGO-PmPD as well as rGO and PmPD were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The preparation mechanism, adsorption performance, and mechanism of rGO-PmPD were then investigated in detail. The obtained rGO-PmPD exhibited thin 2D nanosheet morphology with much improved specific surface area and pore volume (18 and 25 times higher than that of PmPD, respectively). The Cr (VI) adsorption of rGO-PmPD was fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isotherm model, and the maximum adsorption capacity of rGO-PmPD reached 588.26 mg g−1, higher than that of PmPD (400 mg g−1) and rGO (156.25 mg g−1). Moreover, the regeneration efficiency of the rGO-PmPD nanosheet is also promising that the adsorption performance after five times of adsorption-desorption cycles still maintains more than 530 mg g−1. The removal mechanism involved reduction coupled with adsorption and electrostatic interaction between rGO-PmPD and Cr (VI), and ~ 65% of Cr (VI) removal was attributed to reduction and ~ 35% was ascribed to adsorption and electrostatic interaction. This study thus provides a simple and effective route to achieve high accessible surface area of adsorbent materials with enhanced mass transfer efficiency and thereafter improved adsorption performance.


Poly(m-phenylenediamine) Reduction graphene oxide Composites Hexavalent chromium Reduction Removal 



This research is financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0403003), the key project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (51634010), and Key R&D Program of Hunan Province (2018SK2026).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6175_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1506 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linfeng Jin
    • 1
  • Liyuan Chai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lili Ren
    • 1
  • Yuxin Jiang
    • 1
  • Weichun Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sheng Wang
    • 2
  • Qi Liao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Haiying Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Liyuan Zhang
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Metallurgy and EnvironmentCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Control and Treatment of Heavy Metals PollutionChangshaChina
  3. 3.Department of Colloid ChemistryMax Planck Institute of Colloids and InterfacesPotsdamGermany

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