Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 11410–11426 | Cite as

Development of magnetic porous coordination polymer adsorbent for the removal and preconcentration of Pb(II) from environmental water samples

  • Aisha Mohammed Al’Abri
  • Sharifah MohamadEmail author
  • Siti Nadiah Abdul Halim
  • Nor Kartini Abu Bakar
Research Article


A novel porous coordination polymer adsorbent (BTCA-P-Cu-CP) based on a piperazine(P) as a ligand and 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) as a linker was synthesized and magnetized to form magnetic porous coordination polymer (BTCA-P-Cu-MCP). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), field emission scanning electron microscope(FESEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDS), CHN, and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller(BET) analysis were used to characterize the synthesized adsorbent. BTCA-P-Cu-MCP was used for removal and preconcentration of Pb(II) ions from environmental water samples prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometry(FAAS) analysis. The maximum adsorption capacity of BTCA-P-Cu-MCP was 582 mg g−1. Adsorption isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic parameters were investigated for Pb(II) ions adsorption. Magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) method was used for preconcentration of Pb(II) ions and the parameters influencing the preconcentration process have been examined. The linearity range of proposed method was 0.1–100 μg L−1 with a preconcentration factor of 100. The limits of detection and limits of quantification for lead were 0.03 μg L−1 and 0.11 μg L−1, respectively. The intra-day (n = 7) and inter-day (n = 3) relative standard deviations (RSDs) were 1.54 and 3.43% respectively. The recoveries from 94.75 ± 4 to 100.93 ± 1.9% were obtained for rapid extraction of trace levels of Pb(II) ions in different water samples. The results showed that the BTCA-P-Cu-MCP was steady and effective adsorbent for the decontamination and preconcentration of lead ions from the aqueous environment.


Magnetic coordination polymer Magnetic solid phase extraction Lead Adsorption 



The authors appreciate Dr. Hamid Rashid Nodeh, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, for his valuable contribution in revised manuscript.

Funding information

The authors would like to thank the University of Malaya for the financial support through the IPPP grant (PG292-2016A, RP020A-16SUS and RG381-17AFR).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aisha Mohammed Al’Abri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sharifah Mohamad
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Siti Nadiah Abdul Halim
    • 1
  • Nor Kartini Abu Bakar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Ministry of Education Sultanate of OmanMuscatOman
  3. 3.University Malaya Centre for Ionic Liquids (UMCiL)University Malaya Kuala LumpurKuala LumpurMalaysia

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