Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 855–866 | Cite as

Vertical distribution of fluorine in farmland soil profiles around phosphorous chemical industry factories

  • Mei Wang
  • Jin-yan Yang
  • Wen-yan He
  • Jin-xin Li
  • Yan-yuan Zhu
  • Xiao-e Yang
Research Article


High concentration of fluorine (F) in agricultural soils has got significant attention considering its impacts on human health, but little information was available about F distribution in farmland soil profiles around phosphorous chemical industry factories. In present study, farmland soil profiles and relevant medium samples were collected from farmlands around a main phosphorous chemical base in southwest China. At 0–100-cm profiles, concentrations of soil total F (Ft, 400.9–1612.0 mg kg−1) and water soluble F (Fw, 3.4–26.0 mg kg−1) decreased with profile depth in industrial areas. Industrial activities enhanced F concentration in soil mainly at 0–40-cm profiles. No disparity for both Ft and Fw distributions in paddy-dry land rotation field and dry land indicates short-term land utilization could not affect the F distribution in soil profiles. Correlation analysis showed soil organic matter and wind direction were important factors influencing the distribution of F in soil profiles. The shutdown of factory and government control of industrial emissions effectively decreased the ambient air F (Fa) concentrations in industrial areas. In where Fa and dustfall F concentrations were high, high soil Ft, Fw, and crop edible part F concentrations were found.


Fluorine Distribution Farmland Soil profile Crops Phosphorous chemical industry 


Funding information

This study was financially supported by Sichuan Science and Technology Program (2018HH0137), the Open Research Foundation of Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecological Health, Ministry of Education, China, and Zhejiang Science and Technology Bureau (2018C02029 and 2015C02011-3).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Architecture and Environment & Healthy Food Evaluation Research CenterSichuan UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental & Resource SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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