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Organic micropollutants’ distribution within sludge organic matter fractions explains their dynamic during sewage sludge anaerobic digestion followed by composting

  • Quentin Aemig
  • Nicolas Doussiet
  • Alice Danel
  • Nadine Delgenès
  • Julie Jimenez
  • Sabine Houot
  • Dominique PatureauEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

The simultaneous fate of organic matter and 4 endocrine disruptors (3 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (fluoranthene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, and benzo(a)pyrene) and nonylphenols (NP)) was studied during the anaerobic digestion followed by composting of sludge at lab-scale. Sludge organic matter was characterized, thanks to chemical fractionation and 3D fluorescence deciphering its accessibility and biodegradability. Total chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal was 41% and 56% during anaerobic digestion and composting, respectively. 3D fluorescence highlighted the quality changes of organic matter. During continuous anaerobic digestion, organic micropollutants’ removal was 22 ± 14%, 6 ± 5%, 18 ± 9%, and 0% for fluoranthene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, and nonylphenols, respectively. Discontinuous composting allowed to go further on the organic micropollutants’ removal as 34 ± 8%, 31 ± 20%, 38 ± 10%, and 52 ± 6% of fluoranthene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, and nonylphenols were dissipated, respectively. Moreover, the accessibility of PAH and NP expressed by their presence in the various sludge organic matter fractions and its evolution during both treatments was linked to both the quality evolution of the organic matter and the physicochemical properties of the PAH and NP; the presence in most accessible fractions explained the amount of PAH and NP dissipated.

Keywords

Anaerobic digestion Composting Organic matter Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Nonylphenols Accessibility 

Abbreviations

ASE

Accelerated solvent extraction

BaP

Benzo(a)pyrene

BbF

Benzo(b)fluoranthene

COD

Chemical oxygen demand (gO2 L−1)

CSTR

Continuous stirred tank reactor

DSS

Digested secondary sludge

EU

European Union

Flt

Fluoranthene

GW

Green wastes

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

HRT

Hydraulic retention time

IM

Initial mixture of compost

Mat

End of the maturation phase of compost

NEOM

Non-extractable organic matter

NP

Nonylphenols

PAHs

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PEOM

Poorly extractable organic matter

REOM

Readily extractable organic matter

SEOM

Slowly extractable organic matter

SPOM

Solubilizable fraction from particulate organic matter

SS

Secondary sludge

TD

End of the temperature decrease phase of compost

Th

End of the thermophilic phase of compost

TS

Total solids (g L−1)

WWTP

Wastewater treatment plant

Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, Z6, and Z7

3D fluorescence zones

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) and the French National Agency for Biodiversity (AFB).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_4014_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 24 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Quentin Aemig
    • 1
  • Nicolas Doussiet
    • 1
  • Alice Danel
    • 1
  • Nadine Delgenès
    • 1
  • Julie Jimenez
    • 1
  • Sabine Houot
    • 2
  • Dominique Patureau
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.LBE, Univ Montpellier, INRANarbonneFrance
  2. 2.UMR ECOSYS, INRA, AgroParisTechUniversité Paris-SaclayThiverval-GrignonFrance

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