Advertisement

Mobility of electrostatically and sterically stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in saturated porous media

  • Annika S. FjordbøgeEmail author
  • Basil Uthuppu
  • Mogens H. Jakobsen
  • Søren V. Fischer
  • Mette M. Broholm
Research Article
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

The stability of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) stabilized electrostatically with citrate or (electro)sterically by commercially available amphiphilic block copolymers (PVP-VA or PVA-COOH) was studied under various physicochemical conditions. Subsequently, the mobility of the AuNPs in porous media (sand) was investigated in column studies under environmental relevant physicochemical conditions. Electrostatically stabilized AuNPs were unstable under most physicochemical conditions due to the compression of the electrical double layer. Consequently, aggregation and deposition rapidly immobilized the AuNPs. Sterically stabilized AuNPs showed significantly less sensitivity towards changes in the physicochemical conditions with high stability, high mobility with negligible retardation, and particle deposition rate coefficients ranging an order of magnitude (1.5 × 10−3 to 1.5 × 10−2 min−1) depending on the type and amount of stabilizer, and thereby the surface coverage and attachment affinity. The transport of sterically stabilized AuNPs is facilitated by reversible deposition in shallow energy minima with continuous reentrainment and blocking of available attachment sites by deposited AuNPs. The stability and mobility of NPs in the environment will thereby be highly dependent on the specific stabilizing agent and variations in the coverage on the NP. Under the given experimental conditions, transport distances of the most mobile AuNPs of up to 20 m is expected. Due to their size-specific plasmonic properties, the easily detectable AuNPs are proposed as potential model or tracer particles for studying transport of various stabilized NPs under environmental conditions.

Keywords

Gold nanoparticles Model nanoparticles Citrate Amphiphilic block copolymers Stability Mobility 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge B.Sc. Eva Caspersen for her contribution to the laboratory work.

Funding information

This work was funded by the joint Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology and Technical University of Denmark (KAIST-DTU) signature project, INtegrated WAter Technology.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6132_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (193 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 193 kb)

References

  1. Akaighe N, Depner SW, Banerjee S, Sharma VK, Sohn M (2012) The effects of monovalent and divalent cations on the stability of silver nanoparticles formed from direct reduction of silver ions by Suwannee River humic acid/natural organic matter. Sci Total Environ 441:277–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anker JN, Hall WP, Lyandres O, Shah NC, Zhao J, Van Duyne RP (2008) Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors. Nat Mater 7:442–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baalousha M, Cornelis G, Kuhlbusch TAJ, Lynch I, Nickel C, Peijnenburg W, van den Brink NW (2016) Modeling nanomaterial fate and uptake in the environment: current knowledge and future trends. Environ Sci: Nano 3:323–345Google Scholar
  4. Becker MD, Wang Y, Pennell KD, Abriola LM (2015) A multi-constituent site blocking model for nanoparticle and stabilizing agent transport in porous media. Environ Sci: Nano 2:155–166Google Scholar
  5. Bijeljic B, Rubin S, Scher H, Berkowitz B (2011) Non-Fickian transport in porous media with bimodal structural heterogeneity. J Contam Hydrol 120-121:213–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cao G (2004) Nanostructures & nanomaterials. In: Synthesis, properties & applications. Imperial College Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Chan MY, Vikesland PJ (2014) Porous media-induced aggregation of protein-stabilized gold nanoparticles. Environ Sci Technol 48(3):1532–1540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen JY, Ko C-H, Bhattacharjee S, Elimelech M (2001) Role of spatial distribution of porous medium surface charge heterogeneity in colloid transport. Colloid Surface A 191:3–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chrysikopoulos CV, Katzourakis VE (2015) Colloid particle size-dependent dispersivity. Water Resour Res 51:4668–4683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Daniel MC, Astruc D (2004) Gold nanoparticles: assembly, supramolecular chemistry, quantum-size-related properties, and applications toward biology, catalysis, and nanotechnology. Chem Rev 104:293–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. El Hadri H, Louie SM, Hackley VA (2018) Assessing the interactions of metal nanoparticles in soil and sediment matrices – a quantitative analytical multi-technique approach. Environ Sci: Nano 5:203–214Google Scholar
  12. Elimelech M, Gregory J, Jia X, Williams RA (1995) Particle deposition and aggregation: measurement, modelling and simulation. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd:290–309Google Scholar
  13. Franchi A, O’Melia CR (2003) Effects of natural organic matter and solution chemistry on the deposition and reentrainment of colloids in porous media. Environ Sci Technol 37(6):1122–1129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. French RA, Jacobson AR, Kim B, Isley SL, Penn RL, Baveye PC (2009) Influence of ionic strength, pH, and cation valence on aggregation kinetics of titanium dioxide nanoparticles. Environ Sci Technol 43:1354–1359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fritz G, Schädler V, Willenbacher N, Wagner NJ (2002) Electrosteric stabilization of colloidal dispersions. Langmuir 18(16):6381–6390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gottschalk F, Sun TY, Nowack B (2013) Environmental concentrations of engineered nanomaterials: review of modeling and analytical studies. Environ Pollut 181:287–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grolimund D, Elimelech M, Borkovec M, Barmettler K, Kretzschmar R, Sticher H (1998) Transport of in situ mobilized colloidal particles in packed soil columns. Environ Sci Technol 32(22):3562–3569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hahn MW, Abadzic D, O’Melia CR (2004) Aquasols: on the role of secondary minima. Environ Sci Technol 38(22):5915–5924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Haiss W, Thanh NTK, Aveyard J, Fernig DG (2007) Determination of size and concentration of gold nanoparticles from UV-Vis spectra. Anal Chem 79:4215–4221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Han Y, Kim D, Hwang G, Lee B, Eom I, Kim PJ, Tong M, Kim H (2014) Aggregation and dissolution of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by different methods: influence of ionic strength and humic acid. Colloid Surface A 451:7–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harvey RW, Garabedian SP (1991) Use of colloid filtration theory in modeling movement of bacteria through a contaminated sandy aquifer. Environ Sci Technol 25(1):178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hogg R, Healy TW, Fuerstekau DW (1966) Mutual coagulation of colloidal dispersions. T Faraday Soc 62:1638–1651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hurtado RB, Calderon-Ayala G, Cortez-Valadez M, Ramírez-Rodríguez LP, Flores-Acosta M (2017) Green synthesis of metallic and carbon nanostructures. Nanomechanics, InTech.  https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.68483
  24. Hwang G, Gomez-Flores A, Bradford SA, Choi S, Jo E, Kim SB, Tong M, Kim H (2018) Analysis of stability behavior of carbon black nanoparticles in ecotoxicological media: hydrophobic and steric effects. Colloid Surface A 554:306–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jain PK, Lee KS, El-Sayed IH, El-Sayed MA (2006) Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine. J Phys Chem B 110:7238–7248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Johnson RL, Johnson GO, Nurmi JT, Tratnyek PG (2009) Natural organic matter enhanced mobility of nano zerovalent iron. Environ Sci Technol 43(14):5455–5460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kamrani S, Rezaei M, Kord M, Baalousha M (2018) Transport and retention of carbon dots (CDs) in saturated and unsaturated porous media: role of ionic strength, pH, and collector grain size. Water Res 133:338–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kasel D, Bradford SA, Šimůnek J, Heggen M, Vereecken H, Klumpp E (2013) Transport and retention of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in saturated porous media: effects of input concentration and grain size. Water Res 47:933–944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Keller AA, Lazareva A (2014) Predicted releases of engineered nanomaterials: from global to regional to local. Environ Sci Technol Lett 1:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kim C, Lee J, Lee S (2015) TiO2 nanoparticle sorption to sand in the presence of natural organic matter. Environ Earth Sci 73:5585–5591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Koczkur KM, Mourdikoudis S, Polavarapu L, Skrabalak SE (2015) Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in nanoparticle synthesis. Dalton Trans 44:17883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kumar N, Labille J, Bossa N, Auffan M, Doumenq P, Rose J, Bottero J-Y (2017) Enhanced transportability of zero valent iron nanoparticles in aquifer sediments: surface modifications, reactivity, and particle traveling distances. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:9269–9277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lee J-Y, Oh JY, Putri KY, Baik MH, Yun J-I (2017) Redox behaviors of Fe(II/III) and U(IV/VI) studied in synthetic water and KURT groundwater by potentiometry and spectroscopy. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 312:221–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Li C, Li D, Wan G, Xu J, Hou W (2011) Facile synthesis of concentrated gold nanoparticles with low size-distribution in water: temperature and pH controls. Nanoscale Res Lett 6:440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Li T, Jin Y, Huang Y, Li B, Shen C (2017) Observed Dependence of Colloid Detachment on the Concentration of Initially Attached Colloids and Collector Surface Heterogeneity in Porous Media. Environ Sci Technol 51:2811–2820Google Scholar
  36. Louie SM, Tilton RD, Lowry GV (2016) Critical review: impacts of macromolecular coatings on critical physicochemical processes controlling environmental fate of nanomaterials. Environ Sci.: Nano 3:283–310Google Scholar
  37. Lu K (2008) Theoretical analysis of colloidal interaction energy in nanoparticle suspensions. Ceram Int 34:1353–1360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Marchon D, Mantellato S, Eberhardt AB, Flatt RJ (2016) Adsorption of chemical admixtures. In: Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures, pp 219–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Metin CO, Lake LW, Miranda CR, Nguyen QP (2011) Stability of aqueous silica nanoparticle dispersions. J Nanopart Res 13:839–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Molnar IL, Johnson WP, Gerhard JI, Willson CS, O’Carroll1, D.M. (2015) Predicting colloid transport through saturated porous media: a critical review. Water Resour Res 51:6804–6845Google Scholar
  41. Montaño MD, Lowry GV, von der Kammer F, Blue J, Ranville JF (2014) Current status and future direction for examining engineered nanoparticles in natural systems. Environ Chem 11:351–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Napper DH (1983) Polymeric stabilization of colloidal dispersions. Academic Press INC (London) Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  43. Pamies R, Cifre JGH, Espín VF, Collado-González M, Banõs FGD, de la Torre JG (2014) Aggregation behaviour of gold nanoparticles in saline aqueous media. J Nanopart Res 16:2376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Park J-A, Kim S-B (2015) DLVO and XDLVO calculations for bacteriophage MS2 adhesion to iron oxide particles. J Contam Hydrol 181:131–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Park JW, Shumaker-Parry JS (2014) Structural study of citrate layers on gold nanoparticles: role of intermolecular interactions in stabilizing nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 136:1907–1921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Park CM, Heo Y, Her N, Chu KH, Jang M, Yoon Y (2016) Modeling the effects of surfactant, hardness, and natural organic matter on deposition and mobility of silver nanoparticles in saturated porous media. Water Res 103:38–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Park CM, Chu KH, Her N, Jang M, Baalousha M, Heo J, Yoon Y (2017) Occurrence and removal of engineered nanoparticles in drinking water treatment and wastewater treatment processes. Sep Purif Rev 46:255–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pavlin M, Bregar VB (2012) Stability of nanoparticle suspensions in different biologically relevant media. Dig J Nanomater Bios 7(4):1389–1400Google Scholar
  49. Peng C, Zhang W, Gao H, Li Y, Tong X, Li K, Zhu X, Wang Y, Chen Y (2017) Behavior and potential impacts of metal-based engineered nanoparticles in aquatic environments. Nanomaterials 7:21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Petosa AR, Öhl C, Rajput F, Tufenkji N (2013) Mobility of nanosized cerium dioxide and polymeric capsules in quartz and loamy sands saturated with model and natural groundwaters. Water Res 47:5889–5900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Pfeiffer C, Rehbock C, Hühn D, Carrillo-Carrion C, de Aberasturi DJ, Merk V, Barcikowski S, Parak WJ (2014) Interaction of colloidal nanoparticles with their local environment: the (ionic) nanoenvironment around nanoparticles is different from bulk and determines the physico-chemical properties of the nanoparticles. J R Soc Interface 11:20130931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Quik JTK, Vonk JA, Hansen SF, Baun A, Van De Meent D (2011) How to assess exposure of aquatic organisms to manufactured nanoparticles? Environ Int 37:1068–1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Saberinasr A, Rezaei M, Nakhaei M, Hosseini SM (2016) Transport of CMC-stabilized nZVI in saturated sand column: the effect of particle concentration and soil grain size. Water Air Soil Pollut 227:394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sagee O, Dror I, Berkowitz B (2012) Transport of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in soil. Chemosphere 88:670–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Saleh N, Kim H-J, Phenrat P, Matyjaszewski K, Tilton RD, Lowry GV (2008) Ionic strength and composition affect the mobility of surface-modified Fe0 nanoparticles in water-saturated sand columns. Environ Sci Technol 42:3349–3355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sardar R, Funston AM, Mulvaney P, Murray RW (2009) Gold nanoparticles: past, present, and future. Langmuir 25:13840–13851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Schärtl W (2010) Current directions in core–shell nanoparticle design. Nanoscale 2:829–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Smith BM, Pike DJ, Kelly MO, Nason JA (2015) Quantification of heteroaggregation between citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles and hematite colloids. Environ Sci Technol 49:12789–12797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Song JE, Phenrat T, Marinakos S, Xiao Y, Liu J, Wiesner MR, Tilton RD, Lowry GV (2011) Hydrophobic interactions increase attachment of gum Arabic- and PVP-coated Ag nanoparticles to hydrophobic surfaces. Environ Sci Technol 45:5988–5995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Stuart MAC, Mulder JW (1985) Adsorbed polymers in aqueous media the relation between zeta potential, layer thickness and ionic strength. Colloid Surf 15:49–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Sun P, Shijirbaatar A, Fang J, Owens G, Lin D, Zhang K (2015) Distinguishable transport behavior of zinc oxide nanoparticles in silica sand and soil columns. Sci Total Environ 505:189–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Surette MC, Nason JA (2016) Effects of surface coating character and interactions with natural organic matter on the colloidal stability of gold nanoparticles. Environ Sci: Nano 3:1144–1152Google Scholar
  63. Tadros TF (2007) Colloid stability: the role of surface forces, part I. Colloids and interface science series, vol 1. WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, KGaA, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  64. Tufenkji N, Elimelech M (2004) Correlation equation for predicting single-collector efficiency in physicochemical filtration in saturated porous media. Environ Sci Technol 38(2):529–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. van Genuchten MT (1981) Analytical solutions of the one-dimensional convective-dispersive solute transport equation. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. 1661, 151 p.Google Scholar
  66. van Oss CJ, Giese RF, Costanzo PM (1990) DLVO and non-DLVO interactions in hectorite. Clay Clay Miner 38(2):151–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. von der Kammer F, Ferguson PL, Holden PA, Masion A, Rogers KR, Klaine SJ, Koelmans AA, Horne N, Unrine JM (2012) Analysis of engineered nanamaterials in complex matrices (environment and biota): general considerations and conceptual case studies. Environ Toxicol Chem 31(1):32–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Worthen AJ, Tran V, Cornell KA, Truskett TM, Johnston KP (2016) Steric stabilization of nanoparticles with grafted low molecular weight ligands in highly concentrated brines including divalent ions. Soft Matter 12:2025–2039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Xu X, Xu N, Cheng X, Guo P, Chen Z, Wang D (2017) Transport and aggregation of rutile titanium dioxide nanoparticles in saturated porous media in the presence of ammonium. Chemosphere 169:9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Yang J, Xu P, Hu L, Zeng G, Chen A, He K, Huang Z, Yi H, Qin L, Wan J (2018) Effects of molecular weight fractionated humic acid on the transport and retention of quantum dots in porous media. Environ Sci: Nano 5:2699–2711Google Scholar
  71. Yao Q, Luo Z, Yuan X, Yu Y, Zhang C, Xie J, Lee JY (2014) Assembly of nanoions via electrostatic interactions: ion-like behavior of charged noble metal nanoclusters. Sci Rep 4:3848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Yecheskel Y, Dror I, Berkowitz B (2018) Silver nanoparticle (Ag-NP) retention and release in partially saturated soil: column experiments and modelling. Environ Sci: Nano 5:422–435Google Scholar
  73. Zamborini FP, Hicks JF, Murray RW (2000) Quantized double layer charging of nanoparticle films assembled using carboxylate/(Cu2+ or Zn2+)/carboxylate bridges. J Am Chem Soc 122:4514–4515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Zhou J, Ralston J, Sedev R, Beattie DA (2009) Functionalized gold nanoparticles: synthesis, structure and colloid stability. J Colloid Interface Sci 331:251–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Zuber A, Purdey M, Schartner E, Forbes C, van der Hoek B, Giles D, Abell A, Monro T, Ebendorff-Heidepriem H (2016) Detection of gold nanoparticles with different sizes using absorption and fluorescence based method. Sensors Actuators B 227:117–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Micro- and NanotechnologyTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark

Personalised recommendations