Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 11140–11152 | Cite as

Sodium dodecyl sulfate-coated-cationized agroforestry residue as adsorbent for benzene-adsorptive sequestration from aqueous solution

  • Helen Kong
  • Norasikin Saman
  • Pei Nee Tee
  • Siew Chin Cheu
  • Shiow Tien Song
  • Khairiraihanna Johari
  • Jimmy Wei Ping Lye
  • Mohd Azizi Che Yunus
  • Hanapi MatEmail author
Research Article


The aim of this work is to convert agroforestry residue to a novel adsorbent (M-1CTA-SDS-BT) used for adsorptive benzene sequestration from aqueous solution. In this study, the anionic surfactant-coated-cationized banana trunk was synthesized and characterized for batch adsorption of benzene from aqueous solution. The surface morphology, surface chemistry, surface area, and pore properties of the synthesized adsorbents were examined. It was proven that surface cationization successfully increased the benzene adsorption capacity of sodium dodecyl sulfate-coated adsorbents. The Langmuir isotherm model satisfactorily described the equilibrium adsorption data. The maximum benzene adsorption capacity (qmax) of 468.19 μmol/g was attained. The kinetic data followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic model in which the rate-limiting step was proven to be the film diffusion. The batch-adsorbent regeneration results indicated that the M-1CTA-SDS-BT could withstand at least five adsorption/desorption cycles without drastic adsorption capacity reduction. The findings demonstrated the adsorptive potential of agroforestry-based adsorbent as a natural and cheap material for benzene removal from contaminated water.


Agroforestry residue Anionic surfactant Cationization Adsorbent characterization Benzene Adsorption 



The financial support of the Research University Grant (GUP Grant Nos. 00H63and 06H85), the Ph.D. scholarship from the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and UTM Post-Doctoral Fellowship Scheme (PDRU 04E09 and 04E29) awarded to Helen Kong and Norasikin Saman are gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4248_MOESM1_ESM.docx (128 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 128 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Kong
    • 1
  • Norasikin Saman
    • 2
  • Pei Nee Tee
    • 2
  • Siew Chin Cheu
    • 2
  • Shiow Tien Song
    • 2
  • Khairiraihanna Johari
    • 3
  • Jimmy Wei Ping Lye
    • 2
  • Mohd Azizi Che Yunus
    • 1
  • Hanapi Mat
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre of Lipids Engineering & Applied Research (CLEAR), Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial ResearchUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Laboratory, School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi PetronasPerakMalaysia
  4. 4.Advanced Materials and Separation Technologies (AMSET) Research Group, Health and Wellness Research AllianceUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia

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