β-Pinene moderates Cr(VI) phytotoxicity by quenching reactive oxygen species and altering antioxidant machinery in maize
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We examined the possible role of monoterpene β-pinene in providing protection against Cr(VI) toxicity in maize (Zea mays). Treatment with β-pinene (10 μM) significantly alleviated Cr(VI) accumulation and recuperated Cr(VI) caused decline in root and coleoptile growth in maize. β-Pinene addition caused a decline in Cr(VI)-induced accumulation of superoxide anion, hydroxyl ion, hydrogen peroxide and confirmed by in-situ detection of ROS using histochemical localization. It suggested that the β-pinene quenches/neutralizes enhanced ROS generated under Cr(VI) exposure. β-Pinene also reduced Cr(VI)-induced electrolyte leakage, thereby suggesting its role in membrane stabilization. Further, β-pinene regulated the activity of scavenging enzymes, thereby suggesting a role in modulating Cr(VI)-induced oxidative damage. In conclusion, our results suggest that the addition of β-pinene has a protective role against Cr(VI) stress and provides resistance to maize against Cr(VI) toxicity.
KeywordsMonoterpenes Hexavalent chromium Oxidative damage Free radicals Stress amelioration
PM is thankful to University Grants Commission, New Delhi, India, for research fellowship.
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