Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 3834–3847 | Cite as

The potential protective effect of two actinomycete extracts against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats

  • Wael N. HozzeinEmail author
  • Areej Abdulkareem Al-Khalaf
  • Mohamed Mohany
  • Salim S. Al-Rejaie
  • Dalia M. I. Ali
  • Asmaa A. Amin
Research Article


The aim of this study was to investigate the potential protective effect of two extracts derived from two soil actinomycete strains, designated S19 and G30, against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in male rats. Sixty-four male rats were divided into four groups of 16 rats per group. The first group was a control group given corn oil and the nutritive medium which is composed of a mixture of the two used media. The second group received CCl4 only, the third group was administered CCl4 and the extract S19, and the fourth group was administered CCl4 and the extract G30. The results were taken after a treatment period of 8 weeks. Our data demonstrated that the two actinomycete extracts significantly (P < 0.01) lowered the CCl4-induced elevation of serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) after 8 weeks of treatment. The extract S19 had no effect on serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and total bilirubin, whereas the extract G30 significantly decreased (P < 0.01) the elevated levels of these parameters in the serum, especially after 4 weeks of treatment. The levels of hepatic glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), peroxidase (Px), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly increased (P < 0.01), while those of malondialdehyde (MDA) markedly decreased in rats treated with the two extracts. Furthermore, histopathological lesions in the liver, including necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, hydropic degeneration, and congestion of the central vein, were partially reversed by treatment with the two microbial extracts. Our results provided evidence for the protective effect of the two used actinomycete extracts against CCl4-induced liver damage occurred through the reduction of oxidative stress and improvement of antioxidant defense markers.


Actinomycete extracts CCl4 Hepatotoxicity Liver enzymes Oxidative stress 


Funding information

This work was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University.

Compliance with ethical standards

The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University. The work complies with the ethical policies of the journal, and the work has been conducted according to internationally accepted ethical standards after relevant ethical review.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bioproducts Research Chair, Zoology Department, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceBeni-Suef UniversityBeni-SuefEgypt
  3. 3.Biology Department, College of SciencesPrincess Nourah bint Abdulrahman UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of PharmacyKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Botany Department, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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