Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Fabrication of novel amine-functionalized magnetic silica nanoparticles for toxic metals: kinetic and isotherm modeling

  • 76 Accesses

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

In this research, an amine-functionalized magnetic silica nanosorbent was prepared using the co-precipitation technique, and this nanosorbent can be effortlessly detached using an external magnetic field. FTIR and SEM analyses identified that the nanosorbent holds extraordinary adsorption characteristics for toxic metals’ (copper, cadmium, zinc, and nickel) removal. The adsorption-affecting parameters were optimized, and the thermodynamic studies assessed that the adsorption process seemed to be spontaneous, feasible, and exothermic. The pseudo-first-order and Freundlich models perfectly fit the kinetic and equilibrium data, respectively. Langmuir monolayer capacity of the nanosorbent was analyzed using nonlinear evaluation methods such as 419.9 mg/g for copper, 321.9 mg/g for nickel, 217.3 mg/g for cadmium, and 137.6 mg/g for zinc. The used adsorbent was simply rejuvenated using the 0.2 N HCl solution subsequently with intense agitation. The result of the present research confirms that the produced nanosorbent can be effectively utilized for industrial wastewater management.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Abhishek A, Saranya N, Chandi P, Selvaraju N (2018) Studies on the remediation of chromium(VI) from simulated wastewater using novel biomass of Pinus kesiya cone. Desalin Water Treat 114:192–204 http://www.deswater.com/DWT_abstracts/vol_114/114_2018_192.pdf

  2. Al-Senani GM, Al-Fawzan FF (2018) Adsorption study of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by nanoparticle of wild herbs. Egypt J Aquat Res 44:187–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2018.07.006

  3. Anitha P, Kumar PS, Kumar KS, Ramkumar B, Ramalingam S (2015) Adsorptive removal of Pb(II) ions from polluted water by newly synthesized chitosan–polyacrylonitrile blend: Equilibrium, kinetic, mechanism and thermodynamic approach. Process Saf Environ 98:187–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2015.07.012

  4. Basha CA, Ramanathan K, Rajkumar R, Mahalakshmi M, Kumar PS (2008) Management of chromium plating rinsewater using electrochemical ion exchange. Ind Eng Chem Res 47:2279–2286. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie070163x?journalCode=iecred

  5. Castro L, Blazquez LM, Gonzalez F, Munoz JA, Ballester A (2018) Heavy metal adsorption using biogenic iron compounds. Hydrometallurgy 179:44–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2018.05.029

  6. Cegłowskia M, Gierczyka B, Frankowskia M, Popendab L (2018) A new low-cost polymeric adsorbents with polyamine chelating groups for efficient removal of heavy metal ions from water solutions. React Funct Polym 131:64–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2018.07.006

  7. Chen H, Qu X, Liu N, Wang S, Chen X, Liu S (2018) Study of the adsorption process of heavy metals cations on Kraft lignin. Chem Eng Res Des 139:248–258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2018.09.028

  8. Flores Lopez SL, Moreno Virgen MR, Montoya VH, Montes Moran MA, Gomez RT, Rangel Vazquez NA, Perez Cruz MA, Esparza Gonzalez MS (2018) Effect of an external magnetic field applied in batch adsorption systems: removal of dyes and heavy metals in binary solutions. J Mol Liq 269:450–460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.08.063

  9. Hemavathy, Kumar PS, Suganya S, Swetha V, Varjani SJ (2019) Modelling on the removal of toxic metal ions from aquatic system by different surface modified Cassia fistula seeds. Bioresour Technol 281:1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.02.070

  10. Kobielska PA, Howarth AJ, Farha OK, Nayak S (2018) Metal–organic frameworks for heavy metal removal from water. Coord Chem Rev 358:92–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccr.2017.12.010

  11. Kumar PS (2014) Adsorption of lead(II) ions from simulated wastewater using natural waste: A kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium study. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 33:55–64. https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.11750

  12. Kumar PS, Ramalingam S, Abhinaya RV, Thiruvengadaravi KV, Baskaralingam P, Sivanesan S (2011) Lead(II) adsorption onto sulphuric acid treated cashew nut shell. Sep Sci Technol 46:2436–2449. https://doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2011.590174

  13. Kumar PS, Senthamarai C, Durgadevi A (2014a) Adsorption kinetics, mechanism, isotherm, and thermodynamic analysis of copper ions onto the surface modified agricultural waste. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 33:28–37 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ep.11741

  14. Kumar VV, Sivanesan S, Cabana H (2014b) Magnetic cross-linked laccase aggregates—bioremediation tool for decolorization of distinct classes of recalcitrant dyes. Sci Total Environ 487:830–839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.04.009

  15. Kumar PS, Sivaranjanee R, Rajan PS, Saravanan A (2018) Carbon sphere: synthesis, characterization and elimination of toxic Cr(VI) ions from aquatic system. J Ind Eng Chem Res 60:307–320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2017.11.017

  16. Lee SY, Choi HJ (2018) Persimmon leaf bio-waste for adsorptive removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution. J Environ Manag 209:382–392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.12.080

  17. Liu J, Hu C, Huang Q (2019) Adsorption of Cu2+, Pb2+, and Cd2+ onto oil tea shell from water. Bioresour Technol 271:487–491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.09.040

  18. Lu L, Lin Y, Chai Q, He S, Yang S (2018) Removal of acenaphthene by biochar and raw biomass with coexisting heavy metal and phenanthrene. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 558:103–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2018.08.057

  19. Manirethan V, Rava K, Rajan R, Thaira H, Balakrishnan RM (2018) Kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the adsorption of heavy metals from aqueous solution by melanin nanopigment obtained from marine source: Pseudomonas stutzeri. J Environ Manag 214:315–324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.02.084

  20. Neeraj G, Krishnan S, Kumar PS, Shriaishvarya KV, Kumar VV (2015) Performance study on sequestration of copper ions from contaminated water using newly synthesized high effective chitosan coated magnetic nanoparticles. J Mol Liq 214:335–346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2015.11.051

  21. Paripoorani KS, Ashwin G, Vengatpriya P, Ranjitha V, Rupasree S, Kumar VV, Kumar VV (2015) Insolubilisation of inulinase on magnetite chitosan micro-particles, an easily recoverable and reusable support. J Mol Catal B Enzym 113:47–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcatb.2015.01.004

  22. Rangabhashiyam S, Balasubramanian P (2019) Characteristics, performances, equilibrium and kinetic modelling aspects of heavy metal removal using algae. Bioresour Technol 5:261–279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biteb.2018.07.009

  23. Rangabhashiyamm S, Suganya E, Lity AV, Selvaraju N (2016) Equilibrium and kinetics studies of hexavalent chromium biosorption on a novel green macroalgae Enteromorpha sp. Res Chem Intermed 42:1275–1294 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11164-015-2085-3

  24. Rathinam K, Singh SP, Arnusch CJ, Kasher R (2018) An environmentally-friendly chitosan-lysozyme biocomposite for the effective removal of dyes and heavy metals from aqueous solutions. Carbohydr Polym 199:506–515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.07.055

  25. Saravannan A, Kumar PS, Renita AA (2018) Hybrid synthesis of novel material through acid modification followed ultrasonication to improve adsorption capacity for zinc removal. J Clean Prod 172:92–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.10.109

  26. Semerjian L (2018) Removal of heavy metals (Cu, Pb) from aqueous solutions using pine (Pinus halepensis) sawdust: equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies. Environ Technol Innov 12:91–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2018.08.005

  27. SenthilKumar P, Ramalingam S, Abhinaya RV, Kirupha SD, Vidhyadevi T, Sivanesan S (2011) Adsorption equilibrium, thermodynamics, kinetics, mechanism and process design of zinc(II) ions onto cashew nut shell. Can J Chem Eng 90:973–982. https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.20588

  28. Shah LA, Khan M, Javed R, Sayed M, Khan MS, Khan A, Ullah M (2010) Superabsorbent polymer hydrogels with good thermal and mechanical properties for removal of selected heavy metal ions. J Clean Prod 201:78–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.08.035

  29. Siyal AA, Shamsuddin RS, Khan MI, Rabat NE, Zulfiqar M, Man Z, Siame J, Azizli KA (2018) A review on geopolymers as emerging materials for the adsorption of heavy metals and dyes. J Environ Manag 224:327–339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.07.046

  30. Song X, Li L, Zhou L, Chen P (2018) Magnetic thiolated/quaternized-chitosan composites design and application for various heavy metal ions removal, including cation and anion. Chem Eng Res Des 136:581–592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2018.06.025

  31. Suganya S, Kumar PS (2018) Influence of ultrasonic waves on preparation of active carbon from coffee waste for the reclamation of effluents containing Cr(VI) ions. J Ind Eng Chem Res 60:418–430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2017.11.029

  32. Wang B, Bai Z, Jiang H, Prinsen P, Luque R, Zhao S, Xuan J (2019a) Selective heavy metal removal and water purification by micro fluidically-generated chitosan microspheres: characteristics, modeling and application. J Hazard Mater 364:192–205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.10.024

  33. Wang Z, Tan K, Cai J, Hou S, Wang Y, Jiang P, Lian M (2019b) Silica oxide encapsulated natural zeolite for high efficiency removal of low concentration heavy metals in water. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Aspects 561:388–394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2018.10.065

  34. Xiao F, Cheng J, Cao W, Yang C, Chen J, Luo Z (2019) Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution using chitosan-combined magnetic biochars. J Colloid Interface Sci 540:579–584. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.01.068

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Ponnusamy Senthil Kumar.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Research highlights

1. Synthesis of effective novel nanosorbent for toxic metals.

2. Higher adsorption capacity of nanosorbent for Cu(II) ions was 419.9 mg/g.

3. Adsorption is exothermic and obeyed with Freundlich and pseudo-first-order models.

4. Adsorbent regeneration was done by using 0.2 N HCl and many adsorption/desorption cycles were carried out.

5. Scale up of the system is widely advised for industrial wastewater treatment.

Responsible editor: Tito Roberto Cadaval Jr

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Joshiba, G.J., Kumar, P.S., Christopher, F.C. et al. Fabrication of novel amine-functionalized magnetic silica nanoparticles for toxic metals: kinetic and isotherm modeling. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05186-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Toxic metals
  • Nanosorbent
  • Modeling
  • Equilibrium
  • Kinetics