Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 282–291 | Cite as

Impact of rice husk nanoparticle on the performance and emission aspects of a diesel engine running on blends of pine oil-diesel

  • Mebin Samuel PanithasanEmail author
  • Devaradjane Gopalakichenin
  • Gnanamoorthi Venkadesan
  • Sudhagar Veeraraagavan
Research Article


With the increase in vehicle density, the amount of pollution along with the dependence on the diesel fuel also increases, which might be on the verge of depletion. The increase in fuel price is an important economical factor. Hence, finding a suitable substitute energy source which is economic and also meets the energy necessity is of great need. During this study, the utilization of pine oil biofuel in which rice husk (RH) nanoparticles was added as an additive was proposed. The test was carried out in a single cylinder, diesel engine at 1500 rpm. Fuel is blended at two ratios (B10, B20) and 0.1% of RH nano-additive is added with each blend and their characteristics in terms of performance and emission are analyzed for varied load conditions. At full load condition for B10–0.1% RH, there is a slight reduction of about 3.04% for BTE and 4.1% increase in BSFC than diesel fuel was observed. Likewise, for B20–0.1% RH at full load condition CO and HC decreases about 27.27% and 19.64% respectively, with a rise in CO2 and a slight increase of NOx level at 15.63%, 8.76% respectively than diesel fuel. This small replacement of diesel fuel by biodiesel helps in reducing the increasing cost and also the complete dependency on the fossil-based fuel. Thus, pine oil with additive can perform well without any engine modifications and helps in reducing the pollutions.


Biodiesel Nano-additives Performance Emission 



American Society for Testing and Materials


brake-specific fuel consumption


brake thermal efficiency




compression ignition


carbon nanotubes


carbon monoxide


carbon dioxide


cetane value


direct injection




Hartridge Smoke Unit


Oxides of nitrogen


particle matter


parts per million


rice husk


rotations per minute


specific fuel consumption


volatile organic compounds


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mebin Samuel Panithasan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Devaradjane Gopalakichenin
    • 1
  • Gnanamoorthi Venkadesan
    • 2
  • Sudhagar Veeraraagavan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Automobile Engineering, Madras Institute of TechnologyAnna University ChennaiChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity College of Engineering VillupuramVillupuramIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringLoyola Institute of TechnologyChennaiIndia

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