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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 2974–2986 | Cite as

The estimation of Miscanthus×giganteus’ adaptive potential for cultivation on the mining and post-mining lands in Ukraine

  • Mykola KharytonovEmail author
  • Valentina Pidlisnyuk
  • Tatyana Stefanovska
  • Mykhailo Babenko
  • Nadia Martynova
  • Iryna Rula
Research Article

Abstract

The possibility of Miscanthus×giganteus cultivation as an energy crop on the different types of mining rocks was studied. It was revealed that a loess-like loam and red-brown clay with the added black soil were the most suitable for plant growing. The yield of dry above-ground biomass ranged from 4.3 to 6.8 t DM ha−1 after the first year of cultivation and from 8.9 to 9.7 t DM ha−1 after the second year while using these substrates. The application of amendments stimulated the growth and development of plants and increased productivity from 50 to 140%. M.×giganteus showed sufficient tolerance and good enough growth on the geochemically active dark-gray schist clay with yield from 2 to 3 t DM ha−1 after the first year of cultivation already. For plants grown on the different strata of dark-gray schist clay, the thermal decomposition of the biomass took place in four stages in the temperature range from 30 to 640 °C. The samples grown on stratum 0–20 cm showed the highest reactivity with a peak 30.6%/min at 290 °C. There were differences in the concentrations of determined heavy metals: iron, zinc, copper, and lead in the plant tissues depending on the layer depth of dark-gray schist clay from 0 to 20 cm to 40–60 cm. The relatively limited content of heavy metals in the above-ground biomass was due to the preferential accumulation in the roots.

Keywords

Miscanthus×giganteus Phytomeliorated mining rocks Biologically active agents Biometric parameters Productivity Thermolysis Heavy metal 

Notes

Funding information

The research was partly supported by grant 0116U004738 from the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and NATO SPS MYP G4687.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic UniversityDniproUkraine
  2. 2.Jan Evangelista Purkyne University in Ústí nad LabemÚstí nad LabemCzech Republic
  3. 3.National University of Life and Environmental SciencesKyivUkraine
  4. 4.Oles Honchar Dnipro National UniversityDniproUkraine

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