Management of green transportation: an evidence-based approach

  • Bilal Shouket
  • Khalid ZamanEmail author
  • Abdelmohsen A. Nassani
  • Abdullah Mohammed Aldakhil
  • Muhammad Moinuddin Qazi Abro
Research Article


The objective of the study is to examine the impact of air-railways transportation on environmental degradation in the form of high mass carbon emission, natural resource depletion and forest depletion in the context of Pakistan by using an annual time series data from 1975 to 2016. The results show that railway passengers carried increases carbon emissions while air-railways transportation and travel services degrade environment in the form of natural resource depletion. The study verified “pollution haven hypothesis” where trade liberalization policies increases carbon emissions; however, “population genius” principle is hold where population growth conserve natural resources and environment through affluence and technology. The study concluded that government should take serious action to re-define transportation infrastructure in order to promote environmental sustainability agenda by introducing green vehicles and green transportation system, which is imperative for country’s long-term sustainable development.


Air transportation Railways transportation Carbon dioxide emissions GDP per capita Trade openness Forest depletion Natural resource depletion Travel services Pakistan 


Funding information

The Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University funded this research group no. (RG-1436-037).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bilal Shouket
    • 1
  • Khalid Zaman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdelmohsen A. Nassani
    • 2
  • Abdullah Mohammed Aldakhil
    • 2
  • Muhammad Moinuddin Qazi Abro
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of WahWah CanttPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Management, College of Business AdministrationKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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