Treatment of wastewater from petroleum industry: current practices and perspectives

  • Sunita VarjaniEmail author
  • Rutu Joshi
  • Vijay Kumar Srivastava
  • Huu Hao Ngo
  • Wenshan Guo
Sustainable Industrial and Environmental Bioprocesses


Petroleum industry is one of the fastest growing industries, and it significantly contributes to economic growth in developing countries like India. The wastewater from a petroleum industry consist a wide variety of pollutants like petroleum hydrocarbons, mercaptans, oil and grease, phenol, ammonia, sulfide, and other organic compounds. All these compounds are present as very complex form in discharged water of petroleum industry, which are harmful for environment directly or indirectly. Some of the techniques used to treat oily waste/wastewater are membrane technology, photocatalytic degradation, advanced oxidation process, electrochemical catalysis, etc. In this review paper, we aim to discuss past and present scenario of using various treatment technologies for treatment of petroleum industry waste/wastewater. The treatment of petroleum industry wastewater involves physical, chemical, and biological processes. This review also provides scientific literature on knowledge gaps and future research directions to evaluate the effect(s) of various treatment technologies available.


Petroleum hydrocarbons Membrane technology Photocatalytic degradation Waste biorefinery Resource recovery 



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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gujarat Pollution Control BoardGandhinagarIndia
  2. 2.School of Biological Sciences and BiotechnologyIndian Institute of Advanced ResearchGandhinagarIndia
  3. 3.Sankalchand Patel VidyadhamSankalchand Patel UniversityVisnagarIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Technology in Water and Wastewater, School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Technology SydneySydneyAustralia

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