Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 36381–36393 | Cite as

Combined impact of EGR and injection pressure in performance improvement and NOx control of a DI diesel engine powered with tamarind seed biodiesel blend

  • Dhana Raju Vallapudi
  • Harun Kumar Makineni
  • Srinivas Kishore Pisipaty
  • Harish Venu
Research Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

In the process of creating eco-friendly environment and conserving fossil fuels for the future generations, biodiesel has been chosen as a good substitute for diesel. It is a proven fact that biodiesel operated diesel engine can deliver comparable results with diesel. The present work focuses on TSME20 (tamarind seed methyl ester 20% + diesel 80%) as a renewable fuel, and its performance and emission results are analyzed at different exhaust gas recirculation rates and various injection pressures. The process is done in two stages. Firstly, experiments are conducted on TSME20 operated diesel engine at three injection pressures (180, 200, and 220 bar), and the results are analyzed. From the experimental results, improved efficiency by 2.29% and reduced emissions, such as hydrocarbon, smoke, and carbon monoxide, by 53.84, 56.25, and 75.15% are observed at the peak load for the increased injection pressure (220 bar) over 200 bar except NOx levels, which are found high by 11% compared to 200-bar injection pressure. Secondly, tests are again performed at the optimal condition of 220-bar injection pressure with the exhaust gas re-circulation (EGR) rates at different levels, i.e., 10 and 20%. The test results reveal that the addition of 10% EGR to the engine operating at 220 bar counteracts the release of NOx levels, which are found reduced by 80.5% over standard conditions without much compromise in engine performance. Also, the combustion characteristics of diesel engine at 220-bar fuel injection pressure of tamarind biodiesel blend showed enhancement when compared to other fuel injection pressures.

Keywords

Biodiesel Tamarind seed methyl ester Injection pressure Performance Combustion characteristics Emissions and exhaust gas recirculation 

References

  1. Abd-Alla GH (2002) Using exhaust gas recirculation in internal combustion engines: a review. Energy Convers Manag 43(8):1027–1042.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(01)00091-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agarwal D, Singh SK, Agarwal AK (2011) Effect of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on performance, emissions, deposits and durability of a constant speed compression ignition engine. Appl Energy 88(8):2900–2907.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.01.066 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anbarasu A, Karthikeyan A (2017) Effect of injection pressure on the performance and emission characteristics of CI engine using canola emulsion fuel. Int J Ambient Energy 38(3):314–319.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2015.1092472 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashok B, Nanthagopal K, Raj RTK, Bhasker JP, Vignesh DS (2017) Influence of injection timing and exhaust gas recirculation of a Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester fuelled CI engine. Fuel Process Technol 167:18–30.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.06.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Balaji G, Cheralathan M (2017) Experimental investigation of varying the fuel injection pressure in a direct injection diesel engine fuelled with methyl ester of neem oil. Int J Ambient Energy 38(4):356–364.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2015.1111846 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhupesh Raja VK, JayaPrabakar J (2018) Performance and emission characteristics of cashew nut shell oil on CI engine. Int J Ambient Energy 1–3.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1421584
  7. Canakci M, Sayin C, Ozsezen AN, Turkcan A (2009) Effect of injection pressure on the combustion, performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with methanol blended diesel fuel. Energy Fuel 23(6):2908–2920.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef900060s CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dhana Raju V, Kishore PS (2018) Effect of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine fuelled with tamarind biodiesel. Int J Ambient Energy 1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1421579
  9. Dhana Raju V, Kishore PS, Nanthagopal K, Ashok B (2018a) An experimental study on the effect of nanoparticles with novel tamarind seed methyl ester for diesel engine applications. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 164:655–666.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.03.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dhana Raju V, Kishore PS, Yamini K (2018b) Experimental studies on four stroke diesel engine fuelled with tamarind seed oil as potential alternate fuel for sustainable green environment. European Journal of Sustainable Development 2(1):1–10.  https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/78489 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ghazali WNMW, Mamat R, Masjuki HH, Najafi G (2015) Effects of biodiesel from different feedstocks on engine performance and emissions: a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 51:585–602.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.06.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gumus M, Sayin C, Canakci M (2012) The impact of fuel injection pressure on the exhaust emissions of a direct injection diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel-diesel fuel blends. Fuel 95:486–494.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.11.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Icingur Y, Altiparmak D (2003) Effect of fuel cetane number and injection pressure on a DI diesel engine performance and emissions. Energy Convers Manag 44(3):389–397.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00063-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Igbokwe JO, Nwafor OMI (2016) Performance characteristics of palm kernel biodiesel and its blend in a CI engine. Int J Ambient Energy 37(1):103–106.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2014.897647 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Imtenan S, Ashrafur Rahman SM, Masjuki HH, Varman M, Kalam MA (2015) Effect of dynamic injection pressure on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a compression ignition engine. Renew Sust Energ Rev 52:1205–1211.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.166 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jindal S, Nandwana BP, Rathore NS, Vashistha V (2010) Experimental investigation of the effect of compression ratio and injection pressure in a direct injection diesel engine running on Jatropha methyl ester. Appl Therm Eng 30(5):442–448.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2009.10.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kader MA, Islam MR, Praveen M, Haniu H, Takai K (2013) Pyrolysis decomposition of tamarind seed for alternative fuel. Bioresour Technol 149:1–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.09.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kannan GR, Anand R (2011) Experimental evaluation of DI diesel engine operating with diestrol at varying injection pressure and injection timing. Fuel Process Technol 92(12):2252–2263.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2011.07.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kannan GR, Anand R (2012) Effect of injection pressure and injection timing on DI diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel from waste cooking oil. Biomass & Bioenergy 46:343–352.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.08.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mahalingam A, Munuswamy DB, Devarajan Y, Radhakrishnan S (2018) Emission and performance analysis on the effect of exhaust gas recirculation in alcohol-biodiesel aspirated research diesel engine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(13):12641–12647.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1522-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mendera KZ, Spyra A and Smereka M (2002) Mass fraction burned analysis. Journal of KONES Internal Combustion Engines 3:193–201Google Scholar
  22. Mohan B, Yang W, Chou SK (2013) Fuel injection strategies for performance improvement and emissions reduction in compression ignition engines—a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 28:664–676.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nanthagopal K, Ashok B, Raj RTK (2016) Influence of fuel injection pressures on Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester direct injection diesel engine. Energy Convers Manag 116:165–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2016.03.02 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Puhan S, Jegan R, Balasubbramanian K, Nagarajan G (2009) Effect of injection pressure on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of high linolenic linseed oil methyl ester in a DI diesel engine. Renew Energy 34(5):1227–1233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.10.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Purushothaman K, Nagarajan G (2009) Effect of injection pressure on heat release rate and emissions in CI engine using orange skin powder diesel solution. Energy Convers Manag 50(4):962–969.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2008.12.030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rakopoulos DC (2012) Heat release analysis of combustion in heavy-duty turbocharged diesel engine operating on blends of diesel fuel with cottonseed or sunflower oils and their biodiesel. Fuel 96(1):524–534.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.12.063
  27. Ramakrishnan M, Rathinam TM, Viswanathan K (2018) Comparitive studies on the performance and emissions of a direct injection diesel enginefueled with neem oil and pumpkin seed oil biodiesel with and without fuel preheater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(5):4621–4631.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0838-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rao G, Kumar GN, Herbert M (2018) Effect of injection pressure on the performance and emission characteristics of CI engine using Vateria indica biodiesel. Int J Ambient Energy 1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1421575
  29. Saleh HE (2009) Effect of exhaust gas recirculation on diesel engine nitrogen oxide reduction operating with jojoba methyl ester. Renew Energy 34(10):2178–2186.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2009.03.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Saravanan S, Nagarajan G, Sampath S (2013) Combined effect of injection timing, EGR and injection pressure in NOx control of a stationary diesel engine fuelled with crude rice bran oil methyl ester. Fuel 104:409–416.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.10.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sayin C, Gumus M, Canakci M (2012) Effect of fuel injection pressure on the injection, combustion and performance characteristics of a DI diesel engine fuelled with canola oil methyl esters-diesel fuel blends. Biomass Bioenergy 46:435–446.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.07.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shehata MS, Attia AMA, Razek SMA (2015) Corn and soybean biodiesel blends as alternative fuels for diesel engine at different injection pressures. Fuel 161:49–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.08.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Srivastava AK, Soni SL, Sharma D, Jain NL (2018) Effect of injection pressure on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of diesel-acetylene-fuelled single cylinder stationary CI engine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(8):7767–7775.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-1070-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tamilselvan P, Nallusamy N (2015) Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a compression ignition engine operating on pine oil. Biofuels 06(5):273–281.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2015.1096152 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tamilselvan P, Vignesh K, Nallusamy N (2017) Experimental investigation of performance, combustion and emission characteristics of CI engine fuelled with chicha oil biodiesel. Int J Ambient Energy 38(7):752–758.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2016.1206036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tsolakis A, Megaritis A, Wyszynski ML, Theinnoi K (2007) Engine performance and emissions of a diesel engine operating on diesel-RME (rapeseed methyl ester) blends with EGR (exhaust gas recirculation). Energy 32(11):2072–2080.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2007.05.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vijayakumar C, Ramesh M, Murugesan A, Panneerselvam N, Subramaniam D, Bharathiraja M (2016) Biodiesel from plant seed oils as an alternate fuel for compression ignition engines-a review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(14):24711–24730.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7754-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Vishwanathan K (2018) Experimental investigation on emission reduction in neem oil biodiesel using selective catalytic reduction and catalytic converter techniques. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(14):13548–13559.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1599-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xue J, Grift TE, Hansen AC (2011) Effect of biodiesel on engine performances and emissions. Renew Sust Energ Rev 15(2):1098–1116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zheng M, Reader GT, Hawley JG (2004) Diesel engine exhaust gas recirculation—a review on advanced and novel concepts. Energy Conversion and Management 45(6):883–900.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(03)00194-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zivkovic S, Veljkovic M (2018) Environmental impacts of the production and use of biodiesel. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(1):191–199.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0649-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dhana Raju Vallapudi
    • 1
  • Harun Kumar Makineni
    • 1
  • Srinivas Kishore Pisipaty
    • 2
  • Harish Venu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringLakireddy Bali Reddy College of EngineeringMylavaramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAndhra UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringChennai Institute of TechnologyChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations