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Recycling of lignocellulosic waste as vermicompost using earthworm Eisenia fetida

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Abstract

Present study aimed to evaluate the vermicomposting of lignocellulosic wastes employing Eisenia fetida earthworms. The study examined the effectiveness of vermicomposting for 105 days by mixing lignocellulosic waste (LW) with cattle manure (CM) in five different proportions. Results revealed that TOC and C/N ratio decreased gradually till end and in vermicomposts varied between 268–320 g/kg and 12.26–16.85, respectively. Nutrient content (NPK) in the vermicomposts increased with time in all the mixtures. Heavy metals’ content also increased in vermicomposts and benefit ratio for heavy metals ranged between 0.06 and 5.1. Increase in earthworm biomass (22.38–39.64 g) and reproduction (21.27–31.60 hatchlings/worm) was also satisfactory in all the waste mixtures. Based on results, it can be inferred that lignocellulosic waste can successfully be converted into good quality manure employing earthworms.

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Funding

One of the authors Kavita Sharma is thankful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi (India), for providing financial assistance in the form of Post Doctoral Fellowship (Women Scientist).

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Correspondence to Vinod Kumar Garg.

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Sharma, K., Garg, V.K. Recycling of lignocellulosic waste as vermicompost using earthworm Eisenia fetida. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 14024–14035 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04639-8

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Keywords

  • Leaf litter
  • Recycling
  • Vermicompost
  • Heavy metal
  • Maturity
  • E. fetida