Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 36485–36502 | Cite as

Life cycle assessment of a bioelectrochemical system as a new technological platform for biosuccinic acid production from waste

  • Amandine Foulet
  • Théodore Bouchez
  • Elie Desmond-Le Quéméner
  • Lucas Giard
  • Laure Renvoisé
  • Lynda Aissani
Research Article

Abstract

Waste management is a key environmental and socio-economic issue. Environmental concerns are encouraging the use of alternative resources and lower emissions to air, water and soil. Innovative technologies to deal with waste recovery that produce marketable bioproducts are emerging. Bioelectrochemical synthesis systems (BESs) are based on the primary principle of transforming organic waste into added-value products using microorganisms to catalyse chemical reactions. This technology is at the core of a research project called BIORARE (BIoelectrosynthesis for ORganic wAste bioREfinery), an interdisciplinary project that aims to use anaerobic digestion as a supply chain to feed a BES and produce target biomolecules. This technology needs to be driven by environmental strategies. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was used to evaluate the BIORARE concept based on expert opinion and prior experiments for the production of biosuccinic acid and waste management. A multidisciplinary approach based on biochemistry and process engineering expertise was used to collect the inventory data. The BES design and the two-step anaerobic digestion process have many potential impacts on air pollution or ecotoxicity-related categories. The comparison of the BIORARE concept with conventional fermentation processes and a water-fed BES technology demonstrated the environmental benefit resulting from the use of both the BES technology and a waste-based substrate as input thus supporting the BIORARE concept. Some trade-offs among the impact categories were identified but led to options to improve the concept. BES design and synergy management may improve the environmental performance of the BIORARE concept.

Keywords

Life cycle assessment Biorefinery Anaerobic digestion Biogas plant Synergies Succinic acid 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the French National Research Agency for supporting the BIORARE project (ANR-10-BTBR-02).

References

  1. Azapagic A (1999) Life cycle assessment and its application to process selection, design and optimisation. Chem Eng J 73:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bajracharya S, Sharma M, Mohanakrishna G, Benneton XD, Strik D, Sarma PM, Pant D (2016) An overview on emerging bioelectrochemical systems (BESs): technology for sustainable electricity, waste remediation, resource recovery, chemical production and beyond. Renew Energy 98:153–170.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.03.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boulay A-M, Bulle C, Bayart J-B, Deschênes L, Margni M (2011) Regional characterization of freshwater use in LCA: modeling direct impacts on human health. Environ Sci Technol 45:8948–8957.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es1030883 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boulay A-M, Bare J, Camillis CD et al (2015) Consensus building on the development of a stress-based indicator for LCA-based impact assessment of water consumption: outcome of the expert workshops. Int J Life Cycle Assess 20:577–583.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-015-0869-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bretz K (2015) Succinic acid production in fed-batch fermentation of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens using glycerol as carbon source. Chem Eng Technol 38:1659–1664.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ceat.201500015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cao Y, Zhang R, Sun C, Cheng T, Liu Y, Xian M (2013) Fermentative succinate production: an emerging technology to replace the traditional petrochemical processes, fermentative succinate production: an emerging technology to replace the traditional petrochemical processes. BioMed Res Int BioMed Res Int 2013:e723412.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/723412 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cherubini F, Peters GP, Berntsen T, Strømman AH, Hertwich E (2011) CO2 emissions from biomass combustion for bioenergy: atmospheric decay and contribution to global warming. GCB Bioenergy 3:413–426.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01102.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cherubini F, Strømman AH, Hertwich E (2013) Biogenic CO2 fluxes from bioenergy and climate—a response. Ecol Model 253:79–81.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.01.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cok B, Tsiropoulos I, Roes AL, Patel MK (2014) Succinic acid production derived from carbohydrates: an energy and greenhouse gas assessment of a platform chemical toward a bio-based economy. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 8:16–29.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bbb.1427 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Conrado RJ, Haynes CA, Haendler BE, Toone EJ (2013) Electrofuels: a new paradigm for renewable fuels. In: Lee JW (ed) Advanced biofuels and bioproducts. Springer, New York, NY, pp 1037–1064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. del Pilar Anzola Rojas M, Zaiat M, Gonzalez ER et al (2018) Effect of the electric supply interruption on a microbial electrosynthesis system converting inorganic carbon into acetate. Bioresour Technol 266:203–210.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2018.06.074 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dumas C, Basseguy R, Bergel A (2008) Microbial electrocatalysis with Geobacter sulfurreducens biofilm on stainless steel cathodes. Electrochim Acta 53:2494–2500.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2007.10.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dunn JB, Adom F, Sather N, Han J, Snyder S (2015) Life-cycle analysis of bioproducts and their conventional counterparts in GREET. U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National LaboratoryGoogle Scholar
  14. Escamilla-Alvarado C, Poggi-Varaldo HM, Ponce-Noyola MT (2017) Bioenergy and bioproducts from municipal organic waste as alternative to landfilling: a comparative life cycle assessment with prospective application to Mexico. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:25602–25617.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6939-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Espinosa N, Laurent A, Krebs FC (2015) Ecodesign of organic photovoltaic modules from Danish and Chinese perspectives. Energy Environ Sci 8:2537–2550.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5EE01763G CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. European Commission (2010a) International reference life cycle data system (ILCD) handbook—framework and requirements for life cycle impact assessment models and indicators. First edition. Publications Office of the European Union, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  17. European Commission (2010b) International reference life cycle data system (ILCD) handbook—general guide for life cycle assessment—detailed guidance. Publications Office, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  18. European Commission (2010c) Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability. In: International reference life cycle data system (ILCD) handbook—general guide for life cycle assessment—detailed guidance. Publications Office, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  19. European Commission (2014) Horizon 2020, work programme 2014–2015Google Scholar
  20. European Commission (2018) Municipal waste by waste operations—Eurostat. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/env_wasmun. Accessed 23 Mar 2018
  21. European Union (2008) Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 19 November 2008 on Waste and Repealing Certain Directives. Official Journal of the European Union, 22/11/2008Google Scholar
  22. Evans G (2001) Biowaste and biological waste treatment. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Farahani SS, Asoodar MA (2017) Life cycle environmental impacts of bioethanol production from sugarcane molasses in Iran. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:22547–22556.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9909-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Foley JM, Rozendal RA, Hertle CK, Lant PA, Rabaey K (2010) Life cycle assessment of high-rate anaerobic treatment, microbial fuel cells, and microbial electrolysis cells. Environ Sci Technol 44:3629–3637.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es100125h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fouilland E, Vasseur C, Leboulanger C (2014) Coupling algal biomass production and anaerobic digestion: production assessment of some native temperate and tropical microalgae. Biomass Bioenergy 70:564–569.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.08.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Foulet A, Birot M, Sonnemann G, Deleuze H (2015) Life cycle assessment of producing emulsion-templated porous materials from Kraft black liquor – comparison of a vegetable oil and a petrochemical solvent. J Clean Prod 91:180–186.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.12.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Francmanis E, Khabdullin A, Khabdullin A, Khabdullina Z, Khabdullina G (2016) Comparative environmental analysis of microbial electrochemical systems. Energy Procedia 95:564–568.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.09.086 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Glassner DA, Elankovan P, Beacom DR, Berglund KA (1995) Purification process for succinic acid produced by fermentation. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 51–52:73–82.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02933412 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Guest G, Cherubini F, Strømman AH (2013) Global warming potential of carbon dioxide emissions from biomass stored in the Anthroposphere and used for bioenergy at end of life. J Ind Ecol 17:20–30.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00507.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Guinée JB, Gorrée M, Heijungs R, Huppes G, Kleijn R, de Koning A, Van Oers L, Wegener Sleeswijk A, Suh S, Udo de Haes HA, De Bruijn JA, Van Duin R, Huijbregts MAJ (eds) (2002) Handbook on life cycle assessment: operational guide to the ISO Standards. Series: Eco-efficiency in industry and science. Kluwer Academic Publishers, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  31. Hansen TL, Schmidt JE, Angelidaki I, Marca E, Jansen JC, Mosbæk H, Christensen TH (2004) Method for determination of methane potentials of solid organic waste. Waste Manag 24:393–400.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2003.09.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Heijungs R, Guinée JB, Huppes G et al (1992) Environmental life cycle assessment of products: guide and backgrounds (part 1). CML, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  33. Huh YS, Jun Y-S, Hong YK, Song H, Lee SY, Hong WH (2006) Effective purification of succinic acid from fermentation broth produced by Mannheimia succiniciproducens. Process Biochem 41:1461–1465.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2006.01.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ISO (2006a) ISO 14044:2006: environmental management—life cycle assessment—requirements and guidelines. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  35. ISO (2006b) ISO 14040:2006: environmental management—life cycle assessment—principles and framework. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  36. Jourdin L (2015) Microbial electrosynthesis from carbon dioxide: performance enhancement and elucidation of mechanisms. The University of Queensland, St LuciaGoogle Scholar
  37. Kootstra (2017) Direct processing of sugar beet using beta process: Chembeet WP1 and WP2. ACRRES. Wageningen University & Research, WageningenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lam KF, Leung CCJ, Lei HM, Lin CSK (2014) Economic feasibility of a pilot-scale fermentative succinic acid production from bakery wastes. Food Bioprod Process 92:282–290.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbp.2013.09.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. LeRoy RL (1983) Industrial water electrolysis: present and future. Int J Hydrog Energy 8:401–417.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0360-3199(83)90162-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Li W-W, Yu H-Q, He Z (2014) Towards sustainable wastewater treatment by using microbial fuel cells-centered technologies. Energy Environ Sci 7:911–924.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3EE43106A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Logan BE, Rabaey K (2012) Conversion of wastes into bioelectricity and chemicals by using microbial electrochemical technologies. Science 337:686–690.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1217412 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lovley DR (2006) Microbial fuel cells: novel microbial physiologies and engineering approaches. Curr Opin Biotechnol 17:327–332.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2006.04.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Luque R, Lin CSK, Du C et al (2009) Chemical transformations of succinic acid recovered from fermentation broths by a novel direct vacuum distillation-crystallisation method. Green Chem 11:193–200.  https://doi.org/10.1039/B813409J CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Manfredi S, Pant R (2011) Supporting environmentally sound decisions for bio-waste management: a practical guide to life cycle thinking (LCT) and life cycle assessment (LCA). Joint Research Centre—Institute for Environment and Sustainability, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  45. Mankins JC (1995) Technology readiness levels - a white paper. Advanced Concepts Office, Office of Space Access and Technology, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  46. McCreery RL (2008) Advanced carbon electrode materials for molecular electrochemistry. Chem Rev 108:2646–2687.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cr068076m CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Mitterpach J, Hroncová E, Ladomerský J, Balco K (2017) Environmental analysis of waste foundry sand via life cycle assessment. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:3153–3162.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-8085-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Morales M, Ataman M, Badr S, Linster S, Kourlimpinis I, Papadokonstantakis S, Hatzimanikatis V, Hungerbühler K (2016) Sustainability assessment of succinic acid production technologies from biomass using metabolic engineering. Energy Environ Sci 9:2794–2805.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C6EE00634E CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Moscoviz R, de Fouchécour F, Santa-Catalina G, Bernet N, Trably E (2017) Cooperative growth of Geobacter sulfurreducens and Clostridium pasteurianum with subsequent metabolic shift in glycerol fermentation. Sci Rep 7:44334.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep44334 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pandit AV, Mahadevan R (2011) In silico characterization of microbial electrosynthesis for metabolic engineering of biochemicals. Microb Cell Factories 10:76.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2859-10-76 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Pant D, Singh A, Van Bogaert G, Alvarez-Gallego Y, Diels L, Vanbroekhoven K (2011) An introduction to the life cycle assessment (LCA) of bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for sustainable energy and product generation: relevance and key aspects. Renew Sust Energ Rev 15:1305–1313.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.10.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Patel DA, Meesters K, den Uil H, de Jong E, Blok K (2012) Sustainability assessment of novel chemical processes at early stage: application to biobased processes. Energy Environ Sci 5:8430–8444.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C2EE21581K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Pinazo JM, Domine ME, Parvulescu V, Petru F (2015) Sustainability metrics for succinic acid production: a comparison between biomass-based and petrochemical routes. Catal Today 239:17–24.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2014.05.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Pocaznoi D, Calmet A, Etcheverry L, Erable B, Bergel A (2012) Stainless steel is a promising electrode material for anodes of microbial fuel cells. Energy Environ Sci 5:9645–9652.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C2EE22429A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Pradel M, Aissani L, Villot J, Baudez J-C, Laforest V (2016) From waste to added value product: towards a paradigm shift in life cycle assessment applied to wastewater sludge—a review. J Clean Prod 131:60–75.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.05.076 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Rabaey K, Rozendal RA (2010) Microbial electrosynthesis—revisiting the electrical route for microbial production. Nat Rev Microbiol 8:706–716.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2422 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Ras M, Lardon L, Bruno S, Bernet N, Steyer J-P (2011) Experimental study on a coupled process of production and anaerobic digestion of Chlorella vulgaris. Bioresour Technol 102:200–206.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.06.146 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Reddy MV, ElMekawy A, Pant D (2018) Bioelectrochemical synthesis of caproate through chain elongation as a complementary technology to anaerobic digestion. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin.  https://doi.org/10.1002/bbb.1924
  59. Richard C (2013) Intégration d’une étape de production de bioéthanol en culture mixte au sein d’une filière de traitement de déchets solides par méthanisation. AgroParisTechGoogle Scholar
  60. Rozendal RA, Hamelers HVM, Rabaey K, Keller J, Buisman CJN (2008a) Towards practical implementation of bioelectrochemical wastewater treatment. Trends Biotechnol 26:450–459.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2008.04.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Rozendal RA, Jeremiasse AW, Hamelers HVM, Buisman CJN (2008b) Hydrogen production with a microbial biocathode. Environ Sci Technol 42:629–634.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es071720+ CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Sadhukhan J, Lloyd JR, Scott K, Premier GC, Yu EH, Curtis T, Head IM (2016) A critical review of integration analysis of microbial electrosynthesis (MES) systems with waste biorefineries for the production of biofuel and chemical from reuse of CO2. Renew Sust Energ Rev 56:116–132.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.11.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Schäfer H, Beladi-Mousavi SM, Walder L, Wollschläger J, Kuschel O, Ichilmann S, Sadaf S, Steinhart M, Küpper K, Schneider L (2015a) Surface oxidation of stainless steel: oxygen evolution electrocatalysts with high catalytic activity. ACS Catal 5:2671–2680.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.5b00221 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Schäfer H, Sadaf S, Walder L, Kuepper K, Dinklage S, Wollschläger J, Schneider L, Steinhart M, Hardege J, Daum D (2015b) Stainless steel made to rust: a robust water-splitting catalyst with benchmark characteristics. Energy Environ Sci 8:2685–2697.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5EE01601K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Srikanth S, Kumar M, Singh MP, Das BP (2016) Bioelectro chemical systems: a sustainable and potential platform for treating waste. Procedia Environ Sci 35:853–859.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.07.102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sun M, Zhai L-F, Li W-W, Yu H-Q (2016) Harvest and utilization of chemical energy in wastes by microbial fuel cells. Chem Soc Rev 45:2847–2870.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C5CS00903K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sutton MD, Doran-Peterson JB (2001) Fermentation of sugarbeet pulp for ethanol production using bioengineered Klebsiella oxytoca strain P2. J Sugarbeet Res 38:19–34.  https://doi.org/10.5274/jsbr.38.1.19 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Tang X, Madronich S, Wallington T, Calamari D (1998) Changes in tropospheric composition and air quality. J Photochem Photobiol B 46:83–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1011-1344(98)00187-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Thinkstep (2016) GaBi software-system and database for the life cycle engineering. Leinfelden-Echterdingen, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  70. U.S. Department of Energy (2010) Environmental assessment for the Myriant succinic acid biorefinery (MYSAB), Lake Providence, Louisiana. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden, ColoradoGoogle Scholar
  71. Wang X, Cheng S, Feng Y, Merrill MD, Saito T, Logan EL (2009) Use of carbon mesh anodes and the effect of different pretreatment methods on power production in microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 43:6870–6874.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es900997w CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Weastra (2012) Determination of market potential for selected platform chemicals—EU project BioConSept. Weastra, s.r.oGoogle Scholar
  73. Wrana N, Sparling R, Cicek N, Levin DB (2010) Hydrogen gas production in a microbial electrolysis cell by electrohydrogenesis. J Clean Prod 18(Supplement 1):S105–S111.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.06.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Yadav P, Samadder SR (2018) Environmental impact assessment of municipal solid waste management options using life cycle assessment: a case study. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:838–854.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0439-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Yan Q, Zhao M, Miao H, Ruan W, Song R (2010) Coupling of the hydrogen and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production through anaerobic digestion from Taihu blue algae. Bioresour Technol 101:4508–4512.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.01.073 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Yang N, Waldvogel SR, Jiang X (2016) Electrochemistry of carbon dioxide on carbon electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:28357–28371.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b09825 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Yu F, Li F, Sun L (2016) Stainless steel as an efficient electrocatalyst for water oxidation in alkaline solution. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:5230–5233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.01.108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Zabed H, Faruq G, Sahu JN, Airun MS, Hashim R, Boyce AN (2014) Bioethanol production from fermentable sugar juice, bioethanol production from fermentable sugar juice. Sci World J Sci World J 2014:e957102.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/957102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Zaybak Z, Pisciotta JM, Tokash JC, Logan BE (2013) Enhanced start-up of anaerobic facultatively autotrophic biocathodes in bioelectrochemical systems. J Biotechnol 168:478–485.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2013.10.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Zhang T, Nie H, Bain TS, Lu H, Cui M, Snoeyenbos-West OL, Franks AE, Nevin KP, Russell TP, Lovley DR (2013) Improved cathode materials for microbial electrosynthesis. Energy Env Sci 6:217–224.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C2EE23350A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Zhang Q, Hu J, Lee D-J (2016) Biogas from anaerobic digestion processes: research updates. Renew Energy 98:108–119.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.02.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UR OPAALEIrsteaRennesFrance
  2. 2.UR HBANIrsteaAntonyFrance
  3. 3.LBEINRANarbonneFrance
  4. 4.Suez Environnement-CIRSEELe PecqFrance

Personalised recommendations