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Effect of the adsorption pH and temperature on the parameters of the Brouers–Sotolongo models

  • Taher SelmiEmail author
  • Mongi Seffen
  • Alain Celzard
  • Vanessa Fierro
Advances in Water and Wastewater Pollutant Elimination
  • 48 Downloads

Abstract

The goal of the present paper was to elucidate if—and how—the parameters of the Brouers–Sotolongo fractal (BSf) (n,α) kinetic model (α and τC) on the one hand, and of the generalised Brouers–Sotolongo (GBS) isotherm model (a and b) on the other hand, are correlated with adsorption pH and temperature. For that purpose, adsorption of aqueous solutions of two common dyes, methylene blue (MB) and methyl orange (MO) was carried out on four activated carbons (ACs) at three temperatures (25, 35 and 50 °C) and three pH (2.5, 5 and 8). Adsorption kinetics and isotherms were measured, and the corresponding curves were best fitted with specific forms of the aforementioned models, and corresponding to equations known as BSf (1,α) kinetic and Brouers–Gaspard isotherm models. Correlations between all model parameters and adsorption conditions were found, bringing some information about the adsorbate–adsorbent interaction.

Keywords

Adsorption Activated carbon Dyes Fractal kinetics Brouers–Gaspard isotherm Heterogeneous surface 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the EU-METALIC: Erasmus Mundus project and the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3835_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 4573 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Energy and Materials (LabEM)Higher School of Science and Technology of Hammam Sousse, BP 4011 Hammam Sousse (Sousse University-Tunisia)SousseTunisia
  2. 2.UMR CNRS 7198Institut Jean LamourEpinal Cedex 9France

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