Immobilization of Pb from mine sediments in metakaolin-based geomaterials
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The aims of this study correspond to (i) determine the feasibility of synthesize geomaterial from two main Pb-contaminated mining sediments (Sed1 and Sed2) without prior activation in substitution to metakaolin (MK), (ii) understand the mechanisms involved toward two types of silicate solution (Na and K one), and (iii) to evaluate the change in the Pb metallic element speciation and leaching after alkali treatment. The raw material as well as consolidated material were characterized by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, and electron microscopy. The mechanical properties were evaluated, and the leaching behavior realized according to EN12457-2. The results evidence the limit of mining sediment incorporation by substitution near 50% whatever the sediments and the alkaline solution used. There is no difference in the mechanical properties up to 10% substitution then decrease with the increase of sediment content. The Pb-bearing phases are dissolved during alkaline treatment and redistributed in the geomaterial matrix. Finally, the leaching experiments clearly evidenced the possibility to stabilize Pb into MK-based geomaterial matrix up to 25–30% weight of mine waste.
KeywordsMetakaolin-based geomaterial Mine waste Sediments Immobilization Pb
The authors would like to thank the Limousin Regional Council for their financial support.
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