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Aluminium foil dampened the adverse effect of 2100 MHz mobile phone–induced radiation on the blood parameters and myocardium in rats

Abstract

Mobile phones emit a radiofrequency radiation (RFR) that might have adverse health effects. We aimed to investigate the possible protective effects of aluminium foil (AF) as a physical shield against the RFR from mobile phones on the blood parameters and the myocardium in rats. The effects of whole body 2100 MHz with 0.84–1.86 W/kg of SAR, 4 h/day for 30 days Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)-RFR exposure for 4 h/day for 30 days on blood parameters (i.e. haemoglobin, leucocytes, thrombocytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, white blood cell differential count, corticosterone, CKMB), and the histology of myocardium were investigated. Three-month-old male rats (n = 32) were studied and randomised equally in the following four groups: K1 (non-AF non-RFR control), K2 (AF non-RFR control), P1 (non-AF RFR-exposed), P2 (AF RFR-exposed). Data were analysed with level of significance of p < 0.05. In P1, lower leucocytes and neutrophils counts with high corticosterone levels were found compared with the control groups, whilst a significantly higher CKMB was observed compared with P2 (p = 0.034). Lower cardiomyocyte counts congruent to the area fraction of the non-fibrotic myocardium were observed in P1 compared with the other groups (p < 0.01). AF might decrease the inflammatory-oxidative stress on rodent’s blood cells and myocardium induced by the exposures of radiofrequency radiation of the mobile phones.

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Acknowledgements

Thank you to all colleagues and The Head of Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Special appreciation to I. Farindra, D. Krismashogi, and E. Rambung for help and supports.

Funding

This study was funded by Universitas Airlangga.

Author information

Correspondence to Viskasari P. Kalanjati.

Ethics declarations

This study was approved by the Komite Etik Penelitian Kesehatan (Ethic Committee on Health Research) of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga (No. 141/EC/KEPK/FKUA/2018).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Kalanjati, V.P., Purwantari, K.E. & Prasetiowati, L. Aluminium foil dampened the adverse effect of 2100 MHz mobile phone–induced radiation on the blood parameters and myocardium in rats. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 11686–11689 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04601-8

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Keywords

  • Electromagnetics
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Haematology
  • Oxidative stress
  • Pollutant