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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 1675–1692 | Cite as

The influence of local emissions and regional air pollution transport on a European air pollution hot spot

  • Jana KozákováEmail author
  • Petra Pokorná
  • Petr Vodička
  • Lucie Ondráčková
  • Jakub Ondráček
  • Kamil Křůmal
  • Pavel Mikuška
  • Jan Hovorka
  • Pavel Moravec
  • Jaroslav Schwarz
Research Article

Abstract

The EU air quality standards have been frequently exceeded in one of the European air pollution hot spots: Ostrava. The aim of this study was to perform an air quality comparison between an urban site (Radvanice), which has a nearby metallurgical complex, and a suburban site (Plesná) to estimate air pollution sources and determine their local and/or regional origins. Twenty-four hour PM1 and PM10 (particular matter) concentrations, detailed mass size distributions (MSDs) to distinguish the sources of the fine and coarse PM, and their chemical compositions were investigated in parallel at both sites during the winter of 2014. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) was applied to the PM1 and PM10 chemical compositions to investigate their sources. During the measurement campaign, prevailing northeastern-southwestern (NE-SW) wind directions (WDs) were recorded. Higher average PM10 concentration was measured in Radvanice than in Plesná, whereas PM1 concentrations were similar at both sites. A source apportionment analysis revealed six and five sources for PM10 and PM1, respectively. In Radvanice, the amount of PM and the most chemical species were similar under SW and NE WD conditions. The dominant sources were industrial (43% for PM10 and 27% for PM1), which were caused by a large metallurgical complex located to the SW, and biomass burning (25% for PM10 and 36% for PM1). In Plesná, the concentrations of PM and all species significantly increased under NE WD conditions. Secondary inorganic aerosols were dominant, with the highest contributions deriving from the NE WD. Therefore, regional pollution transport from the industrial sector in Silesian Province (Poland) was evident. Biomass burning contributed 22% and 24% to PM10 and PM1, respectively. The air quality in Ostrava was influenced by local sources and regional pollution transport. The issue of poor air quality in this region is complex. Therefore, international cooperation from both states (the Czech Republic and Poland) is needed to achieve a reduction in air pollution levels.

Keywords

Inter-site comparison Positive matrix factorization PM1 PM10 Chemical size distribution Industrial site 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for the provision of the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model and the Real-time Environmental Applications and Display sYstem (READY) website (http://www.ready.noaa.gov), which were used in this publication. We thank the American Journal Experts (AJE) for the English language editing.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Charles University (No. 274213), the Czech Grant Agency (No. P503/12/G147), the infrastructure project of the MEYS of the Czech Republic ACTRIS-CZ - LM2015037, and ERDF project “ACTRIS-CZ RI” (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_013/0001315).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3670_MOESM1_ESM.docx (5.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 5650 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jana Kozáková
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Petra Pokorná
    • 1
  • Petr Vodička
    • 1
  • Lucie Ondráčková
    • 1
  • Jakub Ondráček
    • 1
  • Kamil Křůmal
    • 3
  • Pavel Mikuška
    • 3
  • Jan Hovorka
    • 2
  • Pavel Moravec
    • 1
  • Jaroslav Schwarz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aerosols Chemistry and PhysicsInstitute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.iPrague 6 - SuchdolCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.iBrnoCzech Republic

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