Beneficial influences of pelelith and dicyandiamide on gaseous emissions and the fungal community during sewage sludge composting
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Reducing the emissions of NH3 and greenhouse gases (GHGs) during composting is essential for improving compost quality and controlling environmental pollution. This paper investigates the effects of pelelith (P) combined with dicyandiamide (DCD) on gaseous emissions and the fungal community diversity during sewage sludge (SS) composting. Results showed that the P and P + DCD treatments decreased the cumulative gaseous emissions by 41% and 22% for NH3, 21% and 34% for N2O, and 31.5% and 33.0% for CH4, respectively. The evolution of the fungal community analysis showed that Ascomycota and unclassified fungi dominated during the thermophilic stage, while only Ascomycota was the dominant fungal phylum during the maturity stage, composing 62%, 66%, and 73% of the total fungal community in the control, P, and P + DCD, respectively. The P and P + DCD significantly increased the fungal community richness at the genus level. Fungal community abundance was found to be significantly related to temperature, pH, organic matter, and total Kjeldahl nitrogen, which also influence the gaseous emissions during SS composting. It suggested that the combined addition of pelelith and dicyandiamide (DCD) was an effective method for reducing the emissions of NH3 and greenhouse gases during SS composting.
KeywordsComposting Pelelith Dicyandiamide NH3 Greenhouse gases Fungal community
Financial support for this investigation was provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (41805123, 51508167, and 41807327), the Key Research Project of Colleges and Universities for Education Department of Henan Province (17A610006 and 17B610006), and Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province of China (182300410153).
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