Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 1716–1722 | Cite as

Sorption and immobilization of Cu and Pb in a red soil (Ultisol) after different long-term fertilizations

  • Fengli Xu
  • Jun ZhuEmail author
  • Bensong Zhang
  • Qingling Fu
  • Jiazhou Chen
  • Hongqing Hu
  • Qiaoyun Huang
Research Article


The sorption and immobilization of Cu and Pb in a red soil (Ultisol) treated by no fertilizer (Ck), chemical fertilizer (NPK), a mixture of chemical fertilizer and straw (NPKS), and animal manure (AM) from a long-term fertilization experimental site were studied. Compared to the sorption on Ck soil, the maximum amount of Cu and Pb sorption increased by 16% and 31%, 19% and 42%, and 30% and 45% on NPK, NPKS, and AM soil, respectively. The removal of organic matter from soils decreased the sorption of Cu but increased the sorption of Pb. The sorption of Cu and Pb on the examined soils was reduced by the presence of Ca. However, the inhibition was smaller on the fertilized soils than on non-fertilized soil and was weaker for Pb than for Cu. After the aging of Cu and Pb in the examined soils for 2 months, the proportion of reducible Pb was much higher than that of reducible Cu, whereas that of acid-soluble Cu was much higher than that of acid-soluble Pb in the corresponding soils. The fertilization, especially AM treatment, decreased the percentage of the acid-soluble fraction of Cu and Pb but increased the proportion of the reducible fraction, suggesting that the immobilization of Cu and Pb in the Ultisol was strengthened by the fertilization, especially by the animal manure treatment. These findings could be useful in assessing and controlling heavy metal pollution in Ultisols.


Ultisol Fertilization Cu Pb Sorption Immobilization 


Funding information

This research was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0801002) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Program number: 2662017JC009).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation (Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtse River), Ministry of Agriculture, College of Resources and EnvironmentHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Southern Regional Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain and Oil Crops in ChinaChangshaChina

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