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Experimental investigation on engine characteristics fueled with waste HDPE oil and study on NO x emission variation using thermal imager

  • Mohamed Shameer Peer
  • Mohamed Nishath Peer
Research Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

For heavy duty applications like power generation and transportation, the best option is the compression ignition engines, but the major concerns are the rising prices and environmental issues due to the rapid depleting sources of conventional fossil fuels. The present investigation is to study the performance and emission characteristics of a single cylinder four-stroke, air-cooled direct injection diesel engine runs with an alternate fuel as waste high density polyethylene plastic oil (HDPE) obtained by catalytic pyrolysis. At constant speed, test fuels have been experimented successfully to determine the engine performance such as brake thermal efficiency, brake specific energy consumption, and exhaust gas emissions such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, and unburned hydrocarbons. The result shows that the brake thermal efficiency is lower at all load conditions when compared to diesel fuel whereas the brake specific energy consumption decreases with increase in engine load and increases with increase in waste plastic oil blend ratio. CO emission increases and NOx emission level decreases with enhancement in engine load whereas the NOx emission and CO emission augments with increase in waste plastic oil blend percentage. But in case of NOx emission increase in concentration of waste plastic oil with diesel leads to raise in emission level. By using thermal imager, the link between in-cylinder temperature and NOx emission has been fixed. With the help of this course of action, it has been observed that in-cylinder temperature plays the major role in NOx concentration.

Keywords

Waste plastic oil Diesel engine Performance Emission Thermal imager 

Nomenclature

HDPE

High density polyethylene

NOx

Nitric oxide

CO

Carbon monoxide

CO2

Carbon dioxide

NO2

Nitrogen dioxide

HC

Hydrocarbon

DME

Dim ethyl ether

DEE

Diethyl ether

WPO

Waste plastic oil

BSEC

Brake specific energy consumption

BTE

Brake thermal efficiency

CHT

Cylinder head temperature

B10 WPO

10% WPO + 90% diesel

B20 WPO

20% WPO + 80% diesel

B30 WPO

30% WPO + 70% diesel

B40 WPO

40% WPO + 60% diesel

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringV V College of EngineeringTirunelveliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGovernment College of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia

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