Advertisement

Application of polyaniline-based adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater—a review

  • Abu NasarEmail author
  • Fouzia Mashkoor
Review Article
  • 65 Downloads

Abstract

Several industries release varying concentration of dye-laden effluent with substantial negative consequences for any receiving environmental compartment. The control of water pollution and tighter restriction on wastewater discharge directly into the environment to reduce the potential ecotoxicological effect of dyes is forcing processors to retreat and reuse process water and chemicals. Among the different available technologies, the adsorption process has been recognized to be one of the finest and cost-effective wastewater treatment technologies. Various adsorbents have been utilized to remove toxic dyes from water and wastewater. Here, we review the application of polyaniline-based polymeric adsorbent for the adsorption of dyes which have been received considerable attention. To date, various modifications of polyaniline have been explored to improve the adsorption properties. Review on the application of polyaniline for adsorption of dyes has not been present till date. This article provides relevant literature on the application of various polyaniline composites for removing dyes, and their adsorption capacities with their experimental conditions have been compiled. It is evident from the literature survey that polyaniline provides a better opportunity for scientists for the effective removal of various dye.

Keywords

Dyes Dye pollution Polyaniline Adsorbents Wastewater treatment Dye removal 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Chairman, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University for providing necessary laboratory facilities.

References

  1. Abbasian M, Jaymand M, Niroomand P, Farnoudian-Habibi A, Karaj-Abad SG (2017) Grafting of aniline derivatives onto chitosan and their applications for removal of reactive dyes from industrial effluents. Int J Biol Macromol 95:393–403.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.075 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abidi N, Duplay J, Jada A, Baltenweck R, Errais E, Semhi K, Trabelsi-Ayadi M (2017) Toward the understanding of the treatment of textile industries’ effluents by clay: adsorption of anionic dye on kaolinite. Arab J Geosci 10:373.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-017-3161-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adegoke KA, Bello OS (2015) Dye sequestration using agricultural wastes as adsorbents. Water Resour Ind 12:8–24.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wri.2015.09.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Agarwal S, Sadegh H, Monajjemi M, Hamdy AS, Ali GAM, Memar AOH, Shahryari-ghoshekandi R, Tyagi I, Gupta VK (2016a) Efficient removal of toxic bromothymol blue and methylene blue from wastewater by polyvinyl alcohol. J Mol Liq 218:191–197.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.02.060 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Agarwal S, Tyagi I, Gupta VK, Golbaz F, Golikand AN, Moradi O (2016b) Synthesis and characteristics of polyaniline/zirconium oxide conductive nanocomposite for dye adsorption application. J Mol Liq 218:494–498.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.02.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ai L, Jiang J, Zhang R (2010) Uniform polyaniline microspheres: a novel adsorbent for dye removal from aqueous solution. Synth Met 160:762–767.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2010.01.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Arami M, Limaee NY, Mahmoodi NM, Tabrizi NS (2005) Removal of dyes from colored textile wastewater by orange peel adsorbent: equilibrium and kinetic studies. J Colloid Interface Sci 288:371–376.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.03.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ahmed MN, Ram RN (1992) Removal of basic dye from waste-water using silica as adsorbent. Environ Pollut 77:79–86.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0269-7491(92)90161-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ahmed MB, Zhou JL, Ngo HH, Guo W, Thomaidis NS, Xu J (2017) Progress in the biological and chemical treatment technologies for emerging contaminant removal from wastewater: a critical review. J Hazard Mater 323:274–298.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.04.045 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ahuti S (2015) Industrial growth and environmental degredation. Int Educ Res J 1:5–7Google Scholar
  11. Al-Ghouti M, Khraisheh MAM, Ahmad MNM, Allen S (2005) Thermodynamic behaviour and the effect of temperature on the removal of dyes from aqueous solution using modified diatomite: a kinetic study. J Colloid Interface Sci 287:6–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.02.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Aljeboree AM (2016) Adsorption of crystal violet dye by Fugas Sawdust from aqueous solution. Int J ChemTech Res 9:412–423Google Scholar
  13. Allen SJ, Gan Q, Matthews R, Johnson PA (2005) Mass transfer processes in the adsorption of basic dyes by peanut hulls. Ind Eng Chem Res 44:1942–1949.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie0489507 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Alver E, Metin AÜ (2012) Anionic dye removal from aqueous solutions using modified zeolite: adsorption kinetics and isotherm studies. Chem Eng J 200–202:59–67.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.06.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Amela K, Hassen MA, Kerroum D (2012) Isotherm and kinetics study of biosorption of cationic dye onto banana peel. Energy Procedia 19:286–295.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2012.05.208 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Amit Sonune RG (2004) Developments in wastewater treatment methods. Desalination 167:55–63.  https://doi.org/10.1016/3.desal.2004.06.113 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Anastopoulos I, Bhatnagar A, Hameed BH, Ok YS, Omirou M (2017a) A review on waste-derived adsorbents from sugar industry for pollutant removal in water and wastewater. J Mol Liq 240:179–188.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.05.063 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Anastopoulos I, Karamesouti M, Mitropoulos AC, Kyzas GZ (2017b) A review for coffee adsorbents. J Mol Liq 229:555–565.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.12.096 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Aniagor CO, Menkiti MC (2018) Kinetics and mechanistic description of adsorptive uptake of crystal violet dye by lignified elephant grass complexed isolate. J Environ Chem Eng 6:2105–2118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.01.070 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Argun ME, Güclü D, Karatas M (2014) Adsorption of Reactive Blue 114 dye by using a new adsorbent: pomelo peel. J Ind Eng Chem 20:1079–1084.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.06.045 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Armağan B, Turan M, Ęlik MS (2004) Equilibrium studies on the adsorption of reactive azo dyes into zeolite. Desalination 170:33–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2004.02.091 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ayad MM, El-Nasr AA (2010) Adsorption of cationic dye (methylene blue) from water using polyaniline nanotubes base. J Phys Chem C 114:14377–14383.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp103780w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ayad MM, El-Nasr A (2012) Anionic dye (acid green 25) adsorption from water by using polyaniline nanotubes salt/silica composite. J Nanostructure Chem 3:3.  https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-8865-3-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ayad M, Zaghlol S (2012) Nanostructured crosslinked polyaniline with high surface area: Synthesis, characterization and adsorption for organic dye. Chem Eng J 204–206:79–86.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.07.102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ayad MM, Abu El-Nasr A, Stejskal J (2012) Kinetics and isotherm studies of methylene blue adsorption onto polyaniline nanotubes base/silica composite. J Ind Eng Chem 18:1964–1969.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2012.05.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ayazi Z, Khoshhesab ZM, Azhar FF, Mohajeri Z (2017) Modeling and optimization of adsorption removal of Reactive Orange 13 on the alginate-montmorillonite-polyaniline nanocomposite via response surface methodology. J Chin Chem Soc 64:627–639.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jccs.201600876 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. B. Wankhede Y, B. Kondawar S, R. Thakare S, S. More P (2013) Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles embedded in polyaniline nanocomposite. Adv Mater Lett 4:89–93.  https://doi.org/10.5185/amlett.2013.icnano.108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Banerjee S, Dubey S, Gautam RK, Chattopadhyaya MC, Sharma YC (2017) Adsorption characteristics of alumina nanoparticles for the removal of hazardous dye, Orange G from aqueous solutions. Arab J Chem.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2016.12.016
  29. Bée A, Obeid L, Mbolantenaina R, Welschbillig M, Talbot D (2017) Magnetic chitosan/clay beads: a magsorbent for the removal of cationic dye from water. J Magn Magn Mater 421:59–64.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.07.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ben Arfi R, Karoui S, Mougin K, Ghorbal A (2017) Adsorptive removal of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solution by utilizing almond shell as bioadsorbent. Euro-Mediterranean J Environ Integr 2:20.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41207-017-0032-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Bhatnagar A, Jain AK (2005) A comparative adsorption study with different industrial wastes as adsorbents for the removal of cationic dyes from water. J Colloid Interface Sci 281:49–55.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.08.076 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Bhaumik M, McCrindle R, Maity A (2013) Efficient removal of Congo red from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto interconnected polypyrrole–polyaniline nanofibres. Chem Eng J 228:506–515.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.05.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Bhaumik M, McCrindle RI, Maity A et al (2016) Polyaniline nanofibers as highly effective re-usable adsorbent for removal of reactive black 5 from aqueous solutions. J Colloid Interface Sci 466:442–451.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2015.12.056 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Boeva ZA, Sergeyev VG (2014) Polyaniline: synthesis, properties, and application. Polym Sci Ser C 56:144–153.  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1811238214010032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Cai Z, Sun Y, Liu W, Pan F, Sun P, Fu J (2017) An overview of nanomaterials applied for removing dyes from wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:15882–15904.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9003-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Chakraborty S, Chowdhury S, Das SP (2012) Adsorption of crystal violet from aqueous solution onto sugarcane bagasse: central composite design for optimization of process variables. J Water Reuse Desalin 2:55–65.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wrd.2012.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Chang B, Guan D, Tian Y et al (2013) Convenient synthesis of porous carbon nanospheres with tunable pore structure and excellent adsorption capacity. J Hazard Mater 262:256–264.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2013.08.054 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Chang B, Shi W, Guan D, Wang Y, Zhou B, Dong X (2014) Hollow porous carbon sphere prepared by a facile activation method and its rapid phenol removal. Mater Lett 126:13–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2014.03.177 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Chang B, Guo Y, Li Y, Yin H, Zhang S, Yang B, Dong X (2015) Graphitized hierarchical porous carbon nanospheres: simultaneous activation/graphitization and superior supercapacitance performance. J Mater Chem A 3:9565–9577.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5TA00867K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Chang B, Sun L, Shi W, Zhang S, Yang B (2018) Cost-efficient strategy for sustainable cross-linked microporous carbon bead with satisfactory CO2 capture capacity. ACS Omega 3:5563–5573.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.7b02056 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Chatterjee S, Lee DS, Lee MW, Woo SH (2009) Nitrate removal from aqueous solutions by cross-linked chitosan beads conditioned with sodium bisulfate. J Hazard Mater 166:508–513.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.045 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Cherniwchan J (2012) Economic growth, industrialization, and the environment. Resour Energy Econ 34:442–467.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2012.04.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Chieng HI, Lim LBL, Priyantha N, Tennakoon DTB (2013) Sorption characteristics of peat of Brunei Darussalam III: equilibrium and kinetics studies on adsorption of crystal violet (CV). Int J Earth Sci Eng 6:791–801Google Scholar
  44. Chowdhury S, Chakraborty S, Das SP (2013) Response surface optimization of a dynamic dye adsorption process: a case study of crystal violet adsorption onto NaOH-modified rice husk. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:1698–1705.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0989-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Crini G, Badot P-M (2008) Application of chitosan, a natural aminopolysaccharide, for dye removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption processes using batch studies: a review of recent literature. Prog Polym Sci 33:399–447.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2007.11.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Crini G, Peindy H, Gimbert F, Robert C (2007) Removal of C.I. Basic Green 4 (Malachite Green) from aqueous solutions by adsorption using cyclodextrin-based adsorbent: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Sep Purif Technol 53:97–110.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2006.06.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. de Azevedo ACN, Vaz MG, Gomes RF, Pereira AGB, Fajardo AR, Rodrigues FHA (2017) Starch/rice husk ash based superabsorbent composite: high methylene blue removal efficiency. Iran Polym J 26:93–105.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13726-016-0500-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Debrassi A, Baccarin T, Demarchi CA, Nedelko N, Ślawska-Waniewska A, Dłużewski P, Bilska M, Rodrigues CA (2012) Adsorption of Remazol Red 198 onto magnetic N-lauryl chitosan particles: equilibrium, kinetics, reuse and factorial design. Environ Sci Pollut Res 19:1594–1604.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-011-0662-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Deshannavar UB, Ratnamala GM, Kalburgi PB, el-Harbawi M, Agarwal A, Shet M, Teli M, Bhandare P (2016) Optimization, kinetic and equilibrium studies of disperse yellow 22 dye removal from aqueous solutions using Malaysian teak wood sawdust as adsorbent. Indian Chem Eng 58:12–28.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00194506.2014.987831 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Dhanavel S, Nivethaa EAK, Dhanapal K, Gupta VK, Narayanan V, Stephen A (2016) α-MoO3 /polyaniline composite for effective scavenging of Rhodamine B, Congo red and textile dye effluent. RSC Adv 6:28871–28886.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA02576E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Didehban K, Hayasi M, Kermajani F (2017) Removal of anionic dyes from aqueous solutions using polyacrylamide and polyacrylic acid hydrogels. Korean J Chem Eng 34:1177–1186.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-017-0010-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Djelloul C, Hamdaoui O (2014) Removal of cationic dye from aqueous solution using melon peel as nonconventional low-cost sorbent. Desalin Water Treat 52:7701–7710.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.833555 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Djilali Y, Elandaloussi EH, Aziz A, de Ménorval L-C (2016) Alkaline treatment of timber sawdust: a straightforward route toward effective low-cost adsorbent for the enhanced removal of basic dyes from aqueous solutions. J Saudi. Chem Soc 20:S241–S249.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jscs.2012.10.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. do Nascimento GE, Duarte MMMB, Campos NF et al (2014) Adsorption of azo dyes using peanut hull and orange peel: a comparative study. Environ Technol 35:1436–1453.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2013.870234 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Doulati Ardejani F, Badii K, Limaee NY, Shafaei SZ, Mirhabibi AR (2008) Adsorption of Direct Red 80 dye from aqueous solution onto almond shells: effect of pH, initial concentration and shell type. J Hazard Mater 151:730–737.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.06.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Farghali AA, Bahgat M, El Rouby WMA, Khedr MH (2012) Decoration of MWCNTs with CoFe2O4 nanoparticles for methylene blue dye adsorption. J Solut Chem 41:2209–2225.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10953-012-9934-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Fathi MR, Asfaram A, Farhangi A (2015) Removal of Direct Red 23 from aqueous solution using corn stalks: isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamic studies. Spectrochim Acta Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 135:364–372.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.07.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Feng J, Hou Y, Wang X, Quan W, Zhang J, Wang Y, Li L (2016) In-depth study on adsorption and photocatalytic performance of novel reduced graphene oxide-ZnFe2O4 -polyaniline composites. J Alloys Compd 681:157–166.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.04.146 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Fideles RA, Ferreira GMD, Teodoro FS, Adarme OFH, da Silva LHM, Gil LF, Gurgel LVA (2018) Trimellitated sugarcane bagasse: a versatile adsorbent for removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solution. Part I: Batch adsorption in a monocomponent system. J Colloid Interface Sci 515:172–188.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2018.01.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Forgacs E, Cserháti T, Oros G (2004) Removal of synthetic dyes from wastewaters: a review. Environ Int 30:953–971.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2004.02.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Foroughi-Dahr M, Abolghasemi H, Esmaili M, Shojamoradi A, Fatoorehchi H (2015) Adsorption characteristics of Congo red from aqueous solution onto tea waste. Chem Eng Commun 202:181–193.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2013.836633 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Franca AS, Oliveira LS, Ferreira ME (2009) Kinetics and equilibrium studies of methylene blue adsorption by spent coffee grounds. Desalination 249:267–272.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2008.11.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Gadigayya Mavinkattimath R, Shetty Kodialbail V, Govindan S (2017) Simultaneous adsorption of Remazol brilliant blue and Disperse orange dyes on red mud and isotherms for the mixed dye system. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:18912–18925.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9278-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Gallo-Cordova A, del Mar Silva-Gordillo M, Muñoz GA et al (2017) Comparison of the adsorption capacity of organic compounds present in produced water with commercially obtained walnut shell and residual biomass. J Environ Chem Eng 5:4041–4050.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.07.052 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Gao H, Song Z, Zhang W, Yang X, Wang X, Wang D (2017a) Synthesis of highly effective absorbents with waste quenching blast furnace slag to remove Methyl Orange from aqueous solution. J Environ Sci 53:68–77.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2016.05.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Gao M, Ma Q, Lin Q, Chang J, Ma H (2017b) A novel approach to extract SiO2 from fly ash and its considerable adsorption properties. Mater Des 116:666–675.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2016.12.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Garg V (2004) Basic dye (methylene blue) removal from simulated wastewater by adsorption using Indian Rosewood sawdust: a timber industry waste. Dyes Pigments 63:243–250.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.03.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Georgin J, Marques BS, Peres EC, Allasia D, Dotto GL (2018) Biosorption of cationic dyes by Pará chestnut husk ( Bertholletia excelsa ). Water Sci Technol 77:1612–1621.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2018.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Ghosh D, Bhattacharyya KG (2002) Adsorption of methylene blue on kaolinite. Appl Clay Sci 20:295–300.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-1317(01)00081-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Gogate PR, Pandit AB (2004) A review of imperative technologies for wastewater treatment I: oxidation technologies at ambient conditions. Adv Environ Res 8:501–551.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1093-0191(03)00032-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Gopal N, Asaithambi M, Sivakumar P, Sivakumar V (2014) Adsorption studies of a direct dye using polyaniline coated activated carbon prepared from Prosopis juliflora. J Water. Process Eng 2:87–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2014.05.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Gülen J, Akın B, Özgür M (2016) Ultrasonic-assisted adsorption of methylene blue on sumac leaves. Desalin Water Treat 57:9286–9295.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1029002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Guo X, Fei GT, Su H, De ZL (2011) Synthesis of polyaniline micro/nanospheres by a copper(ii)-catalyzed self-assembly method with superior adsorption capacity of organic dye from aqueous solution. J Mater Chem 21:8618.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c0jm04489j CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Gupta VK, Mohan D, Sharma S, Sharma M (2000) Removal of basic dyes (rhodamine B and methylene blue) from aqueous solutions using bagasse fly ash. Sep Sci Technol 35:2097–2113.  https://doi.org/10.1081/SS-100102091 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Gupta VK, Gupta B, Rastogi A et al (2011) A comparative investigation on adsorption performances of mesoporous activated carbon prepared from waste rubber tire and activated carbon for a hazardous azo dye—Acid Blue 113. J Hazard Mater 186:891–901.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.091 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Gupta VK, Pathania D, Kothiyal NC, Sharma G (2014) Polyaniline zirconium (IV) silicophosphate nanocomposite for remediation of methylene blue dye from waste water. J Mol Liq 190:139–145.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2013.10.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Gürses A, Açıkyıldız M, Güneş K, Gürses MS (2016) Classification of dye and pigments. In: Dyes and pigments. SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. Springer, Cham, pp 31–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Habiba U, Siddique TA, Joo TC, Salleh A, Ang BC, Afifi AM (2017) Synthesis of chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol/zeolite composite for removal of methyl orange, Congo red and chromium(VI) by flocculation/adsorption. Carbohydr Polym 157:1568–1576.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.11.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Hai TN (2017) Comments on Effect of Temperature on the Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye onto Sulfuric Acid–Treated Orange Peel. Chem Eng Commun 204:134–139.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2016.1245185 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Haldorai Y, Shim J-J (2014) An efficient removal of methyl orange dye from aqueous solution by adsorption onto chitosan/MgO composite: a novel reusable adsorbent. Appl Surf Sci 292:447–453.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.11.158 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Hameed BH, Ahmad AA (2009) Batch adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by garlic peel, an agricultural waste biomass. J Hazard Mater 164:870–875.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.08.084 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Han R, Ding D, Xu Y, Zou W, Wang Y, Li Y, Zou L (2008) Use of rice husk for the adsorption of congo red from aqueous solution in column mode. Bioresour Technol 99:2938–2946.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Hao R, Zhu Y, Wang X, Chen L (2017) A recyclable β-cyclodextrins-based supramolecular adsorbent for removal of organic dyes. J Appl Polym Sci 134:45084.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.45084 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Hou X-X, Deng Q-F, Ren T-Z, Yuan Z-Y (2013) Adsorption of Cu2+ and methyl orange from aqueous solutions by activated carbons of corncob-derived char wastes. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:8521–8534.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1792-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Humelnicu I, Băiceanu A, Ignat M-E, Dulman V (2017) The removal of Basic Blue 41 textile dye from aqueous solution by adsorption onto natural zeolitic tuff: kinetics and thermodynamics. Process Saf Environ Prot 105:274–287.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2016.11.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Jadhav JP, Kalyani DC, Telke AA, Phugare SS, Govindwar SP (2010) Evaluation of the efficacy of a bacterial consortium for the removal of color, reduction of heavy metals, and toxicity from textile dye effluent. Bioresour Technol 101:165–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.08.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Jain AK, Gupta VK, Bhatnagar A, Suhas (2003) A comparative study of adsorbents prepared from industrial wastes for removal of dyes. Sep Sci Technol 38:463–481.  https://doi.org/10.1081/SS-120016585 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Janaki V, Oh B-T, Shanthi K, Lee KJ, Ramasamy AK, Kamala-Kannan S (2012a) Polyaniline/chitosan composite: an eco-friendly polymer for enhanced removal of dyes from aqueous solution. Synth Met 162:974–980.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2012.04.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Janaki V, Vijayaraghavan K, Oh B-T, Lee KJ, Muthuchelian K, Ramasamy AK, Kamala-Kannan S (2012b) Starch/polyaniline nanocomposite for enhanced removal of reactive dyes from synthetic effluent. Carbohydr Polym 90:1437–1444.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.07.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Jarup L (2003) Hazards of heavy metal contamination. Br Med Bull 68:167–182.  https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldg032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Javadian H, Angaji MT, Naushad M (2014) Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline/$γ$-alumina nanocomposite: a comparative study for the adsorption of three different anionic dyes. J Ind Eng Chem 20:3890–3900.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.12.095 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Jayasantha Kumari H, Krishnamoorthy P, Arumugam TK, Radhakrishnan S, Vasudevan D (2017) An efficient removal of crystal violet dye from waste water by adsorption onto TLAC/Chitosan composite: a novel low cost adsorbent. Int J Biol Macromol 96:324–333.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.077 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Jiang Y, Liu Z, Zeng G, Liu Y, Shao B, Li Z, Liu Y, Zhang W, He Q (2018) Polyaniline-based adsorbents for removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution: a mini review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:6158–6174.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-1188-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Kannusamy P, Sivalingam T (2013) Synthesis of porous chitosan–polyaniline/ZnO hybrid composite and application for removal of reactive orange 16 dye. Colloids Surf B: Biointerfaces 108:229–238.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.03.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Kanwal F, Rehman R, Bakhsh IQ (2018) Batch wise sorptive amputation of diamond green dye from aqueous medium by novel Polyaniline- Alstonia scholaris leaves composite in ecofriendly way. J Clean Prod 196:350–357.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.056 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Kar D, Sur P, Mandai SK, Saha T, Kole RK (2008) Assessment of heavy metal pollution in surface water. Int J Environ Sci Technol 5:119–124.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03326004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Kavitha D, Namasivayam C (2007) Experimental and kinetic studies on methylene blue adsorption by coir pith carbon. Bioresour Technol 98:14–21.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.12.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Krysztafkiewicz A, Binkowski S, Jesionowski T (2002) Adsorption of dyes on a silica surface. Appl Surf Sci 199:31–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(02)00248-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Kurniawan TA, Chan GYS, Lo W-H, Babel S (2006) Physico–chemical treatment techniques for wastewater laden with heavy metals. Chem Eng J 118:83–98.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.01.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Kyzas GZ, Lazaridis NK, Mitropoulos AC (2012) Removal of dyes from aqueous solutions with untreated coffee residues as potential low-cost adsorbents: equilibrium, reuse and thermodynamic approach. Chem Eng J 189–190:148–159.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.02.045 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Laabd M, Chafai H, Aarab N, el Jaouhari A, Bazzaoui M, Kabli H, Eljazouli H, Albourine A (2016) Polyaniline films for efficient removal of aromatic acids from water. Environ Chem Lett 14:395–400.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-016-0569-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Lafi R, ben Fradj A, Hafiane A, Hameed BH (2014) Coffee waste as potential adsorbent for the removal of basic dyes from aqueous solution. Korean J Chem Eng 31:2198–2206.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-014-0171-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Lee J-W, Choi S-P, Thiruvenkatachari R, Shim WG, Moon H (2006) Evaluation of the performance of adsorption and coagulation processes for the maximum removal of reactive dyes. Dyes Pigments 69:196–203.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2005.03.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Lee LY, Gan S, Yin Tan MS, Lim SS, Lee XJ, Lam YF (2016) Effective removal of Acid Blue 113 dye using overripe Cucumis sativus peel as an eco-friendly biosorbent from agricultural residue. J Clean Prod 113:194–203.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.11.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Li W, Xue F, Cheng R (2007) Synthesis, characterization and swelling properties of a chemically cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogel. Front Chem China 2:188–192.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11458-007-0038-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Li J, Huang Y, Shao D (2015) Conjugated polymer-based composites for water purification. In: Saini P (ed) Fundamentals of conjugated polymer blends, copolymers and composites: synthesis, properties, and applications. Scrivener, pp 581–620Google Scholar
  107. Liang Y, He Y, Zhang Y, Zhu Q (2018) Adsorption property of alizarin red S by NiFe2O4 /polyaniline magnetic composite. J Environ Chem Eng 6:416–425.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2017.12.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Lyu W, Yu M, Feng J, Yan W (2018) Highly crystalline polyaniline nanofibers coating with low-cost biomass for easy separation and high efficient removal of anionic dye ARG from aqueous solution. Appl Surf Sci 458:413–424.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.07.074 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Mahanta D, Madras G, Radhakrishnan S, Patil S (2008) Adsorption of sulfonated dyes by polyaniline emeraldine salt and its kinetics. J Phys Chem B 112:10153–10157.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp803903x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Mahmoodi NM (2013) Nickel ferrite nanoparticle: synthesis, modification by surfactant and dye removal ability. Water Air Soil Pollut 224:1419.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-012-1419-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Mahmoud ME, Saad EA, El-Khatib AM et al (2018) Green solid synthesis of polyaniline-silver oxide nanocomposite for the adsorptive removal of ionic divalent species of Zn/Co and their radioactive isotopes 65Zn/ 60Co. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:22120–22135.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2284-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Mahto TK, Chowdhuri AR, Sahu SK (2014) Polyaniline-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles for the removal of toxic dye from wastewater. J Appl Polym Sci 131:n/a–n/a.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.40840 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Malik DS, Jain CK, Yadav AK (2017) Removal of heavy metals from emerging cellulosic low-cost adsorbents: a review. Appl Water Sci 7:2113–2136.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-016-0401-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Mane VS, Deo Mall I, Chandra Srivastava V (2007) Kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies for the adsorptive removal of Brilliant Green dye from aqueous solution by rice husk ash. J Environ Manag 84:390–400.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.06.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Marrakchi F, Bouaziz M, Hameed BH (2017) Adsorption of acid blue 29 and methylene blue on mesoporous K2CO3 -activated olive pomace boiler ash. Colloids Surfaces A Physicochem Eng Asp 535:157–165.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2017.09.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Mashkoor F, Nasar A (2019) Preparation, characterization and adsorption studies of the chemically modified Luffa aegyptica peel as a potential adsorbent for the removal of malachite green from aqueous solution. J Mol Liq 274:315–327.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.10.119 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Mashkoor F, Nasar A, Inamuddin, Asiri AM (2018) Exploring the reusability of synthetically contaminated wastewater containing crystal violet dye using Tectona grandis sawdust as a very low-cost adsorbent. Sci Rep 8:8314.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26655-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Menkiti MC, Aniagor CO, Agu CM, Ugonabo VI (2018) Effective adsorption of crystal violet dye from an aqueous solution using lignin-rich isolate from elephant grass. Water Conserv Sci Eng 3:33–46.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41101-017-0040-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Meshko V, Markovska L, Mincheva M, Rodrigues AE (2001) Adsorption of basic dyes on granular acivated carbon and natural zeolite. Water Res 35:3357–3366.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00056-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Mittal A, Mittal J, Malviya A, Kaur D, Gupta VK (2010) Adsorption of hazardous dye crystal violet from wastewater by waste materials. J Colloid Interface Sci 343:463–473.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2009.11.060 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Mittal A, Teotia M, Soni RK, Mittal J (2016) Applications of egg shell and egg shell membrane as adsorbents: a review. J Mol Liq 223:376–387.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.08.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Mohammadi Nodeh MK, Gabris MA, Rashidi Nodeh H, Esmaeili Bidhendi M (2018) Efficient removal of arsenic(III) from aqueous media using magnetic polyaniline-doped strontium–titanium nanocomposite. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:16864–16874.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1870-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Mohan D, Singh KP, Singh G, Kumar K (2002) Removal of dyes from wastewater using flyash, a low-cost adsorbent. Ind Eng Chem Res 41:3688–3695.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie010667+ CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Morones JR, Elechiguerra JL, Camacho A, Holt K, Kouri JB, Ramírez JT, Yacaman MJ (2005) The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology 16:2346–2353.  https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Mu B, Tang J, Zhang L, Wang A (2016) Preparation, characterization and application on dye adsorption of a well-defined two-dimensional superparamagnetic clay/polyaniline/Fe3O4 nanocomposite. Appl Clay Sci 132–133:7–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2016.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Munagapati VS, Yarramuthi V, Kim Y, Lee KM, Kim DS (2018) Removal of anionic dyes (Reactive Black 5 and Congo Red) from aqueous solutions using Banana Peel Powder as an adsorbent. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 148:601–607.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.10.075 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Namasivayam C, Arasi DJSE (1997) Removal of congo red from wastewater by adsorption onto waste red mud. Chemosphere 34:401–417.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(96)00385-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Namasivayam C, Kavitha D (2002) Removal of Congo Red from water by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from coir pith, an agricultural solid waste. Dye Pigment 54:47–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0143-7208(02)00025-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Namasivayam C, Sumithra S (2005) Removal of direct red 12B and methylene blue from water by adsorption onto Fe (III)/Cr (III) hydroxide, an industrial solid waste. J Environ Manag 74:207–215.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.08.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Nasar A (2018) Polyaniline (PANI) Based composites for the adsorptive treatment of polluted water. In: Nasar A (ed) Smart polymers and composites. Materials Research Forum LLC, pp 41–64Google Scholar
  131. Nasar A, Shakoor S (2017) Remediation of dyes from industrial wastewater using low-cost adsorbents. In: Inamuddin, Al-Ahmed A (eds) Applications of adsorption and ion exchange chromatography in waste water treatment. Materials Research Forum LLC, Millersville, pp 1–33Google Scholar
  132. Neelgund GM, Hrehorova E, Joyce M, Bliznyuk V (2008) Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline derivative and silver nanoparticle composites. Polym Int 57:1083–1089.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.2445 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Nethaji S, Sivasamy A, Kumar RV, Mandal AB (2013) Preparation of char from lotus seed biomass and the exploration of its dye removal capacity through batch and column adsorption studies. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:3670–3678.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1267-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Ngulube T, Gumbo JR, Masindi V, Maity A (2017) An update on synthetic dyes adsorption onto clay based minerals: a state-of-art review. J Environ Manag 191:35–57.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.12.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Olad A, Azhar FF, Shargh M, Jharfi S (2014) Application of response surface methodology for modeling of reactive dye removal from solution using starch-montmorillonite/polyaniline nanocomposite. Polym Eng Sci 54:1595–1607.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.23697 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Palamthodi S, Lele SS (2016) Optimization and evaluation of reactive dye adsorption on bottle gourd peel. J Environ Chem Eng 4:4299–4309.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2016.09.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Pan B, Pan B, Zhang W, Lv L, Zhang Q, Zheng S (2009) Development of polymeric and polymer-based hybrid adsorbents for pollutants removal from waters. Chem Eng J 151:19–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.02.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Papadimitriou CA, Krey G, Stamatis N, Kallianiotis A (2017) The use of waste mussel shells for the adsorption of dyes and heavy metals. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 92:1943–1947.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5247 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Patel US, Patel KH, Chauhan KV, Chawla AK, Rawal SK (2016) Investigation of various properties for zirconium oxide films synthesized by sputtering. Procedia Technol 23:336–343.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2016.03.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Pathania D, Sharma G, Kumar A, Kothiyal NC (2014) Fabrication of nanocomposite polyaniline zirconium(IV) silicophosphate for photocatalytic and antimicrobial activity. J Alloys Compd 588:668–675.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2013.11.133 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Patil MR, Shrivastava VS (2015) Adsorption of malachite green by polyaniline–nickel ferrite magnetic nanocomposite: an isotherm and kinetic study. Appl Nanosci 5:809–816.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-014-0383-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Patil MR, Shrivastava VS (2016) Adsorptive removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by polyaniline-nickel ferrite nanocomposite: a kinetic approach. Desalin Water Treat 57:5879–5887.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1004594 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Pawar SN, Edgar KJ (2012) Alginate derivatization: a review of chemistry, properties and applications. Biomaterials 33:3279–3305.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.01.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Pettignano A, Tanchoux N, Cacciaguerra T, Vincent T, Bernardi L, Guibal E, Quignard F (2017) Sodium and acidic alginate foams with hierarchical porosity: preparation, characterization and efficiency as a dye adsorbent. Carbohydr Polym 178:78–85.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.09.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Phan TNT, Bacquet M, Morcellet M (2000) Synthesis and characterization of silica gels functionalized with monochlorotriazinyl β-cyclodextrin and their sorption capacities towards organic compounds. J Incl Phenom Macrocycl Chem 38:345–359.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008169111023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Prüss-Ustün A, Vickers C, Haefliger P, Bertollini R (2011) Knowns and unknowns on burden of disease due to chemicals: a systematic review. Environ Health 10(9).  https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-10-9
  147. Qamruzzaman, Nasar A (2014a) Treatment of acetamiprid insecticide from artificially contaminated water by colloidal manganese dioxide in the absence and presence of surfactants. RSC Adv 4:62844–62850.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra09685a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Qamruzzaman, Nasar A (2014b) Degradation of tricyclazole by colloidal manganese dioxide in the absence and presence of surfactants. J Ind Eng Chem 20:897–902.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.06.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Qamruzzaman, Nasar A (2014c) Kinetics of metribuzin degradation by colloidal manganese dioxide in absence and presence of surfactants. Chem Pap 68:65–73.  https://doi.org/10.2478/s11696-013-0424-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Qamruzzaman, Nasar A (2015) Degradation of acephate by colloidal manganese dioxide in the absence and presence of surfactants. Desalin Water Treat 55:2155–2164.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.937752 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Rachna K, Agarwal A, Singh N (2018) Preparation and characterization of zinc ferrite—polyaniline nanocomposite for removal of rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution. Environ Nanotechnology, Monit Manag 9:154–163.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enmm.2018.03.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Rahchamani J, Mousavi HZ, Behzad M (2011) Adsorption of methyl violet from aqueous solution by polyacrylamide as an adsorbent: isotherm and kinetic studies. Desalination 267:256–260.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.09.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Rashidzadeh A, Olad A (2013) Novel polyaniline/poly (vinyl alcohol)/clinoptilolite nanocomposite: dye removal, kinetic, and isotherm studies. Desalin Water Treat 51:7057–7066.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.766904 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Raval NP, Shah PU, Shah NK (2016) Adsorptive amputation of hazardous azo dye Congo red from wastewater: a critical review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:14810–14853.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6970-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Ren H, Zhang R, Wang Q, Pan H, Wang Y (2016) Garlic root biomass as novel biosorbents for malachite green removal: parameter optimization, process kinetics and toxicity test. Chem Res Chin Univ 32:647–654.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40242-016-6095-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Renuka NK, Shijina AV, Praveen AK (2012a) Mesoporous γ-alumina nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization and dye removal efficiency. Mater Lett 82:42–44.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2012.05.043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Renuka NK, Shijina AV, Praveen AK (2012b) Mesoporous $γ$-alumina nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization and dye removal efficiency. Mater Lett 82:42–44.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2012.05.043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Revankar M, Lele SS (2007) Synthetic dye decolorization by white rot fungus, Ganoderma sp. WR-1. Bioresour Technol 98:775–780.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.03.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Rizzi V, Mongiovì C, Fini P, Petrella A, Semeraro P (2017) Operational parameters affecting the removal and recycling of direct blue industrial dye from wastewater using bleached oil mill waste as alternative adsorbent material. Int J Environ Agric Biotechnol 2:1560–1572.  https://doi.org/10.22161/ijeab/2.4.15 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Ryan CC, Bardosova EP M (2017) Structural and mechanical properties of a range of chitosan-based hybrid networks loaded with colloidal silica and polystyrene particles. Mater Sci 52:8338–8347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Saad M, Tahir H, Khan J, Hameed U, Saud A (2017) Synthesis of polyaniline nanoparticles and their application for the removal of Crystal Violet dye by ultrasonicated adsorption process based on Response Surface Methodology. Ultrason Sonochem 34:600–608.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2016.06.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Sahnoun S, Boutahala M (2018) Adsorption removal of tartrazine by chitosan/polyaniline composite: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Int J Biol Macromol 114:1345–1353.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.02.146 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Sajilata MG, Singhal RS, Kulkarni PR (2006) Resistant starch-a review. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 5:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-4337.2006.tb00076.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Salahshoor Z, Shahbazi A (2014) Review of the use of mesoporous silicas for removing dye from textile wastewater. Eur J Environ Sci 4:116–130.  https://doi.org/10.14712/23361964.2014.7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Salehi E, Farahani A (2017) Macroporous chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol composite adsorbents based on activated carbon substrate. J Porous Mater 24:1197–1207.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10934-016-0359-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Salem MA (2010) The role of polyaniline salts in the removal of direct blue 78 from aqueous solution: a kinetic study. React Funct Polym 70:707–714.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2010.07.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Salem MA, Elsharkawy RG, Hablas MF (2016) Adsorption of brilliant green dye by polyaniline/silver nanocomposite: kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic studies. Eur Polym J 75:577–590.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2015.12.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Saravanan R, Sacari E, Gracia F, Khan MM, Mosquera E, Gupta VK (2016) Conducting PANI stimulated ZnO system for visible light photocatalytic degradation of coloured dyes. J Mol Liq 221:1029–1033.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.06.074 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Sartape AS, Mandhare AM, Jadhav VV, Raut PD, Anuse MA, Kolekar SS (2017) Removal of malachite green dye from aqueous solution with adsorption technique using Limonia acidissima (wood apple) shell as low cost adsorbent. Arab J Chem 10:S3229–S3238.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.12.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Schwarzenbach RP, Egli T, Hofstetter TB, von Gunten U, Wehrli B (2010) Global water pollution and human health. Annu Rev Environ Resour 35:109–136.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-100809-125342 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Shaaban A, Se S-M, Mitan NMM, Dimin MF (2013) Characterization of biochar derived from rubber wood sawdust through slow pyrolysis on surface porosities and functional groups. Procedia Eng 68:365–371.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.12.193 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Shabandokht M, Binaeian E, Tayebi H-A (2016) Adsorption of food dye Acid red 18 onto polyaniline-modified rice husk composite: isotherm and kinetic analysis. Desalin Water Treat:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2016.1172982
  173. Shah J, Rasul Jan M, Zeeshan M, Imran M (2017) Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies for sorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol onto surfactant modified fuller’s earth. Appl Clay Sci 143:227–233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2017.03.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Shakoor S, Nasar A (2016) Removal of methylene blue dye from artificially contaminated water using citrus limetta peel waste as a very low cost adsorbent. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 66:154–163.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2016.06.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Shakoor S, Nasar A (2017) Adsorptive treatment of hazardous methylene blue dye from artificially contaminated water using cucumis sativus peel waste as a low-cost adsorbent. Groundw Sustain Dev 5:152–159.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2017.06.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Shakoor S, Nasar A (2018a) Utilization of Punica granatum peel as an eco-friendly biosorbent for the removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution. J Appl. Biotechnol Bioeng 5:242–249.  https://doi.org/10.15406/jabb.2018.05.00145 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Shakoor S, Nasar A (2018b) Adsorptive decontamination of synthetic wastewater containing crystal violet dye by employing Terminalia arjuna sawdust waste. Groundw Sustain Dev 7:30–38.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2018.03.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Shanker U, Rani M, Jassal V (2017) Degradation of hazardous organic dyes in water by nanomaterials. Environ Chem Lett 15:623–642.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-017-0650-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Sharma V, Rekha P, Mohanty P (2016) Nanoporous hypercrosslinked polyaniline: an efficient adsorbent for the adsorptive removal of cationic and anionic dyes. J Mol Liq 222:1091–1100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.07.130 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Shen D, Liu J, Gan L, Huang N, Long M (2018a) Green synthesis of Fe3O4/cellulose/polyvinyl alcohol hybride aerogel and its application for dye removal. J Polym Environ 26:2234–2242.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10924-017-1116-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Shen J, Shahid S, Amura I, Sarihan A, Tian M, Emanuelsson EAC (2018b) Enhanced adsorption of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solutions by polyacid doped polyaniline. Synth Met 245:151–159.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2018.08.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Shinde SS, Kher JA (2014) A review on polyaniline and its noble metal composites. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol 03:16570–16576.  https://doi.org/10.15680/IJIRSET.2014.0310023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Singh K, Arora S (2011) Removal of synthetic textile dyes from wastewaters: a critical review on present treatment technologies. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 41:807–878.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380903218376 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Smitha T, Santhi T, Prasad AL, Manonmani S (2017) Cucumis sativus used as adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution. Arab J Chem 10:S244–S251.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2012.07.030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Somasekhara Reddy MC, Nirmala V, Ashwini C (2017) Bengal Gram Seed Husk as an adsorbent for the removal of dye from aqueous solutions – batch studies. Arab J Chem 10:S2554–S2566.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Song E, Choi J-W (2013) Conducting polyaniline nanowire and its applications in chemiresistive sensing. Nanomaterials 3:498–523.  https://doi.org/10.3390/nano3030498 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Stasinakis AS, Thomaidis NS, Arvaniti OS, Asimakopoulos AG, Samaras VG, Ajibola A, Mamais D, Lekkas TD (2013) Contribution of primary and secondary treatment on the removal of benzothiazoles, benzotriazoles, endocrine disruptors, pharmaceuticals and perfluorinated compounds in a sewage treatment plant. Sci Total Environ 463–464:1067–1075.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.087 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Sui K, Li Y, Liu R et al (2012) Biocomposite fiber of calcium alginate/multi-walled carbon nanotubes with enhanced adsorption properties for ionic dyes. Carbohydr Polym 90:399–406.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.05.057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Sulistiyo YA, Andriana N, Piluharto B, Zulfikar Z (2017) Silica gels from coal fly ash as methylene blue adsorbent: isotherm and kinetic studies. Bull Chem React Eng Catal 12:263.  https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.12.2.766.263-272 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Sultan M (2017) Polyurethane for removal of organic dyes from textile wastewater. Environ Chem Lett 15:347–366.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-016-0597-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Sun D, Zhang X, Wu Y, Liu X (2010) Adsorption of anionic dyes from aqueous solution on fly ash. J Hazard Mater 181:335–342.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.05.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Tahir SS, Rauf N (2006) Removal of a cationic dye from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto bentonite clay. Chemosphere 63:1842–1848.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.10.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Tanyildizi MŞ (2011) Modeling of adsorption isotherms and kinetics of reactive dye from aqueous solution by peanut hull. Chem Eng J 168:1234–1240.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2011.02.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Tanzifi M, Hosseini SH, Kiadehi AD, Olazar M, Karimipour K, Rezaiemehr R, Ali I (2017) Artificial neural network optimization for methyl orange adsorption onto polyaniline nano-adsorbent: kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic studies. J Mol Liq 244:189–200.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.08.122 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Usmani M, Khan I, Bhat A, Pillai R, Ahmad N, Haafiz M, Oves M (2017) Current trend in the application of nanoparticles for waste water treatment and purification: a review. Curr Org Synth 14:206–226.  https://doi.org/10.2174/1570179413666160928125328 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Vadivelan V, Kumar KV (2005) Equilibrium, kinetics, mechanism, and process design for the sorption of methylene blue onto rice husk. J Colloid Interface Sci 286:90–100.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.01.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Vakili M, Rafatullah M, Salamatinia B, Abdullah AZ, Ibrahim MH, Tan KB, Gholami Z, Amouzgar P (2014) Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater: a review. Carbohydr Polym 113:115–130.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.07.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Vilela PB, Dalalibera A, Duminelli EC, Becegato VA, Paulino AT (2018) Adsorption and removal of chromium (VI) contained in aqueous solutions using a chitosan-based hydrogel. Environ Sci Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3208-3
  199. Walker GM, Hansen L, Hanna J-A, Allen SJ (2003) Kinetics of a reactive dye adsorption onto dolomitic sorbents. Water Res 37:2081–2089.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00540-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah MAKM (2011) Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: a review. Carbohydr Polym 83:1446–1456.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.11.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Wang L, Wang A (2007) Adsorption characteristics of Congo Red onto the chitosan/montmorillonite nanocomposite. J Hazard Mater 147:979–985.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.01.145
  202. Wang L, Wu X-L, Xu W-H, Huang XJ, Liu JH, Xu AW (2012) Stable organic–inorganic hybrid of polyaniline/$α$-zirconium phosphate for efficient removal of organic pollutants in water environment. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:2686–2692.  https://doi.org/10.1021/am300335e CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Wang X, Ni J, Pang S, Li Y (2017) Removal of malachite green from aqueous solutions by electrocoagulation/peanut shell adsorption coupling in a batch system. Water Sci Technol 75:1830–1838.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2017.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Xiao J, Zhang J, Lv W, Song Y, Zheng Q (2017) Multifunctional graphene/poly(vinyl alcohol) aerogels: in situ hydrothermal preparation and applications in broad-spectrum adsorption for dyes and oils. Carbon 123:354–363.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2017.07.049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Xie H, Yan M, Zhang Q, Qu H, Kong J (2017) Hemin-based biomimetic synthesis of PANI@iron oxide and its adsorption of dyes. Desalin Water Treat 67:346–356.  https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.20409 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Yagub MT, Sen TK, Afroze S, Ang HM (2014) Dye and its removal from aqueous solution by adsorption: a review. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 209:172–184.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cis.2014.04.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Yan B, Chen Z, Cai L et al (2015) Fabrication of polyaniline hydrogel: synthesis, characterization and adsorption of methylene blue. Appl Surf Sci 356:39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.08.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. Yang J-X, Hong G-B (2018) Adsorption behavior of modified Glossogyne tenuifolia leaves as a potential biosorbent for the removal of dyes. J Mol Liq 252:289–295.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2017.12.142 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. Yang J-S, Xie Y-J, He W (2011) Research progress on chemical modification of alginate: a review. Carbohydr Polym 84:33–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2010.11.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Zare EN, Motahari A, Sillanpää M (2018) Nanoadsorbents based on conducting polymer nanocomposites with main focus on polyaniline and its derivatives for removal of heavy metal ions/dyes: a review. Environ Res 162:173–195.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.12.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Zeng Y, Zhao L, Wu W et al (2013) Enhanced adsorption of malachite green onto carbon nanotube/polyaniline composites. J Appl Polym Sci 127:2475–2482.  https://doi.org/10.1002/app.37947 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Zheng Y, Liu Y, Wang A (2012) Kapok fiber oriented polyaniline for removal of sulfonated dyes. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:10079–10087.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie300246m CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Zhu H-Y, Fu Y-Q, Jiang R et al (2012) Novel magnetic chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) hydrogel beads: Preparation, characterization and application for adsorption of dye from aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol 105:24–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.11.057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

Personalised recommendations