Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 35, pp 35582–35593 | Cite as

Storage and reduction of NOx by combining Sr-based perovskite catalyst with nonthermal plasma

  • Tong Syuan Wei
  • Kuan Lun Pan
  • Sheng Jen Yu
  • Shaw Yi Yan
  • Moo Been ChangEmail author
Research Article


A novel NOx storage and reduction (NSR) system is developed for NOx removal by integrating Sr-based perovskite catalyst with nonthermal plasma (NTP)-assisted process. In this hybrid system, Sr-based perovskite catalyst is applied for NOx adsorption in the lean-burn condition while NTP is used as a desorption-reduction step to convert NOx into N2 under rich-burn condition. Innovative Sr-based perovskites including SrKMnCoO4/BaO/Al2O3 (SKMCBA), SrKMnCeO4/BaO/Al2O3 (SKMCeBA), and SrKCoNiO4/BaO/Al2O3 (SKCNBA) are successfully prepared by impregnation method. Results indicate that SKMCBA possesses the highest NOx trapped (214 μmole NOx/gcatalyst) at 400 °C among 3 Sr-based perovskites investigated. High performance of SKMCBA for NOx adsorption is mainly attributed to the addition of Mn and Co which own good oxidation ability. Further, SKMCBA is combined with NTP-assisted process for NOx reduction. Result indicates that NOx conversion achieved with NTP-assisted process reaches 83% with the applied voltage of 18 kV and frequency of 10 kHz in the absence of reducing agent. Additionally, various reducing agents including hydrogen (H2), carbon monoxide (CO), and propene (C3H6) are introduced, individually, into the NTP reduction process, and the results indicate that performance of NSR with NTP can be effectively enhanced. Especially, 100% NOx conversion is achieved with H2-NTP. This study demonstrates that reduction of NOx via NTP-assisted process is promising.


NOx storage and reduction (NSR) Perovskite-like catalyst Nonthermal plasma Plasma reduction process 


  1. Bai Z, Zhang Z, Chen B, Zhao Q, Crocker M, Shi C (2017) Non-thermal plasma enhanced NSR performance over Pt/M/Ba/Al2O3 (M = Mn, Co, Cu) catalysts. Chem Eng J 314:688–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhatia D, McCabe RW, Harold MP, Balakotaiah V (2009) Experimental and kinetic study of NO oxidation on model Pt catalysts. J Catal 266(1):106–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chan TW, Meloche E, Kubsh J, Brezny R (2014) Black carbon emissions in gasoline exhaust and a reduction alternative with a gasoline particulate filter. Environ Sci Technol 48(10):6027–6034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen X, Schwank J, Li J, Schneider WF, Goralski CT Jr, Schmitz PJ (2005) Thermal decomposition of dispersed and bulk-like NOx species in model NOx trap materials. Appl Catal B Environ 61(1–2):164–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dong F, Suda A, Tanabe T, Nagai Y, Sobukawa H, Shinjoh H, Sugiura M, Descorme C, Duprez D (2004) Dynamic oxygen mobility and a new insight into the role of Zr atoms in three-way catalysts of Pt/CeO2–ZrO2. Catal Today 93–95:827–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Epling WS, Campbell LE, Yezerets A, Currier NW, Parks JE (2004a) Overview of the fundamental reactions and degradation mechanisms of NOx storage/reduction catalysts. Catal Rev 46(2):163–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Epling WS, Parks JE, Campbell GC, Yezerets A, Currier NW, Campbell LE (2004b) Further evidence of multiple NOx sorption sites on NOx storage/reduction catalysts. Catal Today 96(1–2):21–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Erkfeldt S, Jobson E, Larsson M (2001) The effect of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons on NOx storage at low temperature. Top Catal 16(1):127–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fridman A (2008) Plasma chemistry, inorganic gas-phase plasma decomposition processes. Cambridge University Press, pp 259–354Google Scholar
  10. Hodjati S, Bernhardt P, Petit C, Pitchon V, Kiennemann A (1998) Removal of NOx: part I. sorption/desorption processes on barium aluminate. Appl Catal B Environ 19(3–4):209–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hodjati S, Vaezzadeh K, Petit C, Pitchon V, Kiennemann A (2000) Absorption/desorption of NOx process on perovskites: performances to remove NOx from a lean exhaust gas. Appl Catal B Environ 26(1):5–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kamal MS, Razzak SA, Hossain MM (2016) Catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)—a review. Atmos Environ 140:117–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kim SC, Shim WG (2010) Catalytic combustion of VOCs over a series of manganese oxide catalysts. Appl Catal B Environ 98(3–4):180–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kim DH, Mudiyanselage K, Szanyi J, Kwak JH, Zhu H, Peden CHF (2013) Effect of K loadings on nitrate formation/decomposition and on NOx storage performance of K-based NOx storage-reduction catalysts. Appl Catal B Environ 142:472–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim SC, Park YK, Nah JW (2014) Property of a highly active bimetallic catalyst based on a supported manganese oxide for the complete oxidation of toluene. Powder Technol 266:292–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lee DH, Lee JO, Kim KT, Song YH, Kim E, Han HS (2011) Characteristics of plasma-assisted hydrocarbon SCR system. Int J Hydrog Energy 36(18):11718–11726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lietti L, Forzatti P, Nova I, Tronconi E (2001) NOx storage reduction over Pt-Ba/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. J Catal 204(1):175–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lindholm A, Currier NW, Fridell E, Yezerets A, Olsson L (2007) NOx storage and reduction over Pt based catalysts with hydrogen as the reducing agent. Appl Catal B Environ 75(1):78–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liotta LF, Macaluso A, Arena GE, Livi M, Centi G, Deganello G (2002) A study of the behaviour of Pt supported on CeO2–ZrO2/Al2O3–BaO as NOx storage–reduction catalyst for the treatment of lean burn engine emissions. Catal Today 75(1):439–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu G, Gao PX (2011) A review of NOx storage/reduction catalysts: mechanism, materials and degradation studies. Catal Sci Technol 1:552–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Matsumoto SI (2000) Catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides in automotive exhaust containing excess oxygen by NOx storage-reduction catalyst. CATTECH 4(2):102–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Miyoshi N, Mastumoto SI (1999) NOx storage-reduction catalyst (NSR catalyst) for automotive engines: sulfur poisoning mechanism and improvement of catalyst performance. Stud Surf Sci Catal 121:245–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Peng HH, Pan KL, Yu SJ, Yan SY, Chang MB (2016) Combining nonthermal plasma with perovskite-like catalyst for NOx storage and reduction. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(19):19590–19601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Qi G, Li W (2014) NOx adsorption and reduction over LaMnO3 based lean NOx yrap xatalysts. Catal Lett 144(4):639–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roy S, Baiker A (2009) NOx storage reduction catalysis: from mechanism and materials properties to storage reduction performance. Chem Rev 109(9):4054–4091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shi C, Ji Y, Graham UM, Jacobs G, Crocker M, Zhang Z, Wang Y, Toops TJ (2012) NOx storage and reduction properties of model ceria-based lean NOx trap catalysts. Appl Catal B Environ 119:183–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Soylu GSP, Özçelik Z, Boz I (2010) Total oxidation of toluene over metal oxides supported on a natural clinoptilolite-typezeolite. Chem Eng J 162(1):380–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Takahashi N, Shinjoh H, Iijima T, Suzuki T, Yamazaki K, Yokota K, Suzuki H, Miyoshi N, Matsumoto SI, Tanizawa T, Tanaka T, Tateishi SS, Kasahara K (1996) The new concept 3-way catalyst for automotive lean-burn engine: NOx storage and reduction catalyst. Catal Today 27(1):63–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tang W, Wu X, Li S, Li W, Chen Y (2014) Porous Mn–Co mixed oxide nanorod as a novel catalyst with enhanced catalytic activity for removal of VOCs. Catal Commun 56:134–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vijay R, Hendershot RJ, Rivera-Jiménez SM, Rogers WB, Feist BJ, Snively CM, Lauterbach J (2005) Noble metal free NOx storage catalysts using cobalt discovered via high-throughput experimentation. Catal Commun 6(2):167–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang X, Yu Y, He H (2010) Effect of Co addition to Pt/Ba/Al2O3 system for NOx storage and reduction. Appl Catal B Environ 100(1–2):19–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wang H, Li X, Chen M, Zheng X (2013) The effect of water vapor on NOx storage and reduction in combination with plasma. Catal Today 211:66–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wu S, Song C, Bin F, Lv G, Song J, Gong C (2014) La1−xCexMn1−yCoyO3 perovskite oxides: preparation, physico-chemical properties and catalytic activity for the reduction of diesel soot. Mater Chem Phys 148(1):181–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Xu J, Harold MP, Balakotaiah V (2011) Modeling the effects of Pt loading on NOx storage on Pt/BaO/Al2O3 catalysts. Appl Catal B Environ 104(3):305–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yamazaki K, Suzuki T, Takahashi N, Yokota K, Sugiura M (2001) Effect of the addition of transition metals to Pt/Ba/Al2O3 catalyst on the NOx storage-reduction catalysis under oxidizing conditions in the presence of SO2. Appl Catal B Environ 30(3–4):459–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ye J, Yu Y, Meng M, Jiang Z, Ding T, Zhang S, Huang Y (2013) Highly efficient NOx purification in alternating lean/rich atmospheres over non-platinic mesoporous perovskite-based catalyst K/LaCoO3. Catal Sci Technol 3:1915–1918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. You R, Zhang Y, Liu D, Meng M, Jiang Z, Zhang S, Huang Y (2015) A series of ceria supported lean-burn NOx trap catalysts LaCoO3/K2CO3/CeO2 using perovskite as active component. Chem Eng J 260:357–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yu Q, Wang H, Liu T, Xiao L, Jiang X, Zheng X (2012) High-efficiency removal of NOx using a combined adsorption-discharge plasma catalytic process. Environ Sci Technol 46(4):2337–2344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhang ZS, Chen BB, Wang XK, Xu L, Au C, Shi C, Crocker M (2015a) NOx storage and reduction properties of model manganese-based lean NOx trap catalysts. Appl Catal B Environ 165:232–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zhang Z, Crocker M, Chen B, Bai Z, Wang X, Shi C (2015c) Pt-free, non-thermal plasma-assisted NOx storage and reduction over M/Ba/Al2O3 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) catalysts. Catal Today 256 Part 1:115–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang Z, Crocker M, Chen B, Wang X, Bai Z, Shi C (2015d) Non-thermal plasma-assisted NOx storage and reduction over cobalt-containing LNT catalysts. Catal Today 258 Part 2:386–395Google Scholar
  42. Zhang Z, Crocker M, Yu L, Wang X, Bai Z, Shi C (2015e) Non-thermal plasma assisted NOx storage and reduction over a cobalt-containing Pd catalyst using H2 and/or CO as reductants. Catal Today 258 Part 1:175–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhao GB, Argyle MD, Radosz M (2006) Effect of CO on NO and N2O conversions in nonthermal argon plasma. J Appl Phys 99(11):113302CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tong Syuan Wei
    • 1
  • Kuan Lun Pan
    • 1
  • Sheng Jen Yu
    • 2
  • Shaw Yi Yan
    • 2
  • Moo Been Chang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Environmental EngineeringNational Central UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Green Energy and Environment Institute, Industrial Technology Research InstituteHsinchuTaiwan

Personalised recommendations