Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 22, pp 22656–22669 | Cite as

Highly porous carboxylated activated carbon from jute stick for removal of Pb2+ from aqueous solution

  • Md. Abdul Aziz
  • Imran Rahman Chowdhury
  • Mohammad Abu Jafar Mazumder
  • Shakhawat ChowdhuryEmail author
Research Article


Drinking water is a potential source of human exposure to lead (Pb2+), which can induce several health effects upon exposure to low dose for a long period. In particular, the children and young populations are the vulnerable groups. Removal of Pb2+ from drinking water using an inexpensive adsorbent is a challenge. In this research, activated carbon adsorbent was developed using jute stick, an agricultural by-product. Following carboxylic acid functionalization, the jute stick activated carbon (JSAC) was applied for Pb2+ removal from aqueous solution. The carboxylated JSAC (JSAC-COO) was characterized using several techniques. The surface area of the JSAC-COO was 615.3 m2/g. The JSAC-COO was tested for variable concentrations of Pb2+ (10 and 25 mg/L) at different pH (4.0 and 7.0), temperature (15 °C and 27 °C), and contact periods (1, 5, 10, 15, 30, and 60 min). Up to 99.8% removal of Pb2+ was achieved for these concentrations of Pb2+ within 15 min of contact time. The adsorption process followed standard kinetics, and the adsorption capacity was > 25.0 mg Pb2+/g of JSAC-COO. The JSAC-COO can be used for fast and easy removal of Pb2+ from aqueous solution, which has the potential for domestic and industrial applications.


Lead removal Carboxylated jute stick activated carbon Adsorbent Drinking water Domestic and industrial applications 



This work is financially supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR) at King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) through project no. RG 1409-1 & 2.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Research Excellence in Nanotechnology (CENT)King Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Chemistry DepartmentKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia

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