Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 3643–3650 | Cite as

Synthesis of graphene by in situ catalytic chemical vapor deposition of reed as a carbon source for VOC adsorption

  • Kobra Rahbar Shamskar
  • Alimorad RashidiEmail author
  • Parviz Aberoomand Azar
  • Mohammad Yousefi
  • Sahar Baniyaghoob
Research Article


Few-layer graphene was synthesized by in situ catalytic carbon vapor deposition (CCVD) method, using reed as a carbon source and Ni, Cu, and Mg salts as the catalyst compounds. The synthesized graphene was also used for adsorption of VOCs. Furthermore, the effect of organic additives, sorbitol, and citric acid on catalyst compounds was investigated by temperature-programmed reduction analysis (H2-TPR). The products’ properties were characterized by thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis. TEM and FE-SEM images confirmed the formation of graphene sheets. Activation of the graphene by phosphoric acid at 500 °C and then by CO2 at 800 °C increased the surface area from 298 to 568 m2/g. Gasoline working capacity of the activated graphene was 65.24 g/ladsorbent.

Graphical abstract

Few-layer graphene was synthesized by in situ catalytic carbon vapor deposition (CCVD) method using reed as a carbon source and Ni, Cu, and Mg salts as the catalyst compounds and used for adsorption of VOCs.


Reed Graphene Catalytic carbon vapor deposition Volatile organic compounds Adsorption 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Basic SciencesIslamic Azad University, Science and Research BranchTehranIran
  2. 2.Nanotechnology Research CentreResearch Institute of Petroleum IndustryTehranIran

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