Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 17, pp 17512–17519 | Cite as

Phytoplankton community structure in relation to environmental factors and ecological assessment of water quality in the upper reaches of the Genhe River in the Greater Hinggan Mountains

  • Xiaoyu Li
  • Hongxian YuEmail author
  • Huibo Wang
  • Chengxue Ma
Research Article

Abstract

Phytoplankton assemblages were investigated in 2015 along the seasonal changes of the Genhe River in the Greater Hinggan Mountains. The survey was performed in June (spring), August (summer), and October (autumn) at nine sampling stations to study the community composition, abundance, and biodiversity. The results showed that 61 species belonging to 16 genera were identified, including Bacillariophyta of 31 species, Dinophyta 2 species, Cyanophyta 2 species, Chlorophyta 20 species, Chrysophyta 2 species, and Cryptophyta 1 species; Besides, Bacillariophyta are dominant species. Shannon-Wiener (H′) and Pielou (J′) indices indicated that phytoplankton community was stable. And these two indices were significantly lower in summer than in spring and autumn. Phytoplankton abundance and biomass show significant differences in each season. The total phytoplankton abundance (1122.3 × 104 ind/L) and biomass (6.5709 mg/L) in summer are much higher than that in spring and autumn. There were few species and low abundance and biomass in the upper reaches of Genhe River; this fact can be explained by the cold climate in the Greater Higgnan Mountains region. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was used to analyze the data. It revealed that Fe3+, Cu2+, pH, and water temperature (WT) were responsible for most of the variation in space in the phytoplankton community. These environmental parameters play an essential role in the community structure variation of phytoplankton in the upper reaches of Genhe River, the strong association between phytoplankton community structure and ecological factors is varied in each season.

Keywords

Greater Higgnan Mountains Genhe River Phytoplankton Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) Environmental factor 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by The National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0500406) and The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2572014EA07-04 and 2572015CA19).

References

  1. Abrantes N, Antunes SC, Pereira MJ, Gonçalves F (2006) Seasonal succession of cladocerans and phytoplankton and their interaction in a shallow eutrophic lake (Lake Vela, Portugal). Acta Oecol 29:54–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Biskaborn BK, Subetto DA, Savelieva LA, Vakhrameeva PS, Hansche A, Herzschuh U, Klemm J, Heinecke L, Pestryakova LA, Meyer H, Kuhn G, Diekmann B (2016) Late Quaternary vegetation and lake system dynamics in northeastern Siberia: implications for seasonal climate variability. Quat Sci Rev 147:406–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chappell PD, Moffett JW, Hynes AM, Webb EA (2012) Molecular evidence of iron limitation and availability in the global diazotroph Trichodesmium. The ISME journal 6(9):1728–1739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cohn SA, Farrell JF, Munro JD, Ragland RL, Weitzell RE Jr, Wibisono BL (2003) The effect of temperature and mixed species composition on diatom motility and adhesion. Diatom Research 18(2):225–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dalu T, Wassermanb RJ (2018) Cyanobacteria dynamics in a small tropical reservoir: understanding spatio-temporal variability and influence of environmental variables. Sci Total Environ 643(1):835–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. De Figueiredo DR, Reboleira ASSP, Antunes SC et al (2006) The effect of environmental parameters and cyanobacterial blooms on phytoplankton dynamics of a Portuguese temperate lake. Hydrobiologia. 568(1):145–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Deng DG, Xie P, Zhou Q, Yang H, Guo LG (2007) Studies on temporal and spatial variations of phytoplankton in Lake Chaohu. J Integr Plant Biol 49(4):409–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dokulil MT, Teubner K (2000) Cyanobacterial dominance in lakes. Hydrobiologia 438:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Duong TT, le TPQ, Dao TS, Pflugmacher S, Rochelle-Newall E, Hoang TK, Vu TN, Ho CT, Dang DK (2013) Seasonal variation of cyanobacteria and microcystins in the Nui Coc Reservoir, Northern Vietnam. J Appl Phycol 25(4):1065–1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fraser JM, Tulk SE, Jeans JA, Campbell DA, Bibby TS, Cockshutt AM (2013) Photophysiological and photosynthetic complex changes during iron starvation in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942. PLoS One 8(3):e59861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gao X, Song J (2005) Phytoplankton distributions and their relationship with the environment in the Changjiang Estuary, China. Mar Pollut Bull 50(3):327–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hu, H. J., Wei, Y. X,. (2006) The freshwater algae of China: systematics, taxonomy and ecology. Science Press, Beijing, pp 1–1023 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Hu R, Han BP, Naselli-Flores L (2013) Comparing biological classifications of freshwater phytoplankton: a case study from South China. Hydrobiologia. 701(1):219–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huang L, Jian W, Song X, Huang X, Liu S, Qian P, Wu M (2004) Species diversity and distribution for phytoplankton of the Pearl River estuary during rainy and dry seasons. Mar Pollut Bull 49(7):588–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. John DW, Jean D (1998) Use of phytolankton in large river management. J Phycol 34:741–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rondon JCD, Aragon YAA (2018) Factors driving diversity and succession of diatom assemblages in a Neotropical rainforest stream. Annales de limnologie-international journal of liminology 54:30.  https://doi.org/10.1051/limn/2018021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ke ZX, Xie P, Guo LG (2008) Controlling factors of spring–summer phytoplankton succession in Lake Taihu (Meiliang Bay, China). Hydrobiologia. 607:41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kong, F. X., 2000. Environmental Biology, Higher Education Press, Beijing, pp. 162–163(in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Lampitt RS, Wishner KF, Turley CM, Angel MV (1993) Marine snow studies in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean: distribution, composition and role as a food source for migrating plankton. Mar Biol 116(4):689–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li QH, Chen LL, Chen FF (2013) Maixi River estuary to the Baihua Reservoir in the Maotiao River catchment: phytoplankton community and environmental factors. Chin J Oceanol Limnol 31(2):290–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mischke U (2003) Cyanobacteria associations in shallow polytrophic lakes: influence of environmental factors. Acta Oecol 24:S11–S23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morabito G, Oggioni A, Caravati E, Panzani P (2007) Seasonal morphological plasticity of phytoplankton in Lago Maggiore (N. Italy). Hydrobiologia 578(1):47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Offem BO, Ayotunde EO, Ikpi GU, Ada FB, Ochang SN (2011) Plankton-based assessment of the trophic state of three tropical lakes. J Environ Prot 2(03):304–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Perumal NV, Rajkumar M, Perumal P, Rajasekar KT (2009) Seasonal variations of plankton diversity in the Kaduviyar estuary, Nagapattinam, southeast coast of India. J Environ Biol 30(6):1035–1046Google Scholar
  25. Pestryakova LA, Herzschuh U, Gorodnichev R, Wetterich S (2018) The sensitivity of diatom taxa from Yakutian lakes (north-eastern Siberia) to electrical conductivity and other environmental variables. Polar Res 37.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17518369.2018.1485625
  26. Pielou EC (1966) The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. J Theor Biol 13:131–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Pistocchi R, Mormile MA, Guerrini F, Isani G, Boni L (2000) Increased production of extra-and intracellular metal-ligands in phytoplankton exposed to copper and cadmium. J Appl Phycol 12(3):469–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Robarts R, Tamar Z (1987) Temperature effects on photosynthetic capacity, respiration, and growth rates of bloom-forming cyanobacteria. N Z J Mar Freshw Res 21(3):391–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shannon, C.E., 1948. Mathematical theory of communication. Bell Syst Tech J 27, 379–423, 623–656Google Scholar
  30. Telesh IV (2004) Plankton of the Baltic estuarine ecosystems with emphasis on Neva Estuary: a review of present knowledge and research perspectives. Mar Pollut Bull 49:206–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tian C, Hao DP, Pei HY, Doblin MA, Ren Y, Wei JL, Feng YW (2018) Phytoplankton functional groups variation and influencing factors in a shallow temperate lake. Water Environ Res 90(6):510–519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tim S, Paul AB (2003) Phytoplankton production in a large, regulated river: a modeling and mass balance assessment. Limnol Oceanogr 48:1476–1487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xu H, Zhu G, Qin B, Paerl HW (2013) Growth response of Microcystis spp. to iron enrichment in different regions of Lake Taihu, China. Hydrobiologia. 700(1):187–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yuan YX, Jiang M, Liu XT, Yu HX, Otte ML, Ma CX, Her YG (2018) Environmental variables influencing phytoplankton communities in hydrologically connected aquatic habitats in the Lake Xingkai basin. Ecol Indic 91:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhou T, Wang Z, Hu Q, Liu L, Luo K (2016) Effects of Fe2+ and Fe3+ on algal proliferation in a natural mixed algal colony in algae-rich raw water in Southern China. J Residual Sci Technol 13(1):15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoyu Li
    • 1
  • Hongxian Yu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huibo Wang
    • 1
  • Chengxue Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Wildlife ResourceNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations