Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 10457–10486 | Cite as

Recent electrochemical methods in electrochemical degradation of halogenated organics: a review

  • Meng Zhang
  • Qin Shi
  • Xiaozhe Song
  • Hui WangEmail author
  • Zhaoyong BianEmail author
Review Article


Halogenated organics are widely used in modern industry, agriculture, and medicine, and their large-scale emissions have led to soil and water pollution. Electrochemical methods are attractive and promising techniques for wastewater treatment and have been developed for degradation of halogenated organic pollutants under mild conditions. Electrochemical techniques are classified according to main reaction pathways: (i) electrochemical reduction, in which cleavage of C-X (X = F, Cl, Br, I) bonds to release halide ions and produce non-halogenated and non-toxic organics and (ii) electrochemical oxidation, in which halogenated organics are degraded by electrogenerated oxidants. The electrode material is crucial to the degradation efficiency of an electrochemical process. Much research has therefore been devoted to developing appropriate electrode materials for practical applications. This paper reviews recent developments in electrode materials for electrochemical degradation of halogenated organics. And at the end of this paper, the characteristics of new combination methods, such as photocatalysis, nanofiltration, and the use of biochemical method, are discussed.


Halogenated organics Electrochemical reduction Electrochemical oxidation Combined techniques Photoelectrochemistry Electrode materials 


Funding information

This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2016ZCQ03), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 8172035), the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFC1802500), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21872009).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringBeijing Forestry UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Water SciencesBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringGuangxi University for NationalitiesNanningPeople’s Republic of China

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