Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 3823–3833 | Cite as

Antioxidant enzyme activity in responses to environmentally induced oxidative stress in the 5th instar nymphs of Aiolopus thalassinus (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

  • Hesham A. YousefEmail author
  • Eman A. Abdelfattah
  • Maria Augustyniak
Research Article


The response of antioxidant enzymes to oxidative environmental stress was determined in 5th instar nymphs of Aiolopus thalassinus (Orthoptera: Acrididae) collected from sites with different level of pollution with heavy metals, PO43−, and SO42−. The high polluted site induced higher DNA damage to individuals compared to the control site. The highest values of tail length (TL), tail moment (TM), and percent of DNA in tail (TDNA) were found in the gut of 5th instar nymphs from a high polluted site. Also, protein carbonyls and lipid peroxide levels were significantly higher in insects collected from polluted sites compared to those from the control site. A strong positive correlation between both protein carbonyl and lipid peroxide concentration and the pollution level of the sites was found in all tissues of the insects. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the brain of insects collected from the high polluted site was significantly higher than that in the thoracic muscles and gut. We observed strong inhibition of catalase (CAT) activity. This effect was apparently caused by pollutants present at the high polluted site. The level of pollution significantly influenced polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in A. thalassinus nymphs in all examined tissues. The highest values were observed in the brain. The relationship between pollution and ascorbate peroxidase (APOX) activity in the examined tissues had no clear tendency. However, the lowest APOX activity was observed in individuals from the low polluted site. Level of pollution of sampling sites, oxidative stress biomarkers, and enzymatic response in A. thalanthsis 5th instar were negatively or positively correlated. Oxidative damage parameters, especially the percent of severed cells, lipid peroxides, and the activity of APOX, can be perceived as good markers of environmental multistress.


Environmental pollution Oxidative stress Protein carbonyls Lipid peroxides DNA damage Antioxidant enzymes Aiolopus thalassinus 


Funding information

This study was funded by Cairo University, Faculty of Science, Egypt.

Compliance with ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Entomology Department, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Animal Physiology and EcotoxicologyUniversity of Silesia in KatowiceKatowicePoland

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