Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 1558–1564 | Cite as

Enantioselective degradation of the chiral alpha-cypermethrin and detection of its metabolites in five plants

  • Guojun Yao
  • Jing Gao
  • Chuntao Zhang
  • Wenqi Jiang
  • Peng Wang
  • Xueke Liu
  • Donghui Liu
  • Zhiqiang ZhouEmail author
Research Article


Alpha-cypermethrin (α-cypermethrin), an important chiral pyrethroid insecticide, is frequently detected in human samples. Because of the possible human health risks caused by α-cypermethrin, we studied dynamics, residues, and metabolism of α-cypermethrin in five common vegetables (tomato, cucumber, rape, cabbage, and pepper) on enantiomeric levels after foliar spray. α-Cypermethrin was qualified by a HP-5 column and its enantiomers could be separated by gas chromatograph (GC) using a BGB-172 chiral column. The results of degradation showed that α-cypermethrin dissipated rapidly in vegetables with half-lives being only 2.85–8.88 days. Stereoselective degradation was observed on pepper and cucumber while the two metabolites (cis-DCCA and 3-PBA) of α-cypermethrin were not detected during its dissipation in all plants. This is the first evidence of enantioselective degradation of α-cypermethrin in the five common vegetables and the results should be considered in future environmental risk and food safety evaluations.


Enantioselective Degradation Metabolites Alpha-cypermethrin Plants 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Contract Grants: 21337005).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guojun Yao
    • 1
  • Jing Gao
    • 1
  • Chuntao Zhang
    • 1
  • Wenqi Jiang
    • 1
  • Peng Wang
    • 1
  • Xueke Liu
    • 1
  • Donghui Liu
    • 1
  • Zhiqiang Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Department of Applied ChemistryChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of ScienceChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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