Advertisement

Effect of hydrogen addition on performance, emission, and combustion characteristics of Deccan hemp oil and its methyl ester–fuelled CI engine

  • Kamalakannan JayaramanEmail author
  • Geetha Narayanasamy Babu
  • Gopinath Dhandapani
  • Edwin Geo Varuvel
Research Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

A vegetable oil–fueled diesel engine operation is characterized by low brake thermal efficiency and relatively high smoke emission. Conversion of vegetable oil to biodiesel results in slight improvement in efficiency and smoke emission, but the values are not comparable with diesel. In this work, a single-cylinder diesel engine’s performance is evaluated by inducting hydrogen in small quantities in the intake manifold along with Deccan hemp oil (DHO) and its methyl ester (DHOME) as the pilot fuel. The tests were conducted at part-load and full-load conditions at an engine speed of 1500 rpm. Results indicate an increase in brake thermal efficiency from 29.7 to 32.6% and from 27.3 to 29.6% at full load with hydrogen-induced DHOME and DHO engine operation. Unburned-hydrocarbon emissions, carbon monoxide emission, and smoke emission reduced for both the fuels. However, NOx levels increased for the two fuels because hydrogen induction causes high combustion rates and high temperature in the combustion chamber. Hydrogen induction leads to high premixed combustion resulting in high peak pressures.

Keywords

Deccan hemp oil Hydrogen Dual fuel Diesel engine 

Notes

References

  1. Avinash A (2003) Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines. Prog Energy Combust Sci 33:233–271Google Scholar
  2. Babu AK, Devaradjane G (2003) Vegetable oils and their derivatives as fuels for CI engines: an overview, SAE Paper No. 2003-01-2003:406–19Google Scholar
  3. Balasubramanian KR, Anand R, Venkatesh B, Kannan GR, Sivapirakasam SP (2012) Study on performance and emission characteristics of di diesel engine fuelled with Deccan hemp methyl ester, Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Nov. 9–12 Houston Texas, USA, 77–89Google Scholar
  4. Barik D, Murugan S (2016) Experimental investigation on the behavior of a DI diesel engine fueled with raw biogas–diesel dual fuel at different injection timing. J Energy Inst 89:373–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boopathy D, Sonthalia A, Devanand S (2017) Experimental investigations on the effect of hydrogen induction on performance and emission behaviour of a single cylinder diesel engine fuelled with palm oil methyl ester and its blend with diesel. J Eng Sci Technol 12:1972–1987Google Scholar
  6. Bose KP, Maji D (2009) An experimental investigation on engine performance and emissions of a single cylinder diesel engine using hydrogen as inducted fuel and diesel as injected fuel with exhaust gas recirculation. Int J Hydrog Energy 34:4847–4854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dhole AE, Yarasu RB, Lata DB, Priyam A (2014) Effect on performance and emissions of a dual fuel diesel engine using hydrogen and producer gas as secondary fuels. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:8087–8089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geo VE, Nagarajan G, Nagalingam B (2008) Studies on dual fuel operation of rubber seed oil and its bio-diesel with hydrogen as the inducted fuel. Int J Hydrog Energy 33:6357–6367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Guan C, Cheung CS, Ning Z, Wong PK, Huang Z (2017) Comparison on the effect of using diesel fuel and waste cooking oil biodiesel as pilot fuels on the combustion, performance and emissions of a LPG-fumigated compression-ignition engine. Appl Therm Eng 125:1260–1271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hebbal OD, Reddy KV, Rajagopal K (2006) Performance characteristics of a diesel engine with deccan hemp oil. Fuel 85:2187–2194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Igbokwe JO, Nwafor OMI (2016) Performance characteristics of palm kernel biodiesel and its blend in a CI engine. Int J Ambient Energy 37:103–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kalam MA, Masjuki HH (2004) Emissions and deposit characteristics of a small diesel engine when operated onpreheated crude palm oil. Biomass Bioenergy 27:289–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kim KS (1995) Combustion characteristics of intake port injection type hydrogen fueled engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 20:217–322Google Scholar
  14. Kose H, Ciniviz M (2013) An experimental investigation of effect on diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions of addition at dual fuel mode of hydrogen. Fuel Process Technol 114:26–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar MS, Jaikumar M (2007) Studies on the effect of hydrogen induction on performance, emission and combustion behaviour of a WCO emulsion based dual fuel engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:18440–18450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kumar MS, Ramesh A, Nagalingam B (2003) Use of hydrogen to enhance the performance of a vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 28:1143–1154Google Scholar
  17. Lin CY, Lin HA (2007) Engine performance and emission characteristics of a three phase emulsion of biodiesel produced by peroxidation. Fuel Process Technol 88:35–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lin BF, Huang JH, Huang DY (2009) Experimental study of the effects of vegetable oil methyl ester on DI diesel engine performance characteristics and pollutant emissions. Fuel 88:1779–1785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lu H, Liu Y, Zhou H, Yang Y, Chen M, Liang B (2009) Production of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas L. oil. Comput Chem Eng 33:1091–1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nabi MN, Akhter MS, Shahadat MMZ (2006) Improvement of engine emissions with conventional diesel fuel and diesel–biodiesel blends. Bioresour Technol 97:372–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nabi MN, Hoque SMN, Akhter MS (2009) Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) biodiesel production in Bangladesh, characterization of karanja biodiesel and its effect on diesel emissions. Fuel Process Technol 90:1080–1086CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rakopoulos CD, Antonopoulos KA, Rakopoulos DC, Hountalas DT, Giakoumis EG (2006) Comparative performance and emissions study of a direct injection diesel engine using blends of diesel fuel with vegetable oils or bio-diesels of various origins. Energy Convers Manag 47:3272–3287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ramadhas AS, Jayaraj S, Muraleedharan C (2005) Characterization and effect of using rubber seed oil as fuel in the compression ignition engine. Int J Renew Energy 30:795–803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ravichandra D, Puli RK, Chadramohan VP, Geo VE (2017) Experimental analysis of deccan hemp oil as a new energy feedstock for compression ignition engine. Int J Ambient Energy:1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1421572
  25. Sandalci T, Karagoz Y (2014) Experimental investigation of the combustion characteristics, emissions and performance of hydrogen port fuel injection in a diesel engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:18480–18489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Saravanan N, Nagarajan G, Dhanasekaran C, Kalaiselvan KM (2007a) Experimental investigation of hydrogen fuel injection in DI dual fuel diesel engine, SAE Paper No. 2007-01-1465Google Scholar
  27. Saravanan N, Nagarajan G, Dhanasekaran C, Kalaiselvan KM (2007b) Experimental investigation of hydrogen port fuel injection in DI diesel engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 32:4071–4080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Senthil kumar M, Ramesh R, Nagalingam B (2001) Investigations on the use of jatropha oil and its methyl ester as a fuel in a compression ignition engine. J Inst Energy 74:24–28Google Scholar
  29. Shehata MS (2013) Emissions, performance and cylinder pressure of diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel fuel. Fuel 112:513–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vávra J, Bortel I, Takáts M, Diviš M (2017) Emissions and performance of diesel–natural gas dual-fuel engine operated with stoichiometric mixture. Fuel 208:722–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yi HS, Min K, Kim ES (2000) The optimized mixture formation for hydrogen fuelled engine. Int J Hydrog Energy 25:685–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zaher FA, El-Noamany HM, Megahed OA, Abdallah RI (2016) Esters of rice bran oil with short chain alcohols as alternative fuel for diesel engines. Egypt J Pet 25:247–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kamalakannan Jayaraman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Geetha Narayanasamy Babu
    • 2
  • Gopinath Dhandapani
    • 1
  • Edwin Geo Varuvel
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGKM College of Engineering and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMeenakshi College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Automobile EngineeringSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyKattankulathurIndia

Personalised recommendations