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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 2882–2897 | Cite as

Environmental pollution policy of small businesses in Nigeria and Ghana: extent and impact

  • Uchenna EfobiEmail author
  • Tanankem Belmondo
  • Emmanuel Orkoh
  • Scholastica Ngozi Atata
  • Opeyemi Akinyemi
  • Ibukun Beecroft
Research Article
  • 109 Downloads

Abstract

This study provides a comprehensive assessment of firms’ operation and environmental protection polices in Nigeria and Ghana, where there has been a rising industrial growth amidst low regulatory and institutional frameworks. We analyze the extents to which firms’ adoption of environmental protection policies affect their performances. We use firm-level data of 842 firms (447 for Nigeria and 395 for Ghana) distributed across different regions of both countries for our descriptive and econometric estimations. We find, among other things, that firms’ adoption of internal policies on environmental protection is dismally low in both Nigeria (32%) and Ghana (17%), with policies focused on reducing solid (38%, Nigeria; and 35%, Ghana), gaseous (22%, Nigeria; and 44%, Ghana), and liquid (24%, Nigeria; and 14%, Ghana) pollution. Training appears to be an important intervention that can help improve firms’ adoption of such policies. We also found that firms’ adoption and implementation of environmental protection policies significantly improve their performance.

Keywords

Environment Green industrialization Performance Pollution Small businesses West Africa 

JEL Classification

H32 L25 Q52 Q53 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This paper is drawn from the comprehensive report on green industrialization in Nigeria and Ghana, which is a funded project by the Institute of African Leadership for Sustainable Development (UONGOZI Institute), Tanzania. We are grateful to the UONGOZI institute for the grant to undertake this project, and for the UONGOZI institute’s scientific committee for their comments on the first draft. Comments from participant at the DIE conference on green transformation and competitive advantage are also acknowledged. Finally, the constructive comments from the two anonymous reviewers are also well appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Covenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional DevelopmentYaoundéCameroon
  3. 3.North-West UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa
  4. 4.World Trade OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland
  5. 5.Federal University of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria

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