Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 1445–1454 | Cite as

Effective degradation of Orange G and Rhodamine B by alkali-activated hydrogen peroxide: roles of HO2 and O2·−

  • Daiyao Wang
  • Jing ZouEmail author
  • Huahua Cai
  • Yixin Huang
  • Fei Li
  • Qingfeng Cheng
Research Article


Advanced oxidation processes offer effective solutions in treating wastewater from various industries. The process of alkali-activated hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was superior for the treatment of alkaline dye wastewater because no additional reagents were required except H2O2. However, an important and interesting phenomenon had been observed that the primary reactive species were found different for degrading organic pollutants with the process of alkali-activated H2O2. Azo dye of Orange G (OG) and triphenylmethane dye of Rhodamine B (RhB) were chosen as the target organic pollutants. The influences of various parameters on OG and RhB degradation by alkali-activated H2O2 were evaluated. Furthermore, different scavengers, including ascorbic acid, methanol, t-butanol, isopropyl alcohol, furfuryl alcohol, and nitro blue tetrazolium, have been tested to identify the active species involved in dye degradation, and it was found that O2·− was mainly responsible for degrading OG, while HO2 anion was the primary oxidant for degrading RhB.


Hydrogen peroxide Orange G Rhodamine B Hydroperoxy anion Superoxide radical Alkali-activated 


Funding information

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51708231), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M612120), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian province (No. 14185013), and the Promotion Program for Young and Middle-aged Teacher in Science and Technology Research of Huaqiao University (No. ZQN-YX506).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3710_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.2 mb)
ESM 1 Changes of TOC concentrations during the degradation of OG and RhB with alkaline-activated H2O2 were shown in Fig. S1. Standard curves for degrading OG and RhB by alkali-activated H2O2 at different reaction conditions was shown in Fig. S2. Effect of H2O2 concentration on the degradation of OG and RhB by alkaline-activated H2O2 was shown in Fig. S3. Effect of reaction temperature on the degradation of OG and RhB by alkaline-activated H2O2 was shown in Fig. S4. Inhibitions of methanol and isopropyl alcohol on the degradation of OG and RhB by alkaline-activated H2O2 were shown in Fig. S5. Chemical characteristics of Orange G and Rhodamine B were shown in Tab. S1. The second-order kinetic rate constants for degrading OG and RhB at different reaction conditions were shown in Tab. S2. (DOC 2217 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daiyao Wang
    • 1
  • Jing Zou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huahua Cai
    • 1
  • Yixin Huang
    • 1
  • Fei Li
    • 1
  • Qingfeng Cheng
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, College of Civil EngineeringHuaqiao UniversityXiamenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentChengdu University of Information TechnologyChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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