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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 684–693 | Cite as

Oxidative removal of recalcitrant organics in shale gas flowback fluid by the microwave-activated persulfate process

  • Weiming Chen
  • Ziyin Luo
  • Chuanwei Wu
  • Peng Wen
  • Qibin LiEmail author
Research Article
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Shale gas flowback fluid (SGF) is generated during shale gas extraction and typically contains a variety of toxic and refractory organic compounds. In this work, a microwave-activated persulfate process (MW-PS process) was developed to pretreat SGF. The major factors influencing the treatment efficiency of the MW-PS process (PS dose, initial pH, MW power, and reaction time) were optimized, and the synergetic effect (SE), degradation of recalcitrant matter, and energy consumption were systematically investigated. Results showed that the SE of the process reached a high index (i.e., 9.85), suggesting a significant synergetic effect of MW and PS. In addition, under the optimal MW-PS condition (PS dose of 2.5 g/L, MW power of 900 W, and initial pH of 2), chemical oxygen demand removal reached 66.40% in a short reaction time of 10 min. Other analyses demonstrated that benzene series compounds, organic acids, lipid substances, alkanes, antioxidants, and fluorescent dissolved organic matter in SGF were decomposed to smaller-molecule organic matter, suggesting that refractory and toxic organic matter was removed by the MW-PS treatment process. Overall, the results of this study showed that MW-PS technology is an effective and promising method to treat SGF once the operation parameters are optimized.

Keywords

Shale gas Flowback fluids Microwave Persulfate Organic 

Notes

Funding information

The authors received financial support from the Key Laboratory of Special Waste Water Treatment (SWWT2015-4).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weiming Chen
    • 1
  • Ziyin Luo
    • 1
  • Chuanwei Wu
    • 1
  • Peng Wen
    • 1
  • Qibin Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental EngineeringSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina

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