Advertisement

Arsenic migration during co-processing of secondary residues from ammonium paratungstate production in cement kiln

  • Haiping Xiao
  • Jinlin Ge
  • Yu Chen
  • Zheng Peng
  • Dahai YanEmail author
  • Li Li
  • Kare Helge Karstensen
  • Christian J. Engelsen
  • Qifei Huang
Research Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

To reduce the environmental pollution caused by ammonium paratungstate (APT) production in the Ganzhou area in China, simulated experiments in laboratory and field experiments in cement kilns were performed. The migration characteristics of As in secondary residues (thermometallurgy and hydrometallurgy residues) from APT production in cement kilns were similar, and As in the residues existed in the form of sulfides. When the residues were fed at the kiln inlet, the As in the residues was completely distributed in the clinker after a new mass balance of As was reestablished in a very short time. When the residues were fed at the raw mill, the total input rate of As was far higher than the total output rate. Therefore, a part of As was circulated in the cement kiln, and only a small part of As was distributed in the clinker. In addition, the As concentration in the flue gas and the leaching concentration of As in the clinker were far below the limit value in the Chinese standard. For feeding rates below that are used in the field experiment, co-processing of secondary residues in a cement kiln fed at the kiln inlet is environmentally safe. However, if the secondary residues are consistently fed at the raw mill, the As concentration in the flue gas may gradually increase.

Keywords

Arsenic Cement kiln Ammonium paratungstate Co-processing Migration Safety assessment 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the following Sino-Norwegian project phase II: “Environmentally Sound Management of Co-processing Hazardous and Industrial Wastes in Cement Kilns in China” [CHN 2150 09/059]; the Project of National Key R&D Plan for The 13th Five-year: “Study on Environmental Assessment System of Green Building Materials Prepared by Bulk Solid Waste”; the National Key Research and Development Program of China [2017YFC0703206,2018YFB0605101].

References

  1. Chiang KY, Wang KS, Lin FL, Chu WT (1997) Chloride effects on the speciation and partitioning of heavy metal during the municipal solid waste incineration process. Sci Total Environ 203:129–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Conesa AJ, Galvez A, Mateos F, Martin-Gullon I, Font R (2008) Organic and inorganic pollutants from cement kiln stack feeding alternative fuels. J Hazard Mater 158:585–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Conesa JA, Ortuño N, Abad E, Rivera-Austrui J (2016) Emissions of PCDD/fs, PBDD/fs, dioxin like-PCBs and PAHs from a cement plant using a long-term monitoring system. Sci Total Environ 571:435–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cong J, Yan DH, Li L, Jiang XG, Zhou YG, Lyu RS, Wang Q (2014) Condensation and absorption characteristics of cement raw meal for arsenic during co-processing in cement kilns. Chin J Environ Eng 10:4456–4462Google Scholar
  5. Cong J, Yan DH, Li L, Cui JX, Jiang XG, Yu HJ, Wang Q (2015) Volatilization of heavy metals (As, Pb, Cd) during co-processing in cement kilns. Environ Eng Sci 32:425–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Deng H, Wang RS (2014) Co-processing oily sludge with cement kiln. Chin J Environ Eng 11:4949–4954Google Scholar
  7. Eckert JO, Guo Q (1998) Heavy metals in cement and cement kiln dust from kilns co-fired with hazardous waste-derived fuel: application of EPA leaching and acid-digestion procedures. J Hazard Mater 59:55–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Environmental Protection Ministry (EPM in China) (2013) Standard for pollution control on co-processing of solid wastes in cement kiln. China Environmental Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  9. Environmental Protection Ministry (EPM in China) (2015) Solid waste-determination of inorganic elements - microwave acid-soluble / inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. China Environmental Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  10. European Commission, Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) (2010a) Reference document on best available techniques in the cement and lime manufacturing industries. European Commission, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  11. European Commission, Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) (2010b) Reference document on best available techniques in the ceramic manufacturing industries. London, European CommissionGoogle Scholar
  12. Furimsky E (2000) Characterization of trace element emissions from coal combustion by equilibrium calculations. Fuel Process Technol 63:29–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Genon G, Brizio E (2008) Perspectives and limits for cement kilns as a destination for RDF. Waste Manag 28:2375–2385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guo QZ, James O, Eckert JO (1996) Heavy metal outputs from a cement kiln co-fired with hazardous waste fuels. J Hazard Mater 51:47–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guo QH, Nie XQ, Huang DD, Qu ZY, Sun KL (2015) On site monitoring of flue gas emission from dry incineration sludge in cement kiln. China Cem 02:78–80 (in chinese) Google Scholar
  16. Li DY, Lu YN (2005) On the harm of arsenic pollution in soil and its countermeasures. J Xinjiang Normal Univ (Natural Sciences Edition) 04:89–91Google Scholar
  17. Li Y, Wang H, Zhang J, Wang J, Ouyang L (2012) The industrial practice of co-processing sewage sludge in cement kiln. Procedia Environ Sci 6:628–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sarofim AF, Pershing DW, Dellinger B (1994) Emissions of metal and organic compounds from cement kilns using waste derived fuels. Hazard Waste Hazard Mater 11:169–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Siddique R, Rajor A (2012) Use of cement kiln dust in cement concrete and its leachate characteristics, resources. Conserv Recycl 61:59–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sinyoung S, Songsiriritthigul P, Asavapisit S, Kajitvichyanukul P (2011) Chromium behavior during cement-production processes: a clinkerization, hydration, and leaching study. J Hazard Mater 191:296–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stafford FN, Dias AC, Arroja L, Labrincha JA, Hotza D (2016) Life cycle assessment of the production of Portland cement: a southern Europe case study. J Clean Prod 126:159–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. State Administration of Quality Supervision Inspection and Quarantin (AQSIQ in China) (2014a) Standardization administration of China. Test methods for leachable ions of heavy metals in cement mortar. Standards Press of China, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  23. State Administration of Quality Supervision Inspection and Quarantin (AQSIQ in China) (2014b) Standardization administration of China. Technical specification for co-processing of solid waste in cement kiln. Standards Press of China, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  24. US EPA (2010) Title 40: Protection of environment, Appendix A-8 to part 60: Method 29–Determination of metals missions from stationary sourceGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang L, Jin Y, Li R, Nie Y (2011a) Stabilization of arsenic in waste during co-processing with cement kiln and leaching characteristics of clinker. Ciesc J 62:1–2Google Scholar
  26. Wang L, Jin YY, Li RD (2011b) Characteristics of arsenic migration in MSWI fly ash during co-processing with a cement kiln. Acta Sci Circumst 02:407–413Google Scholar
  27. World Business Council for Sustainable Development (2005) Guidelines for the selection and use of fuel and raw materials in the cement manufacturing process. Cement Sustainability Initiative, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  28. Yan DH, Li L, Huang QF, Cai ML, Zhang ZQ (2009) Distribution of heavy metals during co-processing hazardous wastes in new dry cement kilns. China Environ Sci 09:977–984Google Scholar
  29. Zhang J, Liu J, Li C, Jin Y, Nie Y, Li J (2009) Comparison of the fixation effects of heavy metals by cement rotary kiln co-processing and cement based solidification/stabilization. J Hazard Mater 165:1179–1185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhu HL, Deng HB, Wu CH, He XM (2010) The current comprehensive recovery technology of Tungsten slag. China Tungsten Ind 25:15–18Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy, Power and Mechanical EngineeringNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Power Design Institute Co, Ltd. of China Energy Engineering GroupNanjingChina
  3. 3.Foreign Economic Cooperation Office, Ministry of Environmental ProtectionBeijingChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF)OsloNorway

Personalised recommendations