Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 13, pp 13366–13380 | Cite as

Induction of nuclear abnormalities in herring (Clupea harengus membras), flounder (Platichthys flesus), and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) collected from the southern part of the Gotland Basin—the Baltic Sea (2010–2017)

  • Roberta Valskienė
  • Janina Baršienė
  • Laura Butrimavičienė
  • Janina Pažusienė
  • Wlodzimierz Grygiel
  • Milda StankevičiūtėEmail author
  • Aleksandras Rybakovas
Research Article


Eight nuclear abnormalities of genotoxicity and cytotoxicity were studied in peripheral blood erythrocytes of herring (Clupea harengus membras), flounder (Platichthys flesus), and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) sampled (2010–2017) from the Polish and the Lithuanian Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) in the Baltic Sea. At all study stations, total genotoxicity (∑Gentox) was found to be higher than total cytotoxicity (∑Cytox). A significant time-related decrease in genotoxicity was detected in the Lithuanian EEZ (2015–2017), while in the Polish EEZ (2014–2016), the opposite tendency was revealed. The highest ∑Gentox and ∑Cytox values recorded in fish sampled at the study stations located relatively close to each other clearly indicate an increased environmental genotoxicity and cytotoxicity pressure for fish in these areas. Exceptionally high and high-level genotoxicity risks to herring followed by those to flounder and cod were determined at a higher percentage of the stations studied.


Genotoxicity Cytotoxicity Oil extraction Risk assessment Marine fish 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Thomas Lang ((Thűnen Institute of Fisheries Ecology, Cuxhaven, Germany) for collecting samples from station B09 (December 2011, December 2012, September 2013) during the RV Walther Herwig III cruises.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of EcologyNature Research CentreVilniusLithuania
  2. 2.National Marine Fisheries Research InstituteGdyniaPoland

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