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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 1983–1993 | Cite as

Levels of organochlorine pesticide residues in fresh water fishes of three bird sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu, India

  • Jayakumar SamiduraiEmail author
  • Muralidharan Subramanian
  • Dhananjayan Venugopal
Research Article

Abstract

Organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues were determined in nine species of fresh water fishes caught from three bird sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu, India. A total of 302 fishes were analyzed for various types of OCPS. OCPs, namely hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane (DDT), heptachlor epoxide, endosulfan, and dieldrin were detected among various species of fishes. Among the various OCPs analyzed, HCH was the most frequently detected pesticides. Among the HCH isomers, β HCH contributed more than 50% to the Σ HCH. p,p’ DDT, the metabolites of DDT, had high percentage of occurrence. Among the cyclodiene insecticide residues, endosulfan was detected in more than 60% of the fishes. Varying levels of ΣOCPs (a sum of Σ HCH, Σ DDT, Σ endosulfan, heptachlor epoxide, and dieldrin) were detected in various fish species, although it was not significant (p > 0.05). However, significant variations in OCPs were observed among location and between seasons (p < 0.05). However, continuous monitoring is recommended to facilitate the early identification of risks not only to the fishes, but also to fish-eating birds breeding in these sanctuaries.

Keywords

Organochlorine pesticides Fishes Bird sanctuaries Colonial fish-eating birds India Vedanthangal Koonthankulam Vettangudi 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Tamil Nadu Forest Department for permitting us to collect samples from the study areas. We are thankful to the Director, SACON, Coimbatore for his support. We appreciate Mrs. P. Navamani, S. Patturajan, P. Murugesan, and T. Manikandan for their assistance in the laboratory.

Funding information

This study is financially supported provided by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of EcotoxicologySálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural HistoryCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.P.G. Research Department of Zoology and Wildlife BiologyA.V.C. College (Autonomous)MayiladuthuraiIndia
  3. 3.Industrial Hygiene & Toxicology DivisionRegional Occupational Health Centre (S), ICMR-NIOHBangaloreIndia

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