Effect of phosphate and silicate on selenite uptake and phloem-mediated transport in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

  • Mengke Wang
  • Wenxiao Yang
  • Fei Zhou
  • Zekun Du
  • Mingyue Xue
  • Tao Chen
  • Dongli LiangEmail author
Research Article


The ambiguous mechanism that selenite seems to be absorbed by roots via phosphorus (P) and silicon (Si) transporters signifies P and Si may affect selenite uptake. However, the role of P and Si in phloem-mediated selenium (Se) transport within plant tissue is unknown. Therefore, in this work, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedlings were exposed to selenite under different hydroponic conditions firstly. And then, split-root experiments were conducted. Results showed that Se uptake decreased as external pH increased. At pH 8, more selenite in the form of SeO32− was assimilated under P-deficient conditions than under P-normal conditions. Silicate inhibited Se uptake only at pH 3 (27.5% H2SeO3 +72.5% HSeO3). The results of split-root experiments showed that Se concentrations in seedlings increased under heterogeneously high P or Si. Selenium transport from shoots to roots immersed in solution without selenite was also enhanced. This study illustrated that the affinity of tomato roots to assimilate selenite species followed the order of H2SeO3 >HSeO3 >SeO32−. H2SeO3 was absorbed into roots via Si transporters, whereas HSeO3 and a portion of SeO32− were absorbed via low- and high-affinity P transporters, respectively. In addition, heterogeneously high P or Si concentrations in environmental media could enhance phloem-mediated Se redistribution.


Heterogeneous nutrition High-affinity P transporter Hydroenselenite (HSeO3Phloem-based redistribution Selenic acid (H2SeO3Selenite ion (SeO32−


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 41571454, to D.L. Liang).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mengke Wang
    • 1
  • Wenxiao Yang
    • 1
  • Fei Zhou
    • 1
  • Zekun Du
    • 1
  • Mingyue Xue
    • 1
  • Tao Chen
    • 1
  • Dongli Liang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Natural Resources and EnvironmentNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and the Agri-environment in Northwest ChinaMinistry of AgricultureYanglingChina

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