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Removal efficiency of As(V) and Sb(III) in contaminated neutral drainage by Fe-loaded biochar

  • Iuliana Laura Calugaru
  • Carmen Mihaela NeculitaEmail author
  • Thomas Genty
  • Gérald J. Zagury
Research Article

Abstract

Performance of raw and two Fe-loaded biochars, produced either by evaporation (E-product, 26.9% Fe) or precipitation (P-product, 12.6% Fe), was evaluated in batch and column testing for As(V) and Sb(III) removal from contaminated neutral drainage (CND). Batch testing results showed that sorption capacity of the E-product tripled for As(V) and quintupled for Sb(III), whereas for the P-product, it doubled for both contaminants, relative to the raw biochar. Moreover, As(V) removal by the E-product reached 90% in less than 8 h, for initial concentrations up to 50 mg/L. In column testing, the E-product efficiently treated the influent [pH 6; 1 mg/L As(V)] for more than 286 days. The pH of the final effluent was within the legally allowed limits (6–9.5) while less than 0.3 mg/L Fe leached out. Based on these findings, Fe-loaded biochar by evaporation (E-product) seems promising for As(V) treatment in CND.

Keywords

Neutral mine drainage Sorption Fe-loaded biochar Batch and column testing 

Notes

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4381_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1165 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute on Mines and Environment (RIME)University of Quebec in Abitibi-Temiscamingue (UQAT)Rouyn-NorandaCanada
  2. 2.Centre Technologique des Résidus Industriels (CTRI)Rouyn-NorandaCanada
  3. 3.RIME, Department of Civil Geological, and Mining EngineeringPolytechnique MontréalMontrealCanada

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