Arsenic migration during co-processing of secondary residues from ammonium paratungstate production in cement kiln

  • Haiping Xiao
  • Jinlin Ge
  • Yu Chen
  • Zheng Peng
  • Dahai YanEmail author
  • Li Li
  • Kare Helge Karstensen
  • Christian J. Engelsen
  • Qifei Huang
Research Article


To reduce the environmental pollution caused by ammonium paratungstate (APT) production in the Ganzhou area in China, simulated experiments in laboratory and field experiments in cement kilns were performed. The migration characteristics of As in secondary residues (thermometallurgy and hydrometallurgy residues) from APT production in cement kilns were similar, and As in the residues existed in the form of sulfides. When the residues were fed at the kiln inlet, the As in the residues was completely distributed in the clinker after a new mass balance of As was reestablished in a very short time. When the residues were fed at the raw mill, the total input rate of As was far higher than the total output rate. Therefore, a part of As was circulated in the cement kiln, and only a small part of As was distributed in the clinker. In addition, the As concentration in the flue gas and the leaching concentration of As in the clinker were far below the limit value in the Chinese standard. For feeding rates below that are used in the field experiment, co-processing of secondary residues in a cement kiln fed at the kiln inlet is environmentally safe. However, if the secondary residues are consistently fed at the raw mill, the As concentration in the flue gas may gradually increase.


Arsenic Cement kiln Ammonium paratungstate Co-processing Migration Safety assessment 


Funding information

This work was supported by the following Sino-Norwegian project phase II: “Environmentally Sound Management of Co-processing Hazardous and Industrial Wastes in Cement Kilns in China” [CHN 2150 09/059]; the Project of National Key R&D Plan for The 13th Five-year: “Study on Environmental Assessment System of Green Building Materials Prepared by Bulk Solid Waste”; the National Key Research and Development Program of China [2017YFC0703206,2018YFB0605101].


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy, Power and Mechanical EngineeringNorth China Electric Power UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Power Design Institute Co, Ltd. of China Energy Engineering GroupNanjingChina
  3. 3.Foreign Economic Cooperation Office, Ministry of Environmental ProtectionBeijingChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF)OsloNorway

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