Criteria and aldehyde emissions from a diesel Euro V engine using diesel/biodiesel blends in Brazil

  • Harlen Feijó Bório
  • Renato Penteado
  • Luiz Carlos Daemme
  • Ricardo Godoi
  • Marcelo R. Errera
  • Sergio Machado CorrêaEmail author
Research Article


The Brazilian legislation does not establish limits or methodology for the measurement of aldehydes in the exhaust of heavy diesel engines. No conclusive studies on aldehyde emissions by such engines have been found in the literature available. This work measured the aldehyde emissions from a P7 diesel cycle engine (EURO V), which was tested on an engine test bench according to ETC (European Transient Cycle) and ESC (European Stationary Cycle) cycles using fuels with 5, 7 and 20% v/v of biodiesel and 10 and 500 ppm of sulphur. The results showed that biodiesel participation in the mixture did not significantly affect the aldehyde emissions of the tested engine and that the emission level generated in the ETC cycle is higher than that obtained with the ESC cycle. The diesel content in the blend was weakly and negatively correlated with the pollutant emissions, and the inverse pattern was observed for biodiesel. This finding indicates that an increase in biodiesel content causes a slight increase in pollutant emissions. Regarding the sulphur content, positive correlations between the sulphur content and particulate matter, NOx, CO and total hydrocarbon emissions were observed. When comparing the test cycles, the results were significantly different, with higher values for the ETC cycle.


Aldehydes Emission Diesel Biodiesel Sulphur 



The authors acknowledge the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT), the Brazilian National Council for Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq), law 8010, and the staff members of the Lactec Automotive Laboratory (LEME) for providing support for this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institutos LactecParanáBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Rio de Janeiro State UniversityResendeBrazil

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