Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 26, pp 26982–26990 | Cite as

The dynamic linkage between information and communication technology, human development index, and economic growth: evidence from Asian economies

  • Jianjun Zhang
  • DanishEmail author
Research Article


This study focuses on whether information and communication technology (ICT) contributes to economic growth in countries with better human development index as compared to those with a lower index. The study uses panel data estimation methods those are robust to dependencies across countries and heterogeneity from 1990 to 2016 in developing Asian countries. The results documented that countries with better human development index and mobile phone usage promote economic growth, whereas Internet users do not seem to do so. Despite that, human development index itself is a critical factor that contributes to economic growth in Asian countries. Finally, both mobile phone usages contribute to economic growth, but Internet usage does not seem to do. These new findings recommend that whereas better human development is regarded as crucial for mobile phone usage, it appears to be inappropriate for Internet usage. An additional feature is that the study uses the most robust panel data estimation method that produces more effective and reliable estimates.


Human development index Economic growth ICT MG estimator Asian economies 



information and communication technology


sub-Saharan African


research and development


mean group


fully modified ordinary least square


dynamic ordinary least square


generalized method of moment


autoregressive distributive lag


vector autoregressive


pooled mean group


fixed effect


random effect


ordinary least square


gross domestic product


human development index




cross-sectional dependence



I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the editor in chief Philippe Garrigues and four reviewers for their useful comments and suggestions.

Funding information

This research was supported by the Projects of the National Social Science Foundation of China (No.: 15XJL006) relate to first author. In relation with corresponding author this work is also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71673063), Foreignization Project of Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (16ZD03) and Soft Science Project of Guangdong Science and Technology Department (71673063).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Economics and ManagmentXi’dian UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.School of Economics and TradeGuangdong University of Foreign StudiesGuangzhouChina

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