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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 30, pp 30684–30692 | Cite as

Changes of Cinnamomum camphora root characteristics and soil properties under ozone stress in South China

  • Lan Pan
  • Gan-wen Lie
  • Li XueEmail author
  • Hong-yue Chen
Water Environment Protection and Contamination Treatment

Abstract

High O3 exposure affects the forest growth and soil characteristics. Although there is substantial evidence that O3 does impose a stress on forest trees, the effects of O3 on roots and soil of evergreen broad-leaved tree species in South China remain unknown. The effects of ozone (O3) fumigation on the root biomass, root morphology, root nutrient, soil physical, and chemical properties were examined in Cinnamomum camphora seedlings grown under four O3 treatments (charcoal-filtered air (CF) or O3 at 1×, 2× and 4× ambient concentration). O3 significantly decreased root biomass and root carbon (C). Regardless of O3 level, elevated O3 significantly resulted in reduced root surface area, volume, number of forks, and specific root length (SRL). The percentages of fine to total root in terms of root surface area and root volume of seedlings under the CF and 1 × O3 treatments were significantly higher than those of seedlings under the 4 × O3 treatment, indicating that high O3 level impaired the growth performance of fine roots. O3 affected root growth and structures, which increased soil bulk density and reduced soil total porosity and void ratio. The soil pH under all O3 fumigation treatments significantly increased compared with CF treatment, whereas the organic matter significantly decreased. In conclusion, although the increased O3 level enhanced root N and P under 2 and 4 × O3 treatments compared with 1 × O3 treatment as compensation mechanisms to prevent O3-induced decrease in root C gain and root functions, O3 still decreased the root biomass and root tips, and changed the soil physical and chemical properties.

Keywords

Tropospheric ozone Root biomass Root morphology Root nutrient Soil properties 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Forestry and Landscape ArchitectureSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangdong Eco-Engineering PolytechnicGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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