Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 2477–2491 | Cite as

Graphene oxide wrapped copper-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate metal organic framework as efficient absorbent for gaseous toluene under ambient conditions

  • Yexin Dai
  • Meng Li
  • Fang LiuEmail author
  • Ming Xue
  • Yongqiang Wang
  • Chaocheng Zhao
Research Article


The ultrasonic-assisted hydrothermal and ethanol activation method was proposed to synthesize copper-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate (Cu-BTC) metal organic framework and Cu-BTC/graphene oxide (GO) composites (Cu-BTC@GO). The dynamic adsorption behavior of toluene on two adsorbents was studied and compared with that of GO and reduced graphene oxide (RGO). The Cu-BTC@GO exhibited high adsorption capacity (183 mg/g) for toluene, which is nearly three times as much as that of Cu-BTC (62.7 mg/g) with the GO mass fraction of 20%. Furthermore, the adsorption of toluene on Cu-BTC@GO composites was positively correlated with the initial concentration of toluene and the adsorbent dosage, and negatively correlated with the temperature. The adsorption data of toluene on Cu-BTC@GO composites were well in accordance with pseudo-first kinetics model. Langmuir model had a better fit than Freundlich model. The adsorption thermodynamic results showed that the adsorption process was mainly physical adsorption and the adsorption process was spontaneous at low temperature. After five adsorption–desorption cycles, the adsorption efficiency can still reach 82.1%.This study will help to draw a promising roadmap to describe the adsorption performance of Cu-BTC@GO composites for toluene.


Copper-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate Metal organic framework @ graphene oxide composites Volatile organic pollutants Toluene Adsorption 


Funding information

This research is financially supported by the Open Project Program of State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Pollution Control (No. PPCIP2017005).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3657_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 16 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemical EngineeringChina University of PetroleumQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Pollution ControlBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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