Chromium (VI) remediation in aqueous solution by waste products (peel and seed) of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars

  • Caroline De Goes Sampaio
  • Juliana Gaspar Alan E Silva
  • Edy Sousa De Brito
  • Helena Becker
  • Maria Teresa Salles Trevisan
  • Robert W. OwenEmail author
Research Article


The surface group characteristics of mango cultivar peels and seeds were evaluated by infrared spectra, PZC, and functional group composition. The adsorption/reduction of chromium (VI) in aqueous solutions was investigated by varying pH, contact time, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and adsorbent amount. The results show that both peel and seed powders of the mango cultivars showed significant adsorption/reduction capacity for Cr(VI) and that the desorption process obeys pseudo-second-order kinetics. Optimal adsorption occurred at pH 1.0, using a Cr(VI) concentration of 100 mg/L. On average, at pH 1.0, and a concentration of 3 g/L, the maximum adsorption/reduction capacity of Cr(VI) was 83% (peels 76%, seeds 90%). Of the mango powders tested, the most efficient were Tommy seed (100%) and Coite peel (98%) followed by Coite seed (96%) and Tommy peel powders (95%). The adsorption/reduction of Cr(VI) was complete (100%) by the mango seed, in comparison to the peel powders (97%) after 180 min. The data indicates that mango waste products, such as seed and peel powders, are both excellent candidates for the remediation of Cr(VI) from aqueous systems and due to the higher concentration of gallates and galloyl glucosides, the mango seed powders should be the powders of choice for future remediation projects.


Adsorbent Gallate glucosides Mango powders Peels pH Seeds 



Mango Coité peels


Mango Coité seeds


Mango Mallika peels


Mango Mallika seeds


Mango Rosa peels


Mango Rosa seeds


Mango Tommy peels


Mango Tommy seeds


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline De Goes Sampaio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juliana Gaspar Alan E Silva
    • 1
  • Edy Sousa De Brito
    • 3
  • Helena Becker
    • 4
  • Maria Teresa Salles Trevisan
    • 1
  • Robert W. Owen
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author return OK on get
  1. 1.Departamento de Química Orgânica e InorgânicaUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do CearáMaracanaúBrazil
  3. 3.Embrapa Agroindústria TropicalFortalezaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Química Analitica e Fisico-QuimicaUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  5. 5.Division of Preventive OncologyNational Center for Tumor DiseasesHeidelbergGermany
  6. 6.German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)HeidelbergGermany

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