Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 342–361 | Cite as

Evaluating polar pesticide pollution with a combined approach: a survey of agricultural practices and POCIS passive samplers in a Tunisian lagoon watershed

  • Takoua MhadhbiEmail author
  • Olivier Pringault
  • Habiba Nouri
  • Sylvie Spinelli
  • Hamouda Beyrem
  • Catherine Gonzalez
Research Article


A study of pesticides in the Bizerte lagoon watershed on the Mediterranean coast of Tunisia showed that herbicides and fungicides are the most commonly used compounds. A survey was made of selected farmers. Pesticide contamination was monitored in the water column and sediments at four selected sampling sites (lagoon (A) and in three oueds—Chegui (B), Garaa (C), and Tinja (D)). Polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) were used to assess pesticide contamination. Thirty-two pesticides were investigated; the total concentration of active ingredients ranged from 35.9 ng L−1 in Tinja oued to 1246 ng L−1 in Chegui oued. In the lagoon, the total concentration of pesticides was 67.7 ng L−1. In the sediments, the highest concentration was measured in Chegui oued in the spring (31 ng g−1 dw). The main compounds found in the analyzed sediments were prosulfocarb and tebuconazole molecules.


Agriculture Tunisian lagoon Pesticides POCIS Sediments 



This study was financed by LMI Cosy-MED (IRD), Institut Mines Télécom Mines Alès, and the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (Carthage University), The authors would like to thank the Tunisian farmers and fishermen of Bizerte for their kind assistance in the monitoring studies.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_3552_MOESM1_ESM.doc (66 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 65 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takoua Mhadhbi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Olivier Pringault
    • 3
    • 4
  • Habiba Nouri
    • 4
  • Sylvie Spinelli
    • 1
  • Hamouda Beyrem
    • 2
  • Catherine Gonzalez
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Industrial Environmental Engineering (LGEI), IMT Mines AlèsUniversity of MontpellierAlesFrance
  2. 2.Laboratory of Environmental Biomonitoring (LBE), Faculty of Sciences of BizerteUniversity of CarthageAvenue de la RépubliqueTunisia
  3. 3.UMR 9190 MARBEC IRD-Ifremer-CNRSUniversity of MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  4. 4.Institut de Recherche pour le DéveloppementTunisTunisia

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