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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 12, pp 12025–12041 | Cite as

Seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton in response to environmental variables in contrasting coastal ecosystems

  • Suchismita Srichandan
  • Sanjiba Kumar BaliarsinghEmail author
  • Satya Prakash
  • Aneesh A. Lotliker
  • Chandanlal Parida
  • Kali Charan Sahu
Research Article

Abstract

Seasonal distribution of phytoplankton community and size structure was assessed in three different tropical ecosystems of the western Bay of Bengal viz. estuary (Mahanadi), lagoon (Chilika), and coastal waters (off Gopalpur) in response to ambient hydrobiology. Salinity regimes differentiated the study regions as contrasting ecosystems irrespective of seasons (pre-monsoon, monsoon, post-monsoon). Taxonomic account revealed a total no of 175, 65, and 101 phytoplankton species in the estuary, lagoon, and coastal waters, respectively. Prevalence of marine, brackish, and fresh water types in the coastal waters, lagoon, and estuary, respectively, characterized the contrasting nature of the study regions in hosting the phytoplankton community. In general, phytoplankton abundance was observed in increasing order of coastal waters > estuary > lagoon during post-monsoon and pre-monsoon, while lagoon > coastal waters > estuary during monsoon. Bacillariophyta dominated the phytoplankton community in the estuary and coastal waters during all the seasons. In contrast, the lagoon exhibited a diverse array of phytoplankton group such as cyanophyta, dinophyta, and bacillariophyta during monsoon, post-monsoon, and pre-monsoon, respectively. Over the seasons, microphytoplankton emerged as the dominant phytoplankton size class in the coastal waters. Diversely, nanophytoplankton contributed to major fraction of chlorophyll-a concentration in the estuary and lagoon. Interestingly, pre-monsoon dinophyta bloom (causative species: Noctiluca scintillans with cell density 9 × 104 cells·l−1) and monsoon bacillariophyta bloom (causative species: Asterionellopsis glacialis 5.02 × 104 cells·l−1) resulted decline in species diversity. Multivariate statistical analysis deciphered salinity as a major environmental player in determining the distribution, diversity, and composition of phytoplankton communities in the three contrasting environments. Trophic state indices signified the lagoon and estuary as hypereutrophic during all season. The coastal water was marked as highly eutrophic through trophic state index during monsoon and pre-monsoon.

Keywords

Phytoplankton Bloom Water Quality Trophic State Index Chilika Lagoon Mahanadi Estuary Bay of Bengal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Director, Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad, for the encouragement. The first author extends thanks to DST-SERB (Govt. of India) for awarding National Post Doctoral Fellowship (award no. PDF/2016/002087). This is INCOIS contribution no. 334.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4569_MOESM1_ESM.docx (63 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 63 kb).

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian National Centre for Ocean Information ServicesHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Marine SciencesBerhampur UniversityBerhampurIndia

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